Добірка наукової літератури з теми "Domaine incliné"

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Статті в журналах з теми "Domaine incliné":

1

Subramanian, Priya, Oliver Brausch, Karen E. Daniels, Eberhard Bodenschatz, Tobias M. Schneider, and Werner Pesch. "Spatio-temporal patterns in inclined layer convection." Journal of Fluid Mechanics 794 (April 6, 2016): 719–45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/jfm.2016.186.

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This paper reports on a theoretical analysis of the rich variety of spatio-temporal patterns observed recently in inclined layer convection at medium Prandtl number when varying the inclination angle ${\it\gamma}$ and the Rayleigh number $R$. The present numerical investigation of the inclined layer convection system is based on the standard Oberbeck–Boussinesq equations. The patterns are shown to originate from a complicated competition of buoyancy driven and shear-flow driven pattern forming mechanisms. The former are expressed as longitudinal convection rolls with their axes oriented parallel to the incline, the latter as perpendicular transverse rolls. Along with conventional methods to study roll patterns and their stability, we employ direct numerical simulations in large spatial domains, comparable with the experimental ones. As a result, we determine the phase diagram of the characteristic complex 3-D convection patterns above onset of convection in the ${\it\gamma}{-}R$ plane, and find that it compares very well with the experiments. In particular we demonstrate that interactions of specific Fourier modes, characterized by a resonant interaction of their wavevectors in the layer plane, are key to understanding the pattern morphologies.
2

Krawczyszyn, J. "Movement of the cambial domain pattern and mechanism of formation of interlocked grain in Platanus." Acta Societatis Botanicorum Poloniae 41, no. 4 (2015): 443–61. http://dx.doi.org/10.5586/asbp.1972.036.

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The orientation of splitting and uniting of rays, which served as an indicator of the orientation of morphogenic events occurring in cambium, was determined on series of veneers covering large tangential faces of <i>Platanus</i> trunks. It has been shown that cambium consists of orientational domains of Z- and S-type. They are perpendicular to, or slightly inclined with respect to, the trunk axis. Axial dimensions of domains are 8-28 cm. They move upward along the trunk, at a rate 6,5—12 mm, per radial mm of xylem porduced. Migration domain patterns are responsible for the formation of the interlocked grain.
3

Stoilova-McPhie, Svetla, Bruno O. Villoutreix, Koen Mertens, Geoffrey Kemball-Cook, and Andreas Holzenburg. "3-Dimensional structure of membrane-bound coagulation factor VIII: modeling of the factor VIII heterodimer within a 3-dimensional density map derived by electron crystallography." Blood 99, no. 4 (February 15, 2002): 1215–23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood.v99.4.1215.

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Despite recent studies, the organization of coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) on a phospholipid (PL) membrane is not known in detail. Thus, 2-dimensional (2D) crystals of human FVIII lacking the B domain were prepared for electron microscopy onto negatively charged PL monolayers. The 3-dimensional (3D) density map of the PL-bound FVIII protein was calculated at 1.5 nm. Existing atomic data and models for FVIII domains were fitted unambiguously within the 3D density map of the molecule. FVIII domains arrangement followed a compact spiral organization with the A3 domains in close association with the C1 and C2 domains near the PL surface. Viewed toward the membrane the A domains' heterotrimer is oriented side-on with the pseudo–3-fold axis almost parallel to the PL surface and A1 fully covering C1. The C2 domain is partially overlapped by the A2 domain of an adjacent molecule in the 2D crystal, favoring close packing. Viewed parallel to the membrane, C2 is slightly inclined to the PL surface covering an area of 12 nm2. Four C2 loops are embedded within the lipid monolayer at about 0.7 to 1.0 nm depth. C1 forms almost a right angle with C2, its long axis nearly parallel to the membrane. The proposed structure for membrane-bound FVIII results from modeling of the FVIII domains within a 3D density map obtained from electron crystallography and accords with the main biochemical and structural information known to date. A model is proposed for FVIIIa and factor IXa assembly within the membrane-bound factor X-activating complex.
4

Denneulin, T., and A. S. Everhardt. "A transmission electron microscopy study of low-strain epitaxial BaTiO3 grown onto NdScO3." Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter 34, no. 23 (April 5, 2022): 235701. http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1361-648x/ac5db3.

