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Статті в журналах з теми "Respiratory organs Diseases":

1

Starevskaya, S. V., M. M. Goloborodko, O. V. Berleva, S. V. Barashkova, I. Yu Melnikova, V. Yu Detkov, and V. P. Molodtsova. "CONDITION OF RESPIRATORY MUCOSA AT CHILDREN WITH RESPIRATORY DISTRESS." HERALD of North-Western State Medical University named after I.I. Mechnikov 7, no. 1 (March 2015): 88–92. http://dx.doi.org/10.17816/mechnikov20157188-92.

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42 children with the diseases of respiratory organs complicated by respiratory failure have been examined to determine the nature of inflammatory changes of a tracheobronchial tree and a condition of mucoсiliary system . At children with acute diseases of respiratory organs the neutrophillic inflammation of tracheobronchial tree mucous has been revealed more often, at children with chronic diseases of lungs has been more often noted lymphocytic eosinophilic an inflammation of tracheobronchial tree mucous , obvious thaumatropy and dystrophy of ciliate epithelium. At 10% of children primary motor disturbance of the mucoсiliary system (total immobility of cilia) has been revealed.
2

Chunxi, Li, Liu Haiyue, Lin Yanxia, Pan Jianbing, and Su Jin. "The Gut Microbiota and Respiratory Diseases: New Evidence." Journal of Immunology Research 2020 (July 2020): 1–12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2020/2340670.

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Human body surfaces, such as the skin, intestines, and respiratory and urogenital tracts, are colonized by a large number of microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, and viruses, with the gut being the most densely and extensively colonized organ. The microbiome plays an essential role in immune system development and tissue homeostasis. Gut microbiota dysbiosis not only modulates the immune responses of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract but also impacts the immunity of distal organs, such as the lung, further affecting lung health and respiratory diseases. Here, we review the recent evidence of the correlations and underlying mechanisms of the relationship between the gut microbiota and common respiratory diseases, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cystic fibrosis (CF), lung cancer, and respiratory infection, and probiotic development as a therapeutic intervention for these diseases.
3

.Aleshkin, A. V., and M. V. Zeigarnik. "Phagotherapy of suppurative-inflammatory diseases of the respiratory organs." Infekcionnye bolezni 13, no. 3 (2015): 46–53. http://dx.doi.org/10.20953/1729-9225-2015-3-46-53.

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4

Kamaev, I. A., V. M. Levanov, E. A. Perevezentsev, and O. V. Undalova. "Morbidity of Nizhny Novgorod Region population with respiratory organs diseases." Medical almanac, no. 2 (2017): 18–21. http://dx.doi.org/10.21145/2499-9954-2017-2-18-21.

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5

Sukhova, Anna V., E. A. Preobrazhenskaya, A. V. Il’Nitskaya, and V. A. Kir’Yakov. "THE HEALTH OF WORKERS OF CONCENTRATING MILLS BY MODERN TECHNOLOGIES OF CONCENTRATION OF MINERALS AND PREVENTION MEASURES." Health Care of the Russian Federation 61, no. 4 (May 2019): 196–201. http://dx.doi.org/10.18821/0044-197x-2017-61-4-196-201.

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The article presents the results of study of factors of occupational risk for health of workers of ore-dressing factories. At ore-dressing factories, despite of implementing new technological processes and modern equipment, leading role of noise factor and pollution of air of working zone with aerosols predominantly of fibrogenic effect is preserved. for workers of ore-dressing factories a high degree of industrial conditioning of diseases of blood circulation organs, respiratory organs, bone muscular system, INT organs is specific. The structure of occupational diseases is formed by dust diseases of lungs and occupational pathology of organ of hearing. The complex of preventive measures is developed and ways of their implementation are proposed targeted to supporting health of workers opf ore-dressing factories and preventing development of occupational and occupationally conditioned diseases.
6

Filimonov, S. N., N. I. Panev, O. Yu Korotenko, N. A. Evseeva, I. P. Danilov, and O. V. Zatsepina. "Prevalence of somatic pathology in coal mine workers with occupational respiratory diseases." Russian Journal of Occupational Health and Industrial Ecology, no. 6 (July 2019): 381–84. http://dx.doi.org/10.31089/1026-9428-2019-6-381-384.

