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Статті в журналах з теми "Architecture and energy conservation South Australia":

1
Raxworthy, Julian. "Making Landscape Architecture in Australia." Landscape Journal 35, no. 1 (January 2016): 127–30. http://dx.doi.org/10.3368/lj.35.1.127.
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2
New, T. R., A. L. Yen, D. P. A. Sands, P. Greenslade, P. J. Neville, A. York, and N. G. Collett. "Planned fires and invertebrate conservation in south east Australia." Journal of Insect Conservation 14, no. 5 (March 2010): 567–74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10841-010-9284-4.
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3
Marks, Robert E. "Australian Energy Policy and Conservation." Energy Exploration & Exploitation 7, no. 1 (February 1989): 37–50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/014459878900700103.
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The Publication in April 1988 of the document, Energy 2000: A National Energy Policy, was a landmark, since this was the first clear statement of the Australian Government's energy policy. Previously, Federal Governments had been content to tax domestic crude oil production to the level of the world oil price – so-called import parity pricing – at some benefit to the Revenue, with few other initiatives. After outlining the importance to Australia of the energy sector, this paper examines critically the elements of energy policy as stated in the document, with particular emphasis on policies for energy conservation, in some aspects of which Australia lags behind other industrialised countries. The paper concludes with some suggestions for changes to the stated policies.
4
Morrison, David A., Rodney T. Buckney, Belinda J. Bewick, and Geoffrey J. Cary. "Conservation conflicts over burning bush in south-eastern Australia." Biological Conservation 76, no. 2 (1996): 167–75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0006-3207(95)00098-4.
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5
Peterson, Ann, Clive A. Mcalpine, Doug Ward, and Suzanne Rayner. "New regionalism and nature conservation: Lessons from South East Queensland, Australia." Landscape and Urban Planning 82, no. 3 (September 2007): 132–44. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.02.003.
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6
Michael, Damian R., David B. Lindenmayer, Mason Crane, Christopher MacGregor, Rebecca Montague-Drake, and Lachlan McBurney. "Reptilia, Murray catchment, New South Wales, south-eastern Australia." Check List 7, no. 1 (January 2011): 025. http://dx.doi.org/10.15560/7.1.25.
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Two large-scale, long-term biodiversity monitoring programs examining vertebrate responses to habitat fragmentation and landscape change in agricultural landscapes are taking place in the Murray Catchment Management Area of New South Wales, south-eastern Australia. Field surveys involve counting reptiles under a range of management conditions and across a broad range of vegetation types in two bioregions, the South-western Slopes of New South Wales and the Riverina. We list reptiles recorded during surveys conducted between 2002 and 2009. We include additional species recorded between 1997 and 2009 from a conservation reserve. Thirty-nine species from nine families were recorded. The list will be useful for workers interested in reptile zoogeographical distributions and habitat associations as well as those interested in the biodiversity value of remnant vegetation and tree plantings in fragmented agricultural landscapes.
7
Ainurzaman Jamaludin, Adi, Noor Zalina Mahmood, Nila Keumala, Ati Rosemary Mohd Ariffin, and Hazreena Hussein. "Energy audit and prospective energy conservation." Facilities 31, no. 3/4 (February 2013): 158–73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/02632771311299430.
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Harris, CR. "Mound Springs: South Australian Conservation Initiatives." Rangeland Journal 14, no. 2 (1992): 157. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/rj9920157.
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The mound springs of inland Australia are of outstanding scientific and cultural importance. Natural outlets for the waters of the Great Artesian Basin, they are found mostly on or near its margins. The most numerous and active are in the far north of South Australia. Parts of westem Queensland still have active springs, but almost all in north-westem New South Wales are now extinct, presumably because of aquifer draw-down in the wake of bore sinking. As permanent sources of potable water in a desert environment they have been a focus for human activity over many years. Aboriginal occupation has been documented to at least 5000 years BP and almost all the springs are rich in archaeological material and mythological associations. Since European settlement they have been of strategic importance in exploration and in the location of pastoral stations, the Overland Telegraph and the old Ghan narrow gauge railway from Marree to Oodnadatta. Biologically, they represent unusually specialised aquatic habitats, the discontinuity being analogous to islands and the isolation just as great for species with limited dispersal abilities. The result is an assemblage of plants and animals of evolutionary, biogeographic and ecological interest, with many endemic and relict species. Heavily degraded by aquifer draw-down and over a century of pastoralism, the springs were given little attention until relatively recently. In the past decade two key areas have been acquired for the national parks system and ten important springs on pastoral country outside of the parks have been fenced. Important research has also been carried out, with a particular focus on the endemic elements of the invertebrate fauna. These are positive achievements, but the remoteness of the localities where the springs occur presents a continuing difficulty for on-going conservation and management programs.
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Fforde, Cressida. "From edinburgh university to the ngarrindjeri nation, south australia." Museum International 61, no. 1-2 (May 2009): 41–47. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0033.2009.01673.x.