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Abstract Ferroelectric materials exhibit a strong coupling between strain and electrical polarization. In epitaxial thin films, the strain induced by the substrate can be used to tune the domain structure. Substrates of rare-earth scandates are sometimes selected for the growth of ferroelectric oxides because of their close lattice match, which allows the growth of low-strain dislocation-free layers. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is a frequently used technique for investigating ferroelectric domains at the nanometer-scale. However, it requires to thin the specimen down to electron transparency, which can modify the strain and the electrostatic boundary conditions. Here, we have investigated a 320 nm thick epitaxial layer of BaTiO3 grown onto an orthorhombic substrate of NdScO3 with interfacial lattice strains of −0.45% and −0.05% along the two in-plane directions. We show that the domain structure of the layer can be significantly altered by TEM sample preparation depending on the orientation and the geometry of the lamella. In the as-grown state, the sample shows an anisotropic a/c ferroelastic domain pattern in the direction of largest strain. If a TEM lamella is cut perpendicular to this direction so that strain is released, a new domain pattern is obtained, which consists of bundles of thin horizontal stripes parallel to the interfaces. These stripe domains correspond to a sheared crystalline structure (orthorhombic or monoclinic) with inclined polarization vectors and with at least four variants of polarization. The stripe domains are distributed in triangular-shaped 180° domains where the average polarization is parallel to the growth direction. The influence of external electric fields on this domain structure was investigated using in situ biasing and dark-field imaging in TEM.
5

Limebeer, D. J. N., R. S. Sharp, and S. Evangelou. "The stability of motorcycles under acceleration and braking." Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science 215, no. 9 (September 1, 2001): 1095–109. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/095440620121500910.

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A comprehensive study of the effects of acceleration and braking on motorcycle stability is presented. This work is based on a modified version of a dynamic model presented earlier, and is thought to be the most comprehensive motorcycle dynamic model in the public domain. Extensive use is made of both non-linear and linearized models. The models are written in LISP and make use of the multibody modelling package AUTOSIM. There is novelty in the way in which control systems have been used to control the motorcycle drive and braking systems in order that the machine maintains desired rates of acceleration and deceleration. The results show that the wobble mode of a motorcycle is significantly destabilized when the machine is descending an incline or braking on a level surface. Conversely, the damping of the wobble mode is substantially increased when the machine is ascending an incline at constant speed, or accelerating on a level surface. This probably accounts for the pleasingly stable ‘feel’ of the machine under firm acceleration. Except at very low speeds, inclines, acceleration and deceleration appear to have little effect on the damping or frequency of the weave mode. Non-linear simulations have quantified the known difficulties to do with rear tyre adhesion in heavy braking situations that are dominated by rear wheel braking.
6

Bahmyari, E., S. R. Mohebpour, and P. Malekzadeh. "Vibration Analysis of Inclined Laminated Composite Beams under Moving Distributed Masses." Shock and Vibration 2014 (2014): 1–12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/750916.

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The dynamic response of laminated composite beams subjected to distributed moving masses is investigated using the finite element method (FEM) based on the both first-order shear deformation theory (FSDT) and the classical beam theory (CLT). Six and ten degrees of freedom beam elements are used to discretize the CLT and FSDT equations of motion, respectively. The resulting spatially discretized beam governing equations including the effect of inertial, Coriolis, and centrifugal forces due to moving distributed mass are evaluated in time domain by applying Newmark’s scheme. The presented approach is first validated by studying its convergence behavior and comparing the results with those of existing solutions in the literature. Then, the effect of incline angle, mass, and velocity of moving body, layer orientation, load length, and inertial, Coriolis, and centrifugal forces due to the moving distributed mass and friction force between the beam and the moving distributed mass on the dynamic behavior of inclined laminated composite beams are investigated.
7

Sementsov, D. I. "Diffraction of Light from Stripe Domain Structure with Inclined Domain Boundaries." Crystallography Reports 45, no. 6 (November 2000): 995. http://dx.doi.org/10.1134/1.1327666.

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8

Darinskii, B. M., and V. V. Gorbynov. "Instability of inclined 180° domain boundary in ferroelectrics." Ferroelectrics 98, no. 1 (October 1989): 235–40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00150198908217584.

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9

Nakai, Tomoo. "Magnetic Domain Transition of Adjacent Narrow Thin Film Strips with Inclined Uniaxial Magnetic Anisotropy." Micromachines 11, no. 3 (March 8, 2020): 279. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/mi11030279.