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Introduction. Th e high level of professional and production-related pathology among workers of the coal industry, as well as the frequent development of their combined pathology with an unfavorable prognosis determine the relevance of studying the prevalence of somatic pathology in miners with occupational diseases of the respiratory system.The aim of the study was to explore the prevalence of internal organs pathology in coal industry workers with occupational lung diseases (anthracosilicosis, chronic dust bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).Materials and methods. 788 store miners and shaft sinkers with previously diagnosed occupational respiratory diseases (anthracosilicosis, chronic dust bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and 161 miners, working for a long time in harmful labour conditions and having no occupational pathology (the control group) were examined.Results. It was revealed that the workers of the coal industry with occupational diseases of the respiratory system pathology of internal organs occurs more often than the workers of the control group, including: diseases of the cardiovascular system (hypertension, angina pectoris I and II functional classes), diseases of the digestive system (nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and chronic pancreatitis), kidney disease (chronic pyelonephritis), as well as a combination of several somatic diseases.Conclusions. In miners with occupational diseases of the respiratory system more oft en than in the control group, there is a pathology of the internal organs: diseases of the cardiovascular system, digestive organs, kidneys, as well as a combination of several somatic diseases. Th e data obtained should be considered during periodic medical examinations and medical examinations for the development of timely therapeutic and preventive and rehabilitation measures.
7

Koldibekova, Yu V., Marina A. Zemlyanova, A. M. Ignatova, I. V. Tikhonova, N. I. Markovich, K. V. Chetverkina, and V. M. Ukhabov. "ASSESSMENT OF THE RISK FOR HEALTH DISORDERS IN CHILDREN WHO LIVE IN A TERRITORY OF THE ZONE OF EXPOSURE TO PRODUCTION OF METALLURGICAL ALUMINUM." Hygiene and sanitation 98, no. 2 (April 2019): 135–41. http://dx.doi.org/10.18821/0016-9900-2019-98-2-135-141.

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Introduction. The atmospheric air is known to be the most contaminated on territories where industries are highly developed; non-ferrous metallurgy is one of them that make the greatest contribution into atmospheric air contamination. Data and methods. Our research objects were air samples taken on territories where there was located an enterprise producing metallurgic aluminum and our reference samples were taken on a territory where there was no such production; we also examined databases containing data on morbidity of children population, non-carcinogenic risk assessment, number of exposed population, and the results of epidemiologic examination. Results. Quality of the atmospheric air was unsatisfactory as there were concentrations of suspended substances, PM10 solid particles, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, as well as persistence occurrence of manganese, nickel, and copper compounds resulted from activities of enterprises that produced metallurgic aluminum. All the above-mentioned admixtures cause an unacceptable risk of non-carcinogenic effects emerging in the respiratory organs. A significant contribution into hazard index is made by suspended substances, PM10 and PM2.5 particles. Fine-dispersed fraction having a complicated chemical structure (ferric oxides; aluminum, silicon, nickel, chromium, titanium, and manganese oxides), can aggravate negative impacts on the respiratory organs, exerted by the identified risk factors. The prevalence of respiratory organs diseases among children population living on an exposed territory confirms environmental risks to make increased levels of the overall and primary morbidity rate. We proved a probability of respiratory organs diseases to be depended on concentrations of the examined substances in the atmosphere, including suspended substances and fine-dispersed fractions of PM10 and PM2.5, nitrogen oxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, compounds of nickel, manganese, and copper. Discussion. The detected cause-and-effect relations between a risk of increased morbidity with respiratory organs diseases in children and exposure to chemical risk factors, primarily suspended particles, PM10 and PM2.5, are also confirmed by results obtained in a number of research that concentrates on peculiarities of effects produced by the examined chemical factors on respiratory organs diseases in children. Conclusions. Children living on a territory exposed to the exposure exerted by an enterprise that produces metallurgic aluminum have a chronic aerogenic risk for respiratory organs diseases; this risk becomes apparent due to the elevated morbidity rate of respiratory organs diseases. This risk is proved to be related to impacts exerted by suspended substances and fine-dispersed fractions of PM10 and PM2.5, nitrogen oxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, manganese, nickel, and copper.
8

Lazic, Sava, Tamas Petrovic, Ivan Pusic, and Maja Velhner. "Most frequent calf diseases in industrial breeding." Veterinarski glasnik 58, no. 1-2 (2004): 67–76. http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/vetgl0402067l.

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It is possible to conduct an analysis of the incidence of viral diseases in calves if these diseases are divided into two basic groups. One group comprises diseases of respiratory organs which are manifested by symptoms of a respiratory syndrome, and the second group comprises diseases of digestive tract organs in the form of a gastrointestinal syndrome. It is considered that viruses have the dominant role in the complex etiology of the respiratory syndrome, primarily the IBR virus or the Bovine Herpes Virus-1 (BHV-1), followed by the parainfluenza 3 virus (RSV), the Bovine Viral Diahrrea Virus (BVDV), the bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV), but also other viruses, such as adenoviruses, rhinoviruses, coronaviruses, can also influence the appearance of the respiratory syndrome. The respiratory syndrome is rarely caused by a single viral agent, but most frequently by mixed viruses, but also by bacterial infections. Mixed viral infections often have a lethal outcome. Investigations of the etiology of the gastrointestinal syndrome so far indicate that, in addition to bacteria, viruses can also be a significant etiological factor. Rotaviruses, coronaviruses, adenoviruses parvoviruses, herpesviruses (the IBR virus), pestiviruses (BVDV), can be the causes of a gastrointestinal syndrome. It is believed that viruses can be the cause in about 10% cases in the ethiopathogenesis of this syndrome. The paper describes the etiopathogenesis of calf diseases of viral etiology which are most often found in the local conditions of industrial breeding of calves.
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Garipova, R. V., and Z. M. Berkheeva. "Occupational pathology of respiratory organs in health care workers: issues of timely diagnosis." Russian Journal of Occupational Health and Industrial Ecology, no. 2 (February 2020): 89–92. http://dx.doi.org/10.31089/1026-9428-2020-60-2-89-92.