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Robinson, A. C., C. M. Kemper, G. C. Medlin, and C. H. S. Watts. "The rodents of South Australia." Wildlife Research 27, no. 4 (2000): 379. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/wr97044.
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Thirty species of rodents are recorded from South Australia. At the time of European settlement, the State probably supported at least 19 species of native rodents. Eight additional species have been recorded only in subfossil material. At least 11 species are now considered to be extinct and there have been significant declines in all the other species as a result of over 150 years of European influence. In addition, three species have been introduced to the State since European settlement. Over the last ten years, there has been a significant increase in our understanding of the distribution and ecology of what remains of the rodent fauna through a series of systematic, site-based biological surveys, a significant increase in research on subfossil and owl pellet remains, documentation of Aboriginal ecological knowledge and ecological and distributional studies on three species. This paper describes our current state of knowledge of the distribution, ecology and threats to the South Australian rodent fauna and makes suggestions for future research and conservation management.

Дисертації з теми "Architecture and energy conservation South Australia":

1
Bosko, Kristie L. (Kristie Lee). "Metered energy consumption and analysis of energy conservation techniques in desktop PCs and workstations." Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1996. http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/64535.
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Thesis (M.S.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Architecture, 1996.
Includes bibliographical references (p. 99-100).
This thesis investigates potential energy savings due to the application of power managed PCS, monitors, and workstations. The basis of this effort includes electric metering of such equipment at six preliminary and one primary location, a large business office in Boston, Massachusetts. Metering there occurred over an 8 week period, using an in-line metering device, and at a resolution of one minute intervals. The results of this study show that many problems exist in the field today which prevent any energy savings from being realized. These include both software and hardware incompatibilities. It was found that either the equipment was not enabled from the beginning; that various problems caused inadvertent disabling of the energy saving features, or that lack of knowledge about specific power management techniques caused the user to intentionally disable the features. Since this work began, the EPA's Energy Star Computers and Monitors Program updated their requirements such that energy saving features are now enabled when they are shipped from the manufacturer. All computers tested in this investigation were installed before the application of this condition, which was October 1, 1995. However, many problems exist other than those remedied by this requirement, including: computers which disengage from the network environment upon entering the lowest power management levels, various software incompatibilities, problematic methods of achieving power reduction, and little to no training of users or even prior negative experiences with power managed equipment There is a need for manufacturers to develop suitable or standard methods of achieving power management In addition, computer procurement employees or users must be taught about power management methods, and must have an opportunity to voice questions or concerns to manufacturers regarding power managed equipment. More research needs to be focused on network incompatibilities. Specifically, many computers are disconnected from their network upon engaging the lowest power level. This is due to either unacceptable power management methods or "stand-alone" power manageable computers which are placed on a network. Users purchasing computers intended for network use should be informed about whether the energy saving features are compatible with their type of network. This thesis is divided into two parts, the first for PCs and the second for workstations. The primary metering site for workstations was the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, which contains both Energy Star compliant and non-compliant machines. Opportunities for energy conservation in workstations are compared and contrasted to those of desktop PCs and monitors. In addition, current and future trends in workstation manufacturing and their impacts on energy conservation are explored.
by Kristie L. Bosko.
M.S.
2
Sullivan, Gregory Patrick. "Energy conservation and thermal comfort in buildings in northern Pakistan." Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1995. http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/70254.
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Thesis (M.S.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Architecture, 1995.
Includes bibliographical references (leaves 158-159).
The Hunza Valley, a remote area of mountainous northern Pakistan, is undergoing rapid change culturally, socially, and architecturally. Many of these changes are linked to the exchange of information and commerce facilitated by the Karakoram Highway. This highway, completed in 1974, has allowed a culture and lifestyle dating back many of hundreds of years to be influenced by lower Pakistan and western cultures. Architecturally, these changes have led to the use of new, non-traditional, building material (concrete block and window glass) and new building designs which are climatically inappropriate and more consistent with the mild climate of lower Pakistan. This study examines these changes from an energy perspective in the homes and schools in and around Karimabad, a central village in the Hunza Valley. To assess baseline energy consumption, recorded indoor and outdoor temperature data for three homes and two schools were analyzed. These data were used with a steady state energy model to assess and compare energy consumption of a traditional and a modem home and assess energy conservation measures and design changes. The results showed a 30 percent reduction in heat loss in the traditional home compared to the modem home. This reduction is mostly due to the higher wall and roof thermal resistance values of the traditional home. Further insulation of the walls in both home types is recommended. In the case of the modem homes adding R-5 of rigid foam insulation is estimated to reduce heat loss by 46 percent, over the base case modem home, with a simple payback of 3.8 years. The use of windows is recommended on the south facing facade netting a simple payback of 3.9 years and the use of buried walls (into the north slope) and shared walls (cluster housing) were each estimated to save 17 percent over the standard modem home. Indigenous insulations were researched for use in homes and schools. Sawdust and straw were found to be the most practical and were used with a gluebinder to make 1.5"x 15"x 25" panels. These panels were tested in a flat screen thermal conductivity tester specifically built and calibrated for this study. The measured thermal resistance values were R-2.89/inch (+ /- 9.7 %) for the ...
by Gregory Patrick Sullivan.