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This study deals a phenomenon of magnetic domain transition for the stepped magneto-impedance element. Our previous research shows that an element with 70° inclined easy axis has a typical characteristic of the domain transition, and the transition can be controlled by the normal magnetic field. In this paper, we apply this phenomenon and controlling method to the line arrangement adjacent to many body elements, in which mutual magnetic interaction exists. The result shows that the hidden inclined Landau–Lifshitz domain appears by applying a distributed normal field the same as an individual element.
10

Li, Haiyan, Zanxia Cao, Guodong Hu, Liling Zhao, Chunling Wang, and Jihua Wang. "Ligand-induced structural changes analysis of ribose-binding protein as studied by molecular dynamics simulations." Technology and Health Care 29 (March 25, 2021): 103–14. http://dx.doi.org/10.3233/thc-218011.

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BACKGROUND: The ribose-binding protein (RBP) from Escherichia coli is one of the representative structures of periplasmic binding proteins. Binding of ribose at the cleft between two domains causes a conformational change corresponding to a closure of two domains around the ligand. The RBP has been crystallized in the open and closed conformations. OBJECTIVE: With the complex trajectory as a control, our goal was to study the conformation changes induced by the detachment of the ligand, and the results have been revealed from two computational tools, MD simulations and elastic network models. METHODS: Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were performed to study the conformation changes of RBP starting from the open-apo, closed-holo and closed-apo conformations. RESULTS: The evolution of the domain opening angle θ clearly indicates large structural changes. The simulations indicate that the closed states in the absence of ribose are inclined to transition to the open states and that ribose-free RBP exists in a wide range of conformations. The first three dominant principal motions derived from the closed-apo trajectories, consisting of rotating, bending and twisting motions, account for the major rearrangement of the domains from the closed to the open conformation. CONCLUSIONS: The motions showed a strong one-to-one correspondence with the slowest modes from our previous study of RBP with the anisotropic network model (ANM). The results obtained for RBP contribute to the generalization of robustness for protein domain motion studies using either the ANM or PCA for trajectories obtained from MD.

Дисертації з теми "Domaine incliné":

1

Fahs, Amin. "Modeling of naturel convection in porous media : development of semi-analytical and spectral numerical solutions of heat transfer problem in special domains." Thesis, Strasbourg, 2021. https://publication-theses.unistra.fr/restreint/theses_doctorat/2021/Fahs_Amin_2021_ED269.pdf.