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Introduction. In the structure of occupational diseases of medical workers, respiratory pathology occupies a leading place, accounting for 60% in the Republic of Tatarstan. The most common are diseases from exposure to infectious agents in the form of various forms of respiratory tuberculosis. Most often, an infiltrative form is diagnosed, accompanied in 48.6% of cases by bacilli discharge.The aim of the study is to explore the structure of occupational respiratory diseases in workers of the healthcare industry of the Republic of Tatarstan, to identify factors that affect their early diagnosis during medical examinations.Materials and methods. A retrospective analysis of cases of occupational respiratory diseases in health care workers according to the office of Rospotrebnadzor of the Republic of Tatarstan and the register of patients of the Republican Center of Occupational Pathology.Results. In the structure of occupational diseases of the respiratory system, the leading place is occupied by pulmonary tuberculosis, amounting to 86%, followed by bronchial asthma–8%, chronic toxic bronchitis–4% and subatrophic rhinopharyngolaryngitis–2%. Analysis of cases of occupational respiratory pathology showed that only tuberculosis was detected during periodic medical examinations. Other respiratory diseases were diagnosed by applying for medical care, when there was a pronounced negative trend and when the disease was initially associated with the profession, we had to talk about sending it to the Bureau of medical and social expertise.Conclusions. Early diagnosis of occupational respiratory diseases of allergic etiology and toxic respiratory lesions in medical workers at periodic medical examinations can be achieved by the quality of a special assessment of working conditions due to the mandatory assessment of the chemical factor-contact with allergens, antitumor drugs, hormones, enzymes of microbial origin, narcotic analgesics, regardless of the concentration of harmful substances in the air of the working area. It is also necessary to take into account the presence of substances with an acute irritant effect.
10

Mortaz, Esmaeil, Ian M. Adcock, Gert Folkerts, Peter J. Barnes, Arjan Paul Vos, and Johan Garssen. "Probiotics in the Management of Lung Diseases." Mediators of Inflammation 2013 (2013): 1–10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/751068.

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The physiology and pathology of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts are closely related. This similarity between the two organs may underlie why dysfunction in one organ may induce illness in the other. For example, smoking is a major risk factor for COPD and IBD and increases the risk of developing Crohn’s disease. Probiotics have been defined as “live microorganisms which, when administered in adequate amounts, confer health benefits on the host.” In model systems probiotics regulate innate and inflammatory immune responses. Commonly used probiotics include lactic acid bacteria, particularlyLactobacillus,Bifidobacterium, andSaccharomyces, and these are often used as dietary supplements to provide a health benefit in gastrointestinal diseases including infections, inflammatory bowel disease, and colon cancer. In this respect, probiotics probably act as immunomodulatory agents and activators of host defence pathways which suggest that they could influence disease severity and incidence at sites distal to the gut. There is increasing evidence that orally delivered probiotics are able to regulate immune responses in the respiratory system. This review provides an overview of the possible role of probiotics and their mechanisms of action in the prevention and treatment of respiratory diseases.

Дисертації з теми "Respiratory organs Diseases":

1

Reynolds, Paul N. "The role of tachykinins in airway inflammation and bronchial hyper-responsiveness /." Title page, contents and abstract only, 1999. http://web4.library.adelaide.edu.au/theses/09PH/09phr464.pdf.

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2

Zhao, Hanjun, and 赵旵军. "A study of antiviral peptides with broad activity against respiratory viruses." PG_Thesis, The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong), 2013. http://hdl.handle.net/10722/205838.