M.S.
3
Sutcliffe, Karen Elizabeth. "The conservation status of aquatic insects in south-western Australia." Murdoch University, 2003. http://wwwlib.murdoch.edu.au/adt/browse/view/adt-MU20040430.153605.
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Freshwater ecosystems in south-western Australia have been extensively altered over the last two centuries as a result of human activities. The effect this has had on aquatic fauna, particularly invertebrates, is largely unknown because of inadequate knowledge of the pre-existing fauna. Future changes in the composition of aquatic fauna will also go undetected unless current distributions of existing species are well documented. This thesis addresses the problem by investigating the current distributions and conservation status of aquatic insects in south-western Australia from three orders: Odonata, Plecoptera and Trichoptera. Extensive distributional data was collected by identifying larval specimens from a large number of samples collected throughout the south-west as part of an Australia-wide macroinvertebrate bioassessment project. In addition, a database created from a species-level biological study of the wheatbelt region of Western Australia was utilised, and previously published records of occurrence for species within the south-west were compiled. These results were then used to assess the conservation status of each species using the IUCN red list criteria. Environmental parameters measured at time of sampling were also examined using logistic regression to determine which factors are important in influencing the distributions of aquatic insects in south-western Australia. The conservation value of sites based on Odonata, Plecoptera and Trichoptera compositions was also determined and the degree of protection provided for sites of high conservation value investigated.The high rainfall forested region of the south-west was found to be important for a large number of species, including the majority of those found to be rare and/or restricted. Overall, 37% of species were found to be threatened, with the Trichoptera containing both the greatest number and highest proportion of threatened species. Logistic regression results generally agreed with the distributions obtained for each species, with rainfall and other parameters indicative of streams in the headwaters of forested catchments being positively associated with species found to be restricted to the high rainfall region. Two parameters known to be affected by human disturbance in the south-west, conductivity and nutrient concentrations, were found to be important in determining the occurrence of many species and this could have important consequences for aquatic insect conservation. Widespread species occurring within the low rainfall region of the south-west did not show as many significant relationships to measured environmental parameters, possibly due to their greater ecological tolerances and adaptations which allow them to persist in a low rainfall environment. The implications of results are discussed, and recommendations for the conservation and management of aquatic insects in south-western Australia are given.
4
Sutcliffe, Karen Elizabeth. "The conservation status of aquatic insects in south-western Australia." Sutcliffe, Karen Elizabeth (2003) The conservation status of aquatic insects in south-western Australia. PhD thesis, Murdoch University, 2003. http://researchrepository.murdoch.edu.au/327/.
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Freshwater ecosystems in south-western Australia have been extensively altered over the last two centuries as a result of human activities. The effect this has had on aquatic fauna, particularly invertebrates, is largely unknown because of inadequate knowledge of the pre-existing fauna. Future changes in the composition of aquatic fauna will also go undetected unless current distributions of existing species are well documented. This thesis addresses the problem by investigating the current distributions and conservation status of aquatic insects in south-western Australia from three orders: Odonata, Plecoptera and Trichoptera. Extensive distributional data was collected by identifying larval specimens from a large number of samples collected throughout the south-west as part of an Australia-wide macroinvertebrate bioassessment project. In addition, a database created from a species-level biological study of the wheatbelt region of Western Australia was utilised, and previously published records of occurrence for species within the south-west were compiled. These results were then used to assess the conservation status of each species using the IUCN red list criteria. Environmental parameters measured at time of sampling were also examined using logistic regression to determine which factors are important in influencing the distributions of aquatic insects in south-western Australia. The conservation value of sites based on Odonata, Plecoptera and Trichoptera compositions was also determined and the degree of protection provided for sites of high conservation value investigated. The high rainfall forested region of the south-west was found to be important for a large number of species, including the majority of those found to be rare and/or restricted. Overall, 37% of species were found to be threatened, with the Trichoptera containing both the greatest number and highest proportion of threatened species. Logistic regression results generally agreed with the distributions obtained for each species, with rainfall and other parameters indicative of streams in the headwaters of forested catchments being positively associated with species found to be restricted to the high rainfall region. Two parameters known to be affected by human disturbance in the south-west, conductivity and nutrient concentrations, were found to be important in determining the occurrence of many species and this could have important consequences for aquatic insect conservation. Widespread species occurring within the low rainfall region of the south-west did not show as many significant relationships to measured environmental parameters, possibly due to their greater ecological tolerances and adaptations which allow them to persist in a low rainfall environment. The implications of results are discussed, and recommendations for the conservation and management of aquatic insects in south-western Australia are given.
5
Quintino, Guilherme. "Vernacular architecture in south-western Portugal : a contribution towards sustainable architecture and conservation." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation, Open University, 2002. http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.247046.
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Stigge, Byron J. (Byron John) 1977. "Informed home energy behavior : developing a tool for homeowners to monitor, plan and learn about energy conservation." Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2001. http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/8636.