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Le problème de la cavité poreuse carrée est largement utilisé comme cas de référence courant pour les problèmes de Convection Naturelle (CN) en milieux poreux. Il peut être utilisé pour plusieurs applications numériques, théoriques et pratiques. Par ailleurs, toutes les solutions de haute précision existantes dans la littérature scientifique sont développées dans des conditions de régime permanent. Cependant, il est bien connu que les processus de CN dans les milieux poreux se produisent naturellement dans un régime dépendant du temps, car les conditions aux limites peuvent être variables dans le temps. Pour surmonter cette difficulté, la solution en régime permanent est souvent simulée comme une solution transitoire qui évolue jusqu'à atteindre l'état d'équilibre. Ces régimes dépendant du temps sont très efficaces pour détecter les effets des variations de paramètres sur le processus physique de CN, en particulier pour les sujets d'intérêt de cette thèse: la variation du niveau d'inclinaison du domaine et la prise en compte des variations de température de la paroi chaude dans le temps. À cet effet, trois objectifs sont identifiés dans cette thèse: 1. Développer une solution de convection naturelle en fonction du temps dans des milieux poreux en utilisant le Modèle Darcy en deux modes: transitoire et instable. 2. Étudier le comportement en fonction du temps de la convection naturelle dans des milieux poreux ayant le niveau d'inclinaison du domaine comme paramètre variable dans deux modes: transitoire et instable. 3. Développer une solution de convection naturelle en fonction du temps dans des milieux poreux en utilisant le Modèle Darcy-Lapwood-Brinkman en deux modes: transitoire et instable. Pour ce faire, du fait de la grande précision dans les domaines simplement connectés, une méthode spectrale de résidus pondérés de type Galerkin est choisie pour développer une solution au problème de CN dans une cavité carrée poreuse. L’application de la procédure de Fourier-Galerkin (FG), deux configurations traitant des régimes instables sont considérées où chaque solution est dérivée pour une large gamme des nombres de Rayleigh (Ra) avec d'autres conditions spéciales. Ce travail de thèse est subdivisé en cinq chapitres. Dans le premier chapitre, nous avons présenté un aperçu physique du processus de convection naturelle en milieux poreux. Dans le deuxième chapitre, le développement mathématique des équations, la méthode de résolution et la procédure de résolution sont décrits en détails. Dans le chapitre trois, la première étude de cas de cette thèse, la solution dépendante du temps de la convection naturelle dans une cavité carrée remplie de milieux poreux saturé utilisant le modèle de Darcy est développé. Dans le chapitre quatre, le problème de variation temporelle de Darcy-Lapwood- Brinkman de CN dans une enceinte poreuse saturée carrée est étudié. Dans le chapitre cinq, les solutions dépendant du temps sont développées pour le problème de convection naturelle utilisant la loi de Darcy dans une cavité poreuse inclinée et considéré comme une étude complète sur les effets de l'inclinaison du domaine sur le processus physique du problème de convection libre. Pour tous les cas, les régimes transitoires et instables sont considérés
The problem of the porous square cavity is extensively used as a common benchmark case for Natural convection (NC) problem in porous media. It can be used for several numerical, theoretical, and practical purposes. All the existing high accurate solutions are developed under steady-state conditions. However, it is well known that the processes of NC in porous media occurs naturally in a time-dependent procedure, as boundary conditions can be variable in time. Also, the convergence of the steady-state solution is known to be difficult. To overcome this difficulty, the steady-state solution is often simulated as a transient solution that evolves until reaching the steady-state condition. These time-dependent modes are very efficient to detect the effects of the parameter variations on the physical process of NC, especially for the subject of interest in this thesis: the domain inclination level and hot wall temperature variation in time. For this purpose, three goals are identified in this Thesis: 1. Developing a time-dependent solution of natural convection in porous media using the Darcy model in two modes: Transient and unsteady. 2. Investigating the time-dependent behavior of natural convection in porous media having the domain inclination level as a variable parameter in two modes: Transient and unsteady. 3. Developing a time-dependent solution of natural convection in porous media using the Darcy-Lapwood-Brinkman model in two modes: Transient and unsteady. To do so, according to the high accuracy in the simply connected domains, one of the Galerkin spectral weighted residual method is chosen to develop a space-time dependent solution for NC problem in a square porous cavity. Applying the Fourier-Galerkin (FG) procedure, two configurations dealing with transient and unsteady regimes are considered where each solution is derived for a wide range of Rayleigh numbers with other special conditions. This work of thesis is explained in details as five chapters.The NC physical process with the time-dependent variations is described in the transient mode to reach the steady-state solution and for the unsteady mode during a one period using periodic sinusoidal boundary conditions on the cavity hot wall. Finally, the work of this thesis is described in details in five chapters; while the sixth and last chapter is devoted to the summary and conclusion.The results in this thesis work provide a set of high-accurate data that are published in three papers to be used for testing numerical codes of heat transfer in time-dependent configurations
2

Ruyer-Quil, Christian. "Dynamique d'un film mince s'ecoulant le long d'un plan incline." Palaiseau, Ecole polytechnique, 1999. http://www.theses.fr/1999EPXX0046.

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L'ecoulement d'un film mince visqueux le long d'un plan incline est un prototype d'ecoulement ouvert avec surface libre, caracterise par la presence d'ondes solitaires et d'une suite bien definie d'instabilites secondaires conduisant au chaos spatio-temporel. L'objectif de cette these est de developper des modeles mathematiques permettant une description a la fois qualitative et quantitative des instabilites secondaires tridimensionnelles du film. La demarche suivie combine une methode aux residus ponderes dans la direction normale au film a un developpement en gradients, ceci afin d'eliminer les degres de liberte esclaves de l'epaisseur h du film. Un premier modele, obtenu en utilisant les profils de vitesse asymptotiques au voisinage du seuil et une methode de moyennage et de collocations aux frontieres, est presente en annexe (ch. 10). Une demarche plus systematique est exposee ici et conduit au premier ordre a un systeme de deux equations couplees decrivant l'evolution de l'epaisseur h et du debit local q. Au second ordre le modele ainsi ecrit implique quatre equations. Cependant un modele au second ordre simplifie a deux champs (4. 65-4. 66) est obtenu en appliquant une methode de galerkin. A l'aide de la theorie des systemes dynamiques, la recherche des ondes stationnaires bidimensionnelles dans leur referentiel en mouvement met en evidence le role joue par la dispersion d'origine visqueuse quant a la possibilite de chaos homocline, a la forme des ondes solitaires et a la selection des familles d'ondes stationnaires. L'analyse de floquet des solutions de (4. 65-4. 66) reproduit les resultats theoriques anterieurs sans toutefois expliquer les observations experimentales. Enfin, les simulations numeriques du developpement spatial des solutions de (4. 65-4. 66) avec forcage periodique ou aleatoire se comparent tres favorablement a l'experience et a la simulation numerique directe.