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A safe, potent and broad-spectrum antiviral is urgently needed to combat emerging viral respiratory diseases such as avian influenza H5N1 and H7N9, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS). Previous studies carried out by PhD students in our lab found that mouse β-defenisn 4 (mBD4) shows highly antiviral activity in vitro. However, the recombinant mBD4 (rmBD4) expressed by E.coli is limited to very small scale of production and is very expensive. Thus, in this study, we firstly screened 16 short peptides derived from mBD4 and other mouse and human β-defensins for identifying their antiviral effects. One short peptide P9 (30 amino acids), derived from mBD4, exhibited potent and broad-spectrum antiviral effects against multiple respiratory viruses, including influenza A viruses H1N1, H3N2, H5N1, H7N7 and H7N9, SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV)and MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV). This P9 showed very high selectivity index (970), which was higher than that of the full-length peptide of synthetic mBD4 (smBD4) and rmBD4 in vitro. Secondly, the prophylactic and therapeutic effects of P9 against the infection of H1N1 virus were further detected in animal model. The survival rate of P9-pretreated mice challenged by lethal dose of H1N1 virus was 100%. The therapeutic effects of P9 protecting mice from lethal challenge of H1N1 virus were also statistically significant. The survival rate of mice could reach up to 67% by intranasal inoculation and 56% by intraperitoneal injection, respectively. To investigate the antiviral mechanism, we firstly elucidated that P9 could inhibit viral infection but not viral replication or release. Secondly, we detected whether P9 inhibited viral infection by binding to the surface of target cells or viral particles. The results showed that P9 only bound to viral particles but not to the cell surface. It was further identified that P9 bound to viral surface glycoprotein HA but not NA. Thirdly, we demonstrated that P9 did not inhibit virus binding to its receptor and block the virus entry into cells by endocytosis. Instead, P9 inhibited the acidification in late endosomes and thusP9 blocked virus-membrane fusion and subsequent viral disassembly and viral RNA release. Finally, we elucidated that the antiviral activity of P9 was attributed to its high binding affinity to viral HA and the abundance of basic amino acids in its composition. In this study, we have demonstrated that a short peptide P9, which is derived from mBD4, showed potent antiviral activity against multiple respiratory viruses. This peptide can be developed to a new promising prophylactic and therapeutic agent with broad-spectrum antiviral activity and low possibility to cause drug resistance. Moreover, this study has also revealed a novel antiviral mechanism for P9 and paved a path for the development of new antiviral agents with broad-spectrum antiviral activity against emerging respiratory viruses, such as avian influenza H5N1 and H7N9, as well as SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV.
published_or_final_version
Microbiology
Doctoral
Doctor of Philosophy
3

Yip, Ming-shum, and 葉名琛. "Immune responses of human respiratory epithelial cells to respiratory syncytial virus and human metapneumovirus." PG_Thesis, The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong), 2007. http://hub.hku.hk/bib/B3955725X.

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Chaturvedi, Rakesh K. "Reasoning about therapeutic and patient management plans in respiratory medicine by physicians & medical students." Electronic Thesis or Diss., McGill University, 1994. http://digitool.Library.McGill.CA:80/R/?func=dbin-jump-full&object_id=41562.

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Recently, there has been extensive research in the area of diagnostic expertise. The model of diagnostic reasoning and clinical expertise has been well documented (Patel et al., in press). This study attempts to extend this research in order to include therapeutic reasoning. Using the expert-novice paradigm, this study attempts to investigate the use of knowledge, specifically, both biomedical and clinical sciences, and the directionality of reasoning during decision making about patient management and therapeutic planning in respiratory medicine.
Subjects at four levels of expertise were given two clinical problems with the diagnosis and asked (a) to provide therapeutic plans, and (b) describe the underlying pathophysiological explanations of the diseases. Think-aloud protocols were audio-taped and analyzed using methods of protocol analysis. The results showed that the use of basic medical sciences increased as a function of expertise in the procedure-oriented decision-making tasks. The novices generated rule-based prototypical textbook descriptions based on the clinical information, and the diagnosis given in the task. In contrast, the experts' therapeutic responses showed a predominance of causal-level inferences, reflecting more backward-directed inferences than novices. Although both the novices and experts generated forward-directed inferences, the novices were unable to provide accurate and adequate explanations for their decisions. Finally, the pathophysiological explanations of the disease were generated from a different knowledge source than that used to develop therapeutic decisions.
The implications of these findings for development of theory of expertise and for education in the medical domain are discussed.
5

Paudyal, Priyamvada. "Respiratory symptoms and lung function in relation to cotton dust and endotoxin exposure in textile workers in Nepal." Electronic Thesis or Diss., University of Aberdeen, 2011. http://digitool.abdn.ac.uk:80/webclient/DeliveryManager?pid=166944.