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7
Hunter, David, and n/a. "Conservation Management of Two Threatened Frog Species in South-Eastern New South Wales, Australia." University of Canberra. Applied Science, 2007. http://erl.canberra.edu.au./public/adt-AUC20081020.142239.
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The decline and extinction of amphibian species over the past three decades is widely acknowledged as one of the greatest biodiversity crises of modem time. Providing convincing data to support hypotheses about these declines has proved difficult, which has greatly restricted the development and implementation of management actions that may prevent further amphibian declines and extinctions from occurring. In this thesis, I present research that was undertaken as part of the recovery programs for the southern corroboree frog (Pseudophryne corroboree), and the Booroolong frog (Litoria booroolongensis); two species that underwent very rapid declines in distribution and abundance during the 1980's. More specifically, I investigated potential causal factors in the declines of both species using experimental and correlative studies, and examined the mechanisms by which one threatening process (chytridiomycosis) may be causing continued decline and extinction in P. corroboree. I also examined the implications of population dynamics for monitoring L. booroolongensis, and suggest a possible monitoring strategy that may reliably facilitate the implementation of recovery objectives for this species. I also tested one possible reintroduction technique aimed at preventing the continued decline and extinction of P. corroboree populations. In Chapters 2 and 3, I present the results from a series of experiments in artificial enclosures designed to examine whether the tadpoles of L. booroolongensis are susceptible to predation by co-occurring introduced predatory fish species; brown trout (Salmo trutta), rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss), European carp (Cyprinus carpio), redfin perch (Percafluviatilis), and mosquito fish (Gambusia holbrooki). I demonstrated that the tadpoles of L. booroolongensis, and a closely related species Litoria lesueuri, were palatable to non-native trout species, but not to two native predatory fish species, Gadopsis bispinosus and Galaxias olidus. A pond breeding frog species included in this experiment, Limnodynastes tasmaniensis, was palatable to both the native and non-native fish species. In a separate experiment I also demonstrated that the tadpole of L. booroolongensis is palatable to the three other introduced fish species examined in this study; C. carpio, P. fluviatilis, and G. holbrooki. In three of the experiments, the provision of rock within enclosures as a potential refuge habitat did not afford protection to L. booroolongensis tadpoles from predation by any of the five introduced fish species examined. While all the introduced fish species tested here did consume L. booroolongensis tadpoles, the results also suggested that chemical unpalatability might afford some level of protection against some of these fish species. Firstly, the addition of alternative prey items in one of the experiments reduced the proportion of tadpoles consumed, suggesting that L. booroolongensis may not be a preferred prey item. Secondly, the proportion of tadpoles consumed varied greatly among the different fish species examined, suggesting differing levels of palatability. Overall, this study supports previous research in suggesting that chemical unpalatability may be an important strategy for the tadpoles of riverine frog species in south-eastern Australia to avoid predation by native fish species, and that this strategy is less effective against introduced fish species. While L. booroolongensis currently persists in streams inhabited by a number of introduced fish species, this study supports the likelihood that these species are having a negative impact on populations of L. booroolongensis in the wild. In Chapter 4, I present the results of a study aimed at examining potential monitoring techniques for L. booroolongensis. The results of a mark-recapture exercise demonstrated that L. booroolongensis may exhibit large fluctuations in abundance from one year to the next, and through a prospective power analysis approach, I demonstrated that it would be difficult to confidently identify population trends of interest using either indices or estimates of abundance for this species. An assessment of the capacity to identify the presence or absence of L. booroolongensis using nighttime spotlight surveys demonstrated the high detectability of this species using this technique, at both the scale of 300-meter sections of stream and individual breeding areas (typically less than 10-meters of stream). This study suggests that the monitoring objectives of the L. booroolongensis recovery program would be most effectively achieved using presence/absence surveys at different scales. In Chapter 5, I present the results of a field survey aimed at determining the current distribution and habitat requirements of L. booroolongensis in the South West Slopes region of New South Wales. Of the 163 sites I surveyed across 49 streams,I located L. booroolongensis along 77 of these sites from 27 streams. Based on population and habitat connectivity, this study identified 18 populations of L. booroolongensis that are likely to be operating as independent populations. Twelve of these populations are not represented in conservation reserves, but rather occur along streams that flow through the agricultural landscape. A broad scale habitat analysis identified a positive relationship between extent of rock structures along the stream and the occurrence of L. booroolongensis, and a negative relationship between the proportion of canopy cover and this species' occurrence. At the breeding habitat scale, this study identified a positive relationship between the presence of breeding males and; number of rock crevices in the aquatic environment, extent of emergent rocks, and proportion pool. This analysis also detected a negative relationship between occupancy and water depth. These results confirm previous work suggesting the importance of rocky stream habitats to the persistence of L. booroolongensis, but also suggest how disturbance processes, such as increasing sedimentation and weed invasion, may reduce the suitability of rocky structures as breeding sites. In Chapter 6, I investigated current levels of amphibian chytrid fungus (Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis) infection in corroboree frog populations, and used retrospective screening of museum specimens to assess the possibility that this pathogen was implicated in the initial decline of the corroboree frogs. Using histology, I did