Частини книг з теми "Domaine incliné":

1

Dembour, Marie-Bénédicte. "Where are the Limits of Human Rights? Four Schools, Four Complementary Visions." In The Limits of Human Rights, 345–56. Oxford University Press, 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780198824756.003.0024.

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This comment makes sense of Delmas-Marty’s contribution by elaborating further the author’s four-school human rights model. It is surmised that as a predominantly natural scholar, Delmas-Marty is inclined to approach the limits of human rights as unfortunate ‘mishaps’—and to hold a universal view of the history of human rights. By contrast, Dembour’s arguable strong affiliation to the discourse school leads her to highlight human rights’ inherent defects—and historical failures. A deliberative scholar would tend to envisage the proper domain of human rights as restricted to political governance—and to produce human rights’ histories with a strong institutional focus. Finally, a protest scholar would expect human rights to be hijacked by the elite and to fail to produce the emancipatory results they promise—thus producing a history where the limited results which are achieved need to be constantly renewed.
2

Demoulin, Alain. "Tectonic Evolution, Geology, and Geomorphology." In The Physical Geography of Western Europe. Oxford University Press, 2005. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oso/9780199277759.003.0010.

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The present-day major relief features of western Europe are to a great extent determined by the underlying geological structures, either passively or actively. To get a comprehensive picture of their morphological evolution and interrelations, this chapter provides an overview of the spatial and temporal characteristics of the larg-escale tectonic framework of the continent. After having described the west European landscape at the end of the Palaeozoic, to which time the oldest preserved landforms date back, an outline of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic history of the major tectonic domains follows. Finally, some denudation estimates highlighting the relationship between tectonics, erosion, and the resulting relief, will be discussed. The three main influences on the present-day topographic patterns are those of the Alpine orogeny, the Cenozoic West European rifting, and the imprint of Variscan structures. They combine within a regional stress field determined by the Africa–Eurasia collision and the Alpine push as well as the mid-Atlantic ridge push. Since the end of the Miocene, this stress field is characterized by a fan-shaped distribution of SHmax along the northern border of the Alpine arc. This gives way to a more consistent NW–SE to NNW–SSE direction of compression further from the chain (Bergerat 1987; Müller et al. 1992). Topographically, western Europe may be roughly divided into a series of belts parallel to the Alpine chain. The Alpine chain culminates in a number of peaks exceeding 4,000 m in elevation (4,810 m at Mont Blanc) but the average altitude is in the order of 2,000 m. To the north, the mountainous Alps are bordered by the Molasse foredeep basin whose surface makes an inclined plane descending northwards from c.1,000 m to c.300 m near the Donau River in the Regensburg-Passau area. To the north-west, the Molasse basin narrows between the Alps and the Jura Mountains and is occupied by several extended lakes inherited from Quaternary glacial activity. Next to the Molasse basin in the north and west is a wide belt of recently more or less uplifted areas between 200 and 1,000 m in elevation (and locally in excess of 1,000 m in the French Massif Central and the Bohemian massif).

Тези доповідей конференцій з теми "Domaine incliné":

1

Limebeer, David J. N., Simos Evangelou, and Robin S. Sharp. "Stability of Motorcycles Under Acceleration and Braking." In ASME 2001 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2001. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/detc2001/vib-21603.