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Background: Cotton workers are highly exposed to organic dust. Inhalation of cotton based particulate has been associated with various respiratory symptoms and impaired lung function. This study investigates the respiratory health profile of textile mill workers in Nepal in relation to dust and endotoxin exposure. Methods: This study was conducted in four sectors (garment, carpet, weaving and recycling) of the textile industry in Kathmandu, Nepal. A total of 938 individuals completed a health questionnaire and performed spirometry. A subset of 384 workers performed cross-shift spirometry. Personal exposure to inhalable dust and airborne endotoxin was measured during a full-shift for a 114 workers. Results: Geometric mean concentrations of personal exposure to cotton dust and endotoxin were 0.81 mg/m3 and 2160 EU/m3 respectively. Overall prevalence of persistent cough, persistent phlegm, wheeze, breathlessness and chest tightness were 8.5%, 12.5%, 3.2%, 6.5%and 3.6% respectively. Symptoms were most common among the recyclers and less in the garment sector. Exposure to inhalable dust significantly predicted the symptoms of persistent cough and chest tightness. Significant cross-shift reduction in FEV1, FVC, and FEF25_75 were measured in the textile workers (p<0.001 for all); reductions being greater in the recyclers (-143 ml) and smallest in the garment workers (-38 ml) (p=0.012). Cross-shift reduction in FEV1 was significantly predicated by exposure to inhalable dust. Exposure to endotoxin did not correlate with any of the respiratory symptoms nor to lung function. Conclusion: The measured association between exposure to inhalable dust and reporting of respiratory symptoms and lung function suggests that despite high levels of endotoxin exposures, inhalable dust is the driver for these effects and attention should turn to what might be the toxic component in this dust other than endotoxin.
6

Wai, Chi-wan, and 衛至韻. "Development of shell vial culture assay for the rapid diagnosis of respiratory viruses using the human colorectal adenocarcinoma (CaCo2) cells." PG_Thesis, The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong), 2013. http://hdl.handle.net/10722/193551.

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Background: Respiratory diseases are common worldwide, which are caused by various respiratory viruses. As symptoms caused by these viruses are similar, laboratory diagnosis is essential to distinguish the virus. Conventionally, respiratory viruses are isolated by cell culture with a panel of cell lines. However, handling of several cell lines is labour intensive, and the turnaround time of conventional culture is long. In previous study, the use of human colon adeno-carcinoma (Caco-2) in conventional culture was investigated. The study has proven that Caco-2 is generally susceptible to the eight common respiratory viruses, i.e. Adenovirus, Influenza A and B, Respiratory Syncytial virus, Parainfluenza virus 1, 2,3 and 4. As turnaround time of conventional culture is long; therefore, in this study, rapid shell vial culture using Caco-2 cells were evaluated. Moreover, the application of Caco-2 shell vial culture on recovering human metapneumovirus (hMPV) was also investigated. Materials and methods: This study consisted of four stages. First, recovery of viruses by conventional culture and shell vial culture of Caco-2 were compared. Specimens were added to conventional culture and shell vial simultaneously. For conventional culture, formation of CPE was examined daily and IF staining was performed when CPE was indicated; meanwhile, shell vial culture were incubated for seven days and stained with IF to detect infected cells. In stage two, the effect of incubating shell vial culture in rolling drum was investigated. Shell vials inoculated with the same specimen in duplicate were incubated in rolling drum and without rolling drum simultaneously. IF staining was performed in day 2, and results were obtained. For those which are IF negative in day 2, second shell vial was further incubated to seven days before harvest. In the next stage, a large batch of samples was used to evaluate on the use of Caco-2 shell vial culture in day 2 and day 7. Lastly, Caco-2 shell vial and conventional culture and LLC-MK2 conventional culture were tested for isolation of hMPV. Results: Compared to Caco-2 conventional culture, recovery rate of shell vial culture was elevated slightly. When experimenting on the effect of incubation in rolling drum, results showed that recovery rate was raised in shell vial with rolling drum in day 2, moreover, the percentage of positive cells were increased significantly (p value < 0.05). Furthermore, in the evaluation of Caco-2 shell vial in day 2 and day 7, 75% of samples were isolated in day 2 while 85% were recovered in day 7. Lastly, in the investigation on recovery of hMPV, 53%, 42% and 17% hMPV positive cases were isolated by Caco-2 shell vial, Caco-2 conventional culture and LLC-MK2 conventional culture respectively. Conclusion: First, although recovery rate by shell vial and conventional culture were similar, turnaround time was reduced from a week to a few days by shell vial culture. Therefore, Caco-2 shell vial culture is a more efficient than Caco-2 conventional culture in isolating respiratory viruses. The study also showed that incubation of shell vial in rolling drum able to increase the number of positive cells. Furthermore, in this study, Caco-2 cells were also shown to be more efficient in isolating hMPV when compare to LLC-MK2 cells.
published_or_final_version
Microbiology
Master
Master of Medical Sciences
7

岑海音 and Hoi-yum Irma Shum. "Interactions of pseudomonas aeruginosa toxins with respiratory mucosa in vitro." PG_Thesis, The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong), 2003. http://hub.hku.hk/bib/B31244725.