not detect any B. dendrobatidis infections in corroboree frog populations prior to their decline, however using the same technique, moderate levels of infection were detected in post-decline populations of both species. Real-time PCR screening of skin swabs identified much higher overall infection rates in post-decline populations of P. corroboree (between 44% and 59%), while significantly lower rates of infection were observed in P. pengilleyi populations (14%). These results suggest that the initial and continued decline of the corroboree frogs may well be attributed to the emergence of B. dendrobatidis in populations of these species. In Chapter 7, I investigated how B. dendrobatidis may be causing the continued decline of P. corroboree through the presence of an abundant reservoir host for this pathogen. I found that populations of adult C. signifera in sub-alpine bogs carry high B. dendrobatidis infection rates (86%), but appear unaffected by this infection. An experiment involving the release of P. corroboree tadpoles into 15 natural pools resulted in metamorphs from seven of these pools testing positive for B. dendrobatidis, with all these individuals dying soon after metamorphosis. These results support the possibility that B. dendrobatidis infection in P. corroboree populations is being facilitated by the presence of large numbers of infected C. signifera in the shared environment. Chapter 8 presents the results of a population augmentation study for P. corroboree. I investigated the extent to which increasing recruitment to metamorphosis may result in population recovery in this species. This was undertaken by harvesting eggs from the field and rearing them through to mid stage tadpoles over the winter period prior to being released back to their natal ponds in spring. While I was able to increase recruitment to metamorphosis by an average of 20 percent, this did not result in a noticeable influence on the subsequent adult population size, as both manipulated and non-manipulated sites declined over the course of this study by an average of 80 percent. I observed a positive relationship between natural recruitment to a late tadpole stage and subsequent adult male population size, however there was considerable variation associated with this relationship. The relationship between recruitment and subsequent population size at the augmentation sites was consistent with the relationship observed at the non-manipulated sites. These results suggest that recruitment to metamorphosis may not be the most important life stage restricting the population recovery of P. corroboree, but that mortality during post-metamorphic stages may be more important in regulating current population size. Hence, further attempts to use captive rearing to increase P. corroboree populations in the wild should focus on the release of post-metamorphic frogs. Overall, this thesis demonstrates the value of quantitative research to the implementation and progress of threatened species recovery programs. While this research will specifically contribute to the recovery programs for L. booroolongensis and P. corroboree, it more broadly contributes to the understanding and capacity to respond to the concerning levels of amphibian extinctions currently occurring throughout the world.
8
Horsnell, Tara Kathleen. "Quantifying thresholds for native vegetation to salinity and waterlogging for the design of direct conservation approaches." University of Western Australia. School of Environmental Systems Engineering, 2009. http://theses.library.uwa.edu.au/adt-WU2009.0082.
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A field-based project was undertaken to develop and test a mechanism which would allow for the correlation of the health of vegetation surrounding playa lakes in south-west Australia with the natural variation in salinity and waterlogging that occurs spatially and temporally in natural systems. The study was designed to determine threshold ranges of vegetation communities using moderately extensive data over short temporal periods which will guide the design of potential engineering solutions that manipulate hydrological regimes to ultimately conserve and protect native vegetation. A pair of playa lake ecosystems, surrounded by primary production land, was modelled with hydro-geological data collected from March 2006 to March 2007. The data was used to determine the hydroperiods of vegetation communities fringing playa lakes and provide insight into the areas and species that are most affected by extreme rainfall events which are hypothesised to have a significant, rapid deleterious effect on the ecosystems. The methodology was multi-faceted and included; a detailed topographical survey; vegetation surveys; hydrological and hydro-geological monitoring over a 12 month period. 4 The hydro-geological data and vegetation data was linked with the topographical survey at a high resolution for spatial analysis in a Geographic Information System (GIS) to determine the degree of waterlogging experienced by vegetation communities over the monitoring period. The study has found that the spatial and temporal variability of hydroperiods has been reduced by rising groundwater levels, a result of extensive clearing of native vegetation. Consequently populations are becoming extinct locally resulting in a shift in community composition. Extreme summer rainfall events also have a significant impact on the health of vegetation communities by increasing the duration of waterlogging over an annual cycle and in some areas expanding the littoral zone. Vegetation is most degraded at lower positions in the landscape where communities are becoming less diverse and dominated by salt tolerant halophytic species as a result of altered hydrological regimes. Some species appear to be able to tolerate groundwater depths of less than 2.0 m from the surface, however there are thresholds related to the duration at which groundwater is maintained at this depth. Potential engineering solutions include groundwater pumping and diverting water through drains to maintain sustainable hydroperiods for vegetation in areas with conservation value. The effectiveness and efficiency of the engineering solutions can be maximised by quantifying thresholds for vegetation that include sustainable durations of waterlogging. The study has quantified tolerance ranges to salinity and waterlogging with data collected over 12 months but species may be experiencing a transition period where they have 5 sustained irreversible damage that will result in their eventual mortality. With long-term monitoring, the methodology developed and tested in the study can be used to quantify the long-term tolerance ranges that are important for the application of conservation approaches that include engineering solutions.