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Abstract A comprehensive study of the effects of acceleration and braking on motorcycle stability is presented. This work is based on a modified version of the dynamic model that was first presented in (Sharp & Limebeer, 2000), and is thought to be the most comprehensive motorcycle dynamic model in the public domain. Extensive use is made of both nonlinear and linearized models. The models are written in LISP and make use of the multibody modelling package AUTOSIM (Autosim 2.5+, 1998). There is novelty in the way in which control systems have been used to control the motorcycle drive and braking systems in order that the machine maintains desired rates of acceleration and deceleration. The results show that the wobble mode of a motorcycle is significantly destabilized when the machine is descending an incline, or braking on a level surface. Conversely, the damping of the wobble mode is substantially increased when the machine is ascending an incline at constant speed, or accelerating on a level surface. This probably accounts for the pleasing stable “feel” of the machine under firm acceleration. Except at very low speeds, inclines, acceleration and deceleration appears to have very little effect on the damping or frequency of the weave mode. Nonlinear simulation have quantified the known difficulties to do with rear tyre adhesion in heavy braking situations that are dominated by rear wheel braking.
2

Jung, Alexander R., Jürgen F. Mayer, and Heinz Stetter. "Simulation of 3D-Unsteady Stator/Rotor Interaction in Turbomachinery Stages of Arbitrary Pitch Ratio." In ASME 1996 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1996. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/96-gt-069.

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This paper presents a computational method for the calculation of unsteady three-dimensional viscous flow in turbo-machinery stages. The method is based on a Finite-Volume Navier-Stokes solver for structured grids in a multiblock topology. The meshes at the stator/rotor interface are overlapped by two grid cells. An implicit residual smoothing method applicable to global time-stepping is used to accelerate the solution process. The problem of periodic boundary treatment for unequal pitches is handled using a method of time-inclined computational domains for three dimensions. The method applies a time transformation to the stator domain and to the rotor domain and uses different time-steps in the two domains. The results of a numerical simulation of the flow in a transonic turbine stage with a pitch ratio of 1.364 are presented. The time-averaged solution is compared to experimental data and satisfactory agreement is stated. Complex 3D-unsteady flow phenomena (shock motion, vortex shedding) are observed. Unsteady blade pressure fluctuations at various positions in spanwise direction are shown and the fluctuations are found to vary considerably along span. Instantaneous distributions of static pressure, Mach number, and entropy are presented.
3

Gu, Pei, and R. J. Asaro. "Three-Dimensional Mode Separation to Obtain Stress Intensity Factors." In ASME 2006 Pressure Vessels and Piping/ICPVT-11 Conference. ASMEDC, 2006. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/pvp2006-icpvt-11-93249.

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For mixed-mode loading at a crack tip under small-scale yielding condition, mode I, mode II and mode III stress intensity factors control the crack propagation. This paper discusses three-dimensional mode separation to obtain the three stress intensity factors using the interaction integral approach. The 2D interaction integral approach to obtain mode I and mode II stress intensity factors is derived to 3D arbitrary crack configuration for mode I, mode II and mode III stress intensity factors. The method is implemented in a finite element code using domain integral method and numerical examples show good convergence for the domains around the crack tip. A complete solution for the three stress intensity factors is obtained for a bar with inclined crack face to the cross-section from numerical calculations. The solution for the bar is plotted into curves in terms of a set of non-dimensional parameters for practical engineering purpose. From the solution, mode mixity along the crack front and its implication to the direction of crack propagation is discussed.
4

Kitayama, Satoshi, and Hiroshi Yamakawa. "A Study on Shape Optimization Using Affine Transformation." In ASME 2001 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2001. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/detc2001/dac-21080.

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Abstract This paper presents a new method to determine an optimal shape using affine transformation which is used in the field of Computer Aided Design (CAD), linear programming, and etc. We use affine transformation as coordinate transformation. Affine transformation is a linear transformation, so that shapes transformed must be linearly. Shape optimization of a inclined beam for example, we can deal with in the following manner. We define a simple cantilever beam first in initial design domain, and calculate an optimal shape. Then we use affine transformation remaining with optimal shape calculated in simple design domain and get to an optimal shape of the inclined beam. To compare with an optimal shape obtained by our proposed method, we calculate an optimal shape directly by conventional method in the same design domain after coordinate transformation. We show that affine transformation plays a role as scaling to structural optimization by finite element method and that necessary and sufficient conditions between design variables and shape transformation matrix may exist to get an exact optimal shape. We treat some numerical examples by our proposed method. In numerical examples, we consider shape optimization of inclined cantilever beam for simplicity. We show that some stepwise linear optimal shapes could be expressed from an optimal shape of a simple cantilever beam by using affine transformation. Optimal shape calculated by our method can obtain easily and speedy. Through some numerical examples, we could examine effectiveness of our proposed method.
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Zhao, Yu, Hongyang Yu, Jingjie Sha, and Yunfei Chen. "A Convenient and Reliable Method of Manufacturing Inclined Bulk Graphite for Measuring Thermal Conductivity With TDTR." In ASME 2019 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/imece2019-10572.