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8

Soh, Kim Lam. "Knowledge about nosocomial pneumonia prevention among critical care nurses in New Zealand a thesis presented in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Master of Health Science, Auckland University of Technology, September 2003 /." Electronic books, Full thesis. Abstract, 2003. http://puka2.aut.ac.nz/ait/theses/SohK.pdf.

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Thesis (MHSc--Health Science) -- Auckland University of Technology, 2003.
Appendix B not included in e-thesis. Also held in print (128 leaves, 30 cm.) in Akoranga Theses Collection. (T 610.7361 SOH)
9

胡慧明 and Huie-ming Hou. "Long-term study of sleep apnoea patients treated with MAD." PG_Thesis, The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong), 2005. http://hub.hku.hk/bib/B45012222.

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10

Lee, Kathleen F. "Clinical competencies required for graduates of an entry-level associate degree respiratory care program to practice competently." Virtual Press, 2002. http://liblink.bsu.edu/uhtbin/catkey/1247887.

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The purpose of this study was to identify the complete scope, cognitive, affective and psychomotor, of clinical competencies required for the successful practice by entry-level associate degree respiratory care graduates entering the workforce. The study was conducted using a Delphi technique. American Association for Respiratory Care House of Delegates nominated a panel of experts to participate in the study. A total of 55 individuals were nominated and 21 agree to participate in the study. The individuals represented both college-based educators and hospital managers and educators. The initial questionnaire requested that each panel member list those cognitive, affective and psychomotor clinical competencies that they believed to be required for successful entrylevel practice. The responses from the first round were grouped into like categories and returned to the panel members to be rated on a four-point scale during the second and third rounds of the study. Consensus was achieved with the third round resulting in a final list of 26 cognitive, 20 affective and 28 psychomotor clinical competencies. The final list of competencies includes the most basic cognitive and psychomotor skills of the profession and did not include many of the areas listed by the National Board for Respiratory Care exam matrix. The study also lists 20 affective attributes as essential for successful practice. There are no current standardized methods in use to evaluate affective skills. Research will need to continue to clarify the skills needed for competent and successful entry-level practice.
Department of Educational Studies

Книги з теми "Respiratory organs Diseases":

1

Johnson, N. Mcl. Respiratory medicine. 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific Publicatrions, 1990.

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2

Rush, Bonnie. Equine respiratory diseases. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science, 2004.

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3

Gray, Peter. Respiratory disease. London: Allen, 1994.

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4

Wagener, Luke. Respiratory diseases: Causes, treatment, and prevention. Hauppauge, N.Y: Nova Science Publishers, 2011.

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5

Tattersfield, Anne E. Respiratory disease. London: Springer-Verlag, 1987.

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6

National, Heart Lung and Blood Institute Division of Lung Diseases. Respiratory failure. [Bethesda, Md.?]: The Division, 1995.

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7

Boyda, Ellen K. Respiratory problems. Oradell, N.J: Medical Economics Books, 1985.

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Westra, Bonnie. Respiratory problems. Springhouse, Pa: Springhouse Corp., 1987.

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Cade, J. F. Essentials of respiratory medicine. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific, 1988.

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Johnson, Norman McI. Respiratory medicine. 2nd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Scientific, 1990.

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Частини книг з теми "Respiratory organs Diseases":

1

Marchuk, Guri I. "Viral And Bacterial Infections of Respiratory Organs." In Mathematical Modelling of Immune Response in Infectious Diseases, 269–89. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 1997. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-8798-3_9.

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2

Peghin, Maddalena, and Lara Danziger-Isakov. "Prevention and Treatment of Respiratory Virus Infection." In Infectious Diseases in Solid-Organ Transplant Recipients, 107–29. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-15394-6_9.

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3

Caplan-Shaw, Caralee, and Joan Reibman. "Persistent Lower Respiratory Symptoms in the World Trade Center (WTC) Survivor Program, a Treatment Program for Community Members." In World Trade Center Pulmonary Diseases and Multi-Organ System Manifestations, 47–62. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-59372-2_4.

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4

van Schooten, F. J., A. W. Boots, A. Smolinska, and J. W. Dallinga. "Volatile Organic Compounds as Exhaled Biomarkers of Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Respiratory Diseases." In Oxidative Stress in Applied Basic Research and Clinical Practice, 67–84. New York, NY: Springer New York, 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-0497-6_4.

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5

Dietz, Andreas. "The Surgical Approach to Elderly Patients with HNSCC." In Critical Issues in Head and Neck Oncology, 111–18. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2021. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-63234-2_8.