9
Jeter, Teresa M. "A model residential energy efficiency program." Virtual Press, 1995. http://liblink.bsu.edu/uhtbin/catkey/941726.
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The opportunity for reducing energy expenditures in homes has never been greater nor has the need been more pressing. Based on the current analysis of weatherization programs, millions of houses do not receive energy efficiency measures and houses that are being weatherized are not receiving the kinds of measures that generate the greatest energy savings. Many of these problems are attributed to program policies, regulations and funding limitations. Given these critical issues. The creative project is a model residential energy efficiency program. Its purpose is to serve as a guide for planning, designing, developing and implementing the kinds of residential energy efficiency programs that will maximize services and benefits. More specifically, the model will assist in the design and implementation of programs that are effective, efficient and can deliver the “right” energy measures to “any” house that needs them. A community in a small Midwestern city was selected to help demonstrate the various components of the model program.
Department of Urban Planning
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Örn, Tomas. "Energy efficiency in heritage buildings : Conservation approaches and their impact on energy efficiency measures." Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary, Luleå tekniska universitet, Arkitektur och vatten, 2018. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:ltu:diva-68405.
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The impeding climate change challenge urges for a reduction of energy use in the built environment. Buildings account for nearly 40% of the total energy use and about 35% of the greenhouse gas emissions in Europe. EU member states are required to improve the energy efficiency of the existing building stock, for example by sharpening building regulations and developing enforcement schemes. Since energy efficiency retrofits can affect irreplaceable values in heritage buildings, heritage buildings are often excluded from mandatory demands aiming at reducing the energy use in buildings. However, saving energy have gradually become embraced by the conservation community and heritage buildings with are seen as part of the solution. This licentiate thesis discusses the methods to identify heritage significance in a building and how the underlying theory determines different scenarios in a energy retrofitting process. The choice of conservation theory and conservation approach will affect the success the energy retrofitting process and determine how much the energy use that can be reduced. This thesis therefore suggests a framework to understand the different interpretation of the impacts that one could exert either by having an Objectivistic or Relative conservation value approach.. Based on this framework, a decision-support tool is developed to further detail the impacts of such approaches for different energy measures. Other results show that a majority of reviewed research publications focused on the operational energy in a building and only a few were concerned with energy use over the entire life- cycle of a building. These analyses are used to evaluate where most energy savings can be made, and often pinpoint weak spots in the building’s envelope or technical system. If it was mentioned at all, the influence of cultural and historical factors on energy efficiency measures as applied to heritage buildings tended to be assessed only briefly. Indeed, the majority does not describe conservation principles or even mention the methodology used – if any – for assessing or defining heritage values. Instead, researchers often show an explicit (sometimes an implicit) understanding of conservation as essentially something that is not destructive of original construction material and hence the authenticity of a building. This licentiate thesis is a compilation thesis, consisting of one separate sub-study, one literature review and an extended cover essay. The study is oriented towards a Swedish and European context, especially when it comes to climate conditions and discussions on building regulations and the theory and practice of architectural conservation. It addresses the growing research field of energy efficiency in heritage buildings and the thesis aims to contribute to an increased understanding on how the process of assessment and evaluation of heritage significance in buildings affects the making of heritage buildings more energy efficient. The main research question is: How do different approaches for assessing and evaluating heritage significance in buildings affect possible technical energy saving measures in heritage buildings?
Klimatförändringarna driver utvecklingen mot att energianvändningen i den byggda miljön behöver minska. Byggnader står för nästan 40% av den totala energianvändningen och cirka 35% av utsläppen av växthusgaser i Europa. EUs medlemsländer är bundna att förbättra energieffektiviteten hos befintliga byggnader, till exempel genom att skärpa byggreglerna och utveckla handlingsplaner. Eftersom energieffektiviseringar kan påverka värden i kulturhurhistoriska byggnader, är dessa ofta undantagna från krav som syftar till att minska energianvändningen i byggnader. Energibesparing och resurshushållning har gradvis blivit omfamnad av kulturmiljösektorn och kulturhistoriska byggnader betraktas allt mer som en del av lösningen på klimatförändringarna. I licentiatavhandlingen diskuteras metoderna för att identifiera kulturhistoriska värden i en byggnad och hur den underliggande teorin påverkar olika scenarier i en energieffektiviseringprocess. Valet av bevarandeteori och bevarandestrategi påverkar framgångsfaktorn i energieffektivseringen och hur mycket energianvändningen i en kulturhistorisk byggnad kan minskas. I denna avhandling föreslås därför ett teoretiskt ramverk för att förstå effekterna av de olika kulturhistoriska bedömningar som kan göras, antingen genom att använda ett objektivistiskt eller en relativ syn på hur en en byggnads kulturhistoriska värden skapas och bäst bevaras. Utifrån detta teoretiska ramverk har ett stöd för beslutsfattande utvecklats för att ytterligare