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Abstract In this work, in order to study the thermal transport along arbitrary direction in bulk graphite, we develop a simple and convenient method to manufacture inclined bulk graphite applying Focused Ion beam (FIB). Then, we measure the thermal conductivity of inclined bulk graphite with the time-domain thermoreflectance (TDTR) technique and the measured results show that our processing method is reliable. Based on the TDTR measurement of inclined bulk graphite with a tilt angle of 90°, the in-plane thermal conductivity is on the order of 2030 Wm−1 K−1 and the cross-plane thermal conductivity is on the order of 5.5 Wm−1 K−1 at room temperature, which is close to the previously reported results. Our processing and measurement methods provide a new perspective on the study of the intrinsic mechanism of anisotropic thermal transport in anisotropic layered materials.
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Luo, Albert C. J., and Brandon M. Rapp. "Switching Dynamics of a Periodically Forced Discontinuous System With an Inclined Boundary." In ASME 2007 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference. ASMEDC, 2007. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/detc2007-34863.

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This paper presents the switching dynamics of flow from one domain into another one in the periodically driven, discontinuous dynamical system. The simple inclined straight line boundary in phase space is considered as a control law for the dynamical system to switch. The normal vector-field product for flow switching on the separation boundary is introduced, and the passability condition of flow to the discontinuous boundary is presented. The sliding and grazing conditions to the separation boundary are presented as well. Using mapping structures, periodic motions of such a discontinuous system are predicted, and the local stability and bifurcation analysis are carried out. Numerical illustrations of periodic motions with grazing to the boundary and/or sliding on the boundary are given, and the normal vector fields are illustrated to show the analytical criteria.
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He, Pingfan, Martha Salcudean, and Ian S. Gartshore. "Computations of Film Cooling for the Leading Edge Region of a Turbine Blade Model." In ASME 1995 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exposition. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1995. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/95-gt-020.

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Computations of film cooling are presented based on the geometry of a UBC experimental turbine blade model. This model has a semi-circlar leading edge with four rows of laterally-inclined film cooling orifices positioned symmetrically about the stagnation line. The computational domain follows the physical domain and includes the curved blade surface as well as the coolant regions in the circular coolant orifices. The injection orifices are inclined spanwise at 30° to the blade surface. A multi-zone curvilinear grid is used to simulate the complex configuration. Grids are generated by a block-structured elliptic grid generation method which represents exactly the curved blade surface as well as the circular injection orifices. Computations over the cooled turbine blade model are carried out for overall mass flow ratios of 0.52 and 0.97. The relative mass flow ratios from each orifice are specified to match experimental values. Density ratios of coolant to free stream were taken to be unity (constant density). Comparison of predicted film cooling effectiveness with experimental data showed reasonable agreement.
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Wang, Tongsheng, Zhu Huang, Zhongguo Sun, and Guang Xi. "Numerical Simulation of Mixed Flow Past an Inclined Square Cylinder Using a Local Radial Basis Function Method." In ASME-JSME-KSME 2019 8th Joint Fluids Engineering Conference. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/ajkfluids2019-5196.

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Abstract Unsteady mixed convective heat transfer flow past an inclined square cylinder is numerically investigated using a local multi-quadric radial basis function (MQRBF) interpolation. The blockage parameter (ratio of square cylinder length d to height of the computational domain H) varies from 0.025 to 0.2. Air is considered as the working fluid and Prandtl number is fixed at 0.71. Richardson number generally affects the heat transfer efficiency ranging from 0 to 20. Inclined angle of square cylinder ranges from 0° to 45°. The inlet flow is assumed to be laminar and uniform. At the outlet of the computational domain, a convective boundary condition is compared with a traditional Neumann condition. A study of the shape parameter of MQRBF which is sensitive to the distribution of inhomogeneous supporting nodes is provided. The representative streamlines, vortex structures and isotherm patterns are presented and discussed. In addition, the overall lift and drag coefficients, average Nusselt number and Strouhal number for unsteady flow are analyzed for various Reynolds number and Richardson number.
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Zamiri, Ali, Byung Ju Lee, and Jin