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AbstractDespite the fact that elderly people are the main incidental and continuously growing patient group with head and neck cancer, prospective trials focusing on special issues regarding head and neck surgery in elderlies are missing. To avoid complications during and after surgery in that patient category, comprehensive evaluation of functional status, comorbidities, performance status, social support and mental condition is mandatory. Regarding functional parameters, cardiac and respiratory conditions play a major role for any primary surgical procedure. Nevertheless, other comorbidities, medication and patients view on self-determination have carefully to be taken into consideration. It has repeatedly been shown that fit elderly individuals may benefit from intensive therapies like reconstructive surgery with microvascular free tissue transfer, concurrent chemoradiotherapy in the locoregionally advanced disease setting, and even from the standard first- and second-line palliative systemic therapies. Since it is well known that tolerance of systemic nonsurgical treatments in elderly people is less and therefore death from noncancer-related causes in that population is higher, moderate surgical procedures can be even more effective regarding quality of life in situations facing higher comorbidities, or functional constraints with limited life expectancy compared to nonsurgical standard approaches. Older people usually are at increased risk of postoperative complications. In particular, organ failure progresses much faster in multiple organ failure. The preoperative clarification of comorbidity for the avoidance of surgical complications is therefore of major importance. Close coordination with anesthesia and rapid postoperative mobilization are essential for this. Decision-making and treatment based on specific assessment in an experienced multidisciplinary team is key.
6

TIDY, NOËL M. "DISEASES OF THE RESPIRATORY ORGANS." In Massage and Remedial Exercises, 342–72. Elsevier, 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/b978-1-4831-9740-1.50026-6.

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7

Gibson, G. J. "Respiratory function tests." In Oxford Textbook of Medicine, edited by Pallav L. Shah, 3956–70. Oxford University Press, 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780198746690.003.0399.

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Respiratory function tests are used in diagnosis, assessment, and prognosis and in monitoring the effects of treatment of various respiratory conditions. In the diagnosis of specific diseases, respiratory function tests—like functional tests of other organs—inevitably have limitations. Their use as a diagnostic tool is in recognizing patterns of abnormality which characterize particular types of disease; more often they are used to quantify the severity of functional disturbance or to locate the likely anatomical site(s) of disease (airways, alveoli, or chest wall). The commonly applied tests are most conveniently classified as (1) tests of respiratory mechanics, (2) carbon monoxide uptake, (3) arterial blood gases and acid–base balance, and (4) exercise.
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Naser Moghadasi, Abdorreza. "Psychological Aspects of Neuroinflammatory Disorders in COVID-19 Era." In Anxiety, Uncertainty, and Resilience During the Pandemic Period - Anthropological and Psychological Perspectives [Working Title]. IntechOpen, 2021. http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.97629.

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Although the COVID-19 pandemic was initially manifested as a contagious respiratory infection, its other aspects quickly became apparent. Accordingly, the disease could affect various organs such as skin, digestive system, and the central nervous system. Apart from these diverse manifestations, it was rapidly cleared that the virus could potentially play a role in causing a wide range of autoimmune diseases. Moreover, various anthropological aspects of COVID-19 and its effects on human life were considered. In this regard, one of the important issues is its psychological effects, not only on the population of healthy people, but also on people suffering from underlying diseases. Inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system are included as one group of these diseases. Since these diseases can cause many psychological problems in patients, it is very important to pay attention to them during the COVID-19 pandemic. In the following section, the psychological aspects of COVID-19 in patients with neuroinflammatory diseases are described.
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Cui, Wanting, Manuel Cabrera, and Joseph Finkelstein. "Latent COVID-19 Clusters in Patients with Chronic Respiratory Conditions." In Studies in Health Technology and Informatics. IOS Press, 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/shti200689.

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The goal of this paper was to apply unsupervised machine learning techniques towards the discovery of latent COVID-19 clusters in patients with chronic lower respiratory diseases (CLRD). Patients who underwent testing for SARS-CoV-2 were identified from electronic medical records. The analytical dataset comprised 2,328 CLRD patients of whom 1,029 were tested COVID-19 positive. We used the factor analysis for mixed data method for preprocessing. It performed principle component analysis on numeric values and multiple correspondence analysis on categorical values which helped convert categorical data into numeric. Cluster analysis was an effective means to both distinguish subgroups of CLRD patients with COVID-19 as well as identify patient clusters which were adversely affected by the infection. Age, comorbidity index and race were important factors for cluster separations. Furthermore, diseases of the circulatory system, the nervous system and sense organs, digestive system, genitourinary system, metabolic diseases and immunity disorders were also important criteria in the resulting cluster analyses.
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Echchakery, Mohamed, Souad El Mouahid, Soraia El Baz, Maryam Mountassir, Ahmed Taoufik Hakkoum, Raymond Klevor, Ansumana Mohammed Keita, et al. "Symptomatology and Clinical Features of Human COVID-19." In Handbook of Research on Pathophysiology and Strategies for the Management of COVID-19, 28–57. IGI Global, 2022. http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-7998-8225-1.ch003.