beskriva effekterna av de olika bevarandestrategiernas påverkan på implementeringen av olika energieffektiviserande åtgärder. Andra resultat visar att en majoritet av de granskade forskningspublikationerna fokuserade på den operativa energin i en byggnad och bara ett fåtal gällde energianvändning under hela livscykeln i en byggnad. Dessa analyser används för att utvärdera var de flesta energibesparingar kan göras och ofta identifiera svaga punkter i byggnadens klimatskal eller tekniska system. Om det nämndes alls tenderade inflytandet av kulturella och historiska faktorer på energieffektivitetsåtgärder som tillämpas på arvsbyggnader endast att bedömas kortfattat. Faktum är att majoriteten av de genomgångna publikationerna inte beskriver bevarandeprinciper och inte nämner den metod som används för att bedöma eller definiera kulturhistoriska värden. Istället används ofta en explicit (ibland en implicit) förståelse för bevarande som i huvudsak något som inte förstör ursprungligt material och därmed autenticitet i en byggnad. Denna licentiatavhandling består av en separat undersökning, en litteraturöversikt och en utökad kappa. Studien är inriktad på ett svenskt och europeiskt sammanhang, särskilt när det gäller klimatförhållanden och diskussioner om byggregler och teori och praktik för kulturhistoriskt bevarande av byggnader. Den är en del av det växande forskningsområdet energieffektivisering i kulturhistoriska byggnader och avhandlingen syftar till att bidra till en ökad förståelse för hur utvärderingen av kulturhistoriska värden i byggnader påverkar arbetet med att göra dem mer energieffektiva. Huvudforskningsfrågan är: Hur påverkar olika metoder för bedömning och utvärdering av kulturhistoriska värden energibesparande åtgärder i kulturhistoriska byggnader?

Книги з теми "Architecture and energy conservation South Australia":

1
Beggs, Clive. Energy: Management, supply and conservation. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann, 2002.
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2
Conservation, HVACR EDC Steering Committee on Energy. Energy conservation: Furthering the debate. London: Heating, Ventilating, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Equipment EDC, 1986.
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3
Long, Robert Emmet. Energy and conservation. New York: H.W. Wilson, 1989.
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4
Suzuki, Shodo. Passive and low energy architecture. Tokyo: Process Architecture, 1991.
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5
International, PLEA Conference (6th 1988 Porto Portugal). Energy and buildings for temperate climates. Oxford: Pergamon, 1988.
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6
Sivigny, Donald J. Code source: Energy conservation code. Clifton Park, NY: DelmarCengage Learning, 2012.
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7
Durand, Eric. Energy efficiency in hospitals and clinics. Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, 1999.
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8
Department, Merton (England) Development. South Park Gardens conservation area. [Merton?: Development Department, London Borough of Merton?, 1987.
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9
Yannas, Simos. Solar energy and housing design. London: Architectural Association, 1994.
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10
Halldane, John F. Design integration for minimal energy and cost. London: Elsevier Applied Science, 1989.
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Статті в газетах з теми "Architecture and energy conservation South Australia":

1
Fedorkiv, L. "Ira Aldridge (1807-1867) and Taras Shewchenko (1814-1861)." Український голос, 13 March 2017.
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2
Тітаренко, Т. "Практика морського права у 2018 р. в Україні: successes and failures". Юридична газета, 26 грудня 2018.
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3
Lozynskyj, A. "A Soviet Prism. The life and times of a Ukrainian nationalist." Церква і життя, 27 September–17 October 2012.
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Частини книг з теми "Architecture and energy conservation South Australia":

1
New, Tim R. "Environments for Butterflies in South Eastern Australia." In Butterfly Conservation in South-Eastern Australia: Progress and Prospects, 25–34. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9926-6_2.
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New, Tim R. "Butterflies in Australian Conservation Legislation." In Butterfly Conservation in South-Eastern Australia: Progress and Prospects, 35–52. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9926-6_3.
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3
Pulsford, Ian, Graeme Worboys, Gary Howling, and Thomas Barrett. "Great Eastern Ranges, Australia." In Climate and Conservation, 202–16. Washington, DC: Island Press/Center for Resource Economics, 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.5822/978-1-61091-203-7_16.
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Twidale, C. R., and J. A. Bourne. "South Australia." In Encyclopedia of the World's Coastal Landforms, 1293–304. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-8639-7_231.
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Dinçer, İbrahim, and Calin Zamfirescu. "Energy Conservation." In Sustainable Energy Systems and Applications, 119–45. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2011. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-95861-3_4.
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Thornbush, Mary J. "Energy Conservation." In Vehicular Air Pollution and Urban Sustainability, 41–51. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-20657-8_6.
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Thorne, Lorraine. "Conservation in Australia." In Australia Towards 2000, 215–23. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 1990. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-10785-8_17.
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Kaushika, N. D., K. S. Reddy, and Kshitij Kaushik. "Energy Conservation." In Sustainable Energy and the Environment: A Clean Technology Approach, 173–96. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29446-9_12.
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New, Tim R., and Alan L. Yen. "Insect Conservation in Australia." In Insect Conservation: Past, Present and Prospects, 193–212. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-2963-6_9.
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Griffiths, Dilwyn J. "National Parks and Conservation." In Tropical Ecosystems in Australia, 105–10. Boca Raton : Taylor & Francis, [2020]: CRC Press, 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.1201/9780429328008-8.
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Тези доповідей конференцій з теми "Architecture and energy conservation South Australia":

1
Kariyawasam, Champika. "Invasive ranges of gorse in the Mount Lofty Ranges of South Australia and Sri Lanka." In 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. Jyväskylä: Jyvaskyla University Open Science Centre, 2018. http://dx.doi.org/10.17011/conference/eccb2018/108132.
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Constable, Amy Louise. "Translating policy aspirations into durable policy: the case of biodiversity offsetting in South Eastern Australia." In 5th European Congress of Conservation Biology. Jyväskylä: Jyvaskyla University Open Science Centre, 2018. http://dx.doi.org/10.17011/conference/eccb2018/107362.
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Khezri, Rahmat, Amin Mahmoudi, and Mohammed H. Haque. "SWT and BES Optimisation for Grid-connected Households in South Australia." In 2019 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE). IEEE, 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ecce.2019.8912767.
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Wang, Fang, and Li Wang. "The Energy Conservation Design Strategy on Taiyuan South Railway Station Building." In 2017 7th International Conference on Education, Management, Computer and Society (EMCS 2017). Paris, France: Atlantis Press, 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.2991/emcs-17.2017.309.
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Hales, Jack B., Ruifeng Yan, Nahid-Al-Masood, and Tapan Kumar Saha. "Implications of synchronous generator withdrawal following renewable proliferation in South Australia." In 2017 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting (PESGM). IEEE, 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/pesgm.2017.8274592.
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"Initial analysis of fire weather characteristics between south-east Australia and south-west of Western Australia." In 20th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation (MODSIM2013). Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand (MSSANZ), Inc., 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.36334/modsim.2013.m1.lin.
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Khezri, Rahmat, Amin Mahmoudi, and Mohammed H. Haque. "Optimal Capacity of PV and BES for Grid-connected Households in South Australia." In 2019 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE). IEEE, 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ecce.2019.8913055.
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Khezri, Rahmat, Amin Mahmoudi, and Mohammed H. Haque. "Optimal WT, PV and BES based Energy Systems for Standalone Households in South Australia." In 2019 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE). IEEE, 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ecce.2019.8911902.
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Aghamohamadi, Mehrdad, Amin Mahmoudi, and Mohammed H. Haque. "Robust Allocation of Residential Solar Photovoltaic Systems Paired with Battery Units in South Australia." In 2019 IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exposition (ECCE). IEEE, 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ecce.2019.8913208.
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Mastorakis, George, Constandinos X. Mavromoustakis, Athina Bourdena, Georgios Kormentzas, and Evangelos Pallis. "Maximizing energy conservation in a centralized cognitive radio network architecture." In 2013 IEEE 18th International Workshop on Computer Aided Modeling and Design of Communication Links and Networks (CAMAD). IEEE, 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/camad.2013.6708112.
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Звіти організацій з теми "Architecture and energy conservation South Australia":

1
Kenkeremath, L. Energy research and development profile of Australia. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), January 1986. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/5478624.
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Dix, Katherine, Rachel Felgate, Syeda Kashfee Ahmed, Toby Carslake, and Shani Sniedze-Gregory. School libraries in South Australia 2019 Census. Australian Council for Educational Research, September 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.37517/978-1-74286-583-6.
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3
Tipton, W. J., H. A. Berry, and A. E. Fritzsche. An aerial radiological survey of Maralinga and EMU, South Australia. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), October 1988. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/5746113.
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Vaughan, K. H. Conservation and Renewable Energy Program. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), May 1991. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/5600099.
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Neumann, Narelle L., and Russell J. Korsch. SHRIMP U-Pb zircon ages from Kutjara 1 and Mulyawara 1, northwestern South Australia. Geoscience Australia, 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.11636/record.2014.005.
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Grafton, R. Quentin, Clay Landry, Gary Libecap, Sam McGlennon, and Robert O'Brien. An Integrated Assessment of Water Markets: Australia, Chile, China, South Africa and the USA. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, July 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.3386/w16203.
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Wilson, Karen. The Architecture of the System of National Accounts: A Three Country Comparison, Canada, Australia, and United Kingdom. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, February 2005. http://dx.doi.org/10.3386/w11106.
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Hassett, Kevin, and Gilbert Metcalf. Energy Tax Credits and Residential Conservation Investment. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, March 1992. http://dx.doi.org/10.3386/w4020.
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Klan, M. S., D. B. Belzer, S. J. Marsh, N. L. Moore, J. M. Roop, and R. D. Sands. Energy use and conservation trends, 1972--1986. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), February 1989. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/6509276.
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Brizard, A. Gyrokinetic energy conservation and Poisson-bracket formulation. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), November 1988. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/6866694.
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