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Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the causative agent of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which was identified at the end of December 2019 in China. Symptoms of COVID-19 can appear after an incubation phase of the virus of 2 to 14 days, the most common being fever, cough, and asthenia. Other specific symptoms may include shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, muscle pain, sore throat, chills, loss of smell or sensation, chest pain, headache, nausea, rash, diarrhea, and vomiting. The severity of these symptoms can be mild or even extreme causing serious damage to several organs, directly and indirectly, namely pulmonary, renal, hepatic, cardiac, digestive, neurological. Some people have only mild symptoms, while others are asymptomatic. Seniors or those at risk for certain chronic diseases, such as massive obesity, diabetes, heart disease, lung disease, kidney disease, immune system abnormalities, and liver disease are more susceptible to COVID-19 and can develop more serious and fatal complications.

Тези доповідей конференцій з теми "Respiratory organs Diseases":

1

Evseeva, G., E. Knizhnikova, R. Telepneva, N. Kuderova, S. V. Suprun, E. Suprun, V. Kozlov, and O. Lebed'ko. "Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Chronic Diseases of the Respiratory Organs." In American Thoracic Society 2021 International Conference, May 14-19, 2021 - San Diego, CA. American Thoracic Society, 2021. http://dx.doi.org/10.1164/ajrccm-conference.2021.203.1_meetingabstracts.a3453.

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Крумкачева А.Ю., Крумкачева А. Ю. "State of respiratory system and peripheral musculature in patients with dust diseases of respiratory organs." In The second international youth Forum "OCCUPATION AND HEALTH". PT "ARIAL", 2018. http://dx.doi.org/10.31089/978-5-907032-51-4-2018-1-141-148.

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Yustinawati, Ratna, and Anhari Achadi. "Risk Factors for Mortality in Patients with Covid-19: A Systematic Review." In The 7th International Conference on Public Health 2020. Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.01.26.

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ABSTRACT Background: SARS-CoV-2, a new strain of the coronavirus, caused a global outbreak of fatal acute pneumonia. Globally, WHO has recorded 709,511 deaths from COVID-19, and the number is increasing. This study aimed to determine the risk factors for mortality in COVID-19 patients. Subjects and Method: A systematic review was conducted by searching for articles from ScienceDirect, PubMed, SpringerLink, Scopus, and Google Scholar databases. The inclusion criteria were open access, English-language, and full-text articles published in journals between 20019 and 2020. The keywords were (Coronavirus Disease 2019 AND clinical characteristics AND epidemiological characteristics AND comorbidities) OR (COVID-19 AND clinical characteristics AND epidemiological characteristics AND comorbidities). A total of eight articles was reviewed to answer the research question. The data were analyzed by PRISMA flow chart. Results: Based on the reports from China and Korea, a total of 1,314 (100%) COVID-19 patients who died was aged ≥60 years with comorbidity, in which 845 (64%) were male patients. Before the death of patients, the increase D-dimer level of ≥1 μg/ mL and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score of ≥4 were reported. It indicated the occurrence of multi-organ failure and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS). Most of the comorbidities were hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular diseases. Conclusion: Risk factors for mortality in COVID-19 patients include age at ≥60 years, male, and presence of comorbidity. The clinical features are D-dimer levels ≥1 μg / mL, high SOFA score (≥4), and ARDS. Comprehensive efforts are needed to identify risk factors early and conduct effective treatment timely to reduce the mortality of COVID-19 patients. Keywords: SARS-CoV-2, COVID-19, risk factors, mortality, comorbidity Correspondence: Ratna Yustinawati. Master of Public Health Program, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, West Java, Indonesia. Email: ratnayustinawati@gmail.com. Mobile: +628179324304. DOI: https://doi.org/10.26911/the7thicph.01.26
4

Borovetz, Harvey S. "Design of Cardiopulmonary Assist Devices for Adult and Pediatric Patients: The Contribution of Robert Eberhart." In ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/sbc2013-14157.

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Beginning in 1976 the University of Pittsburgh (UoP), initially through its Department of Surgery and later including the Swanson School of Engineering and McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine, has been actively engaged in the design and clinical utilization of cardiopulmonary assist devices for adult and pediatric patients. In launching these initiatives, the focus was on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) applied primarily to infants with respiratory distress, congenital and/or acquired cardiac disease. A leader in these early days of ECMO was Professor Robert Eberhart, who not only detailed the underlying bio-transport principles or oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange in ECMO devices, but who also participated in the early clinical utilization of ECMO. Professor Eberhart presented his path-finding results on an annual basis at the national meetings of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs (ASAIO) with publication in Transactions ASAIO [1–3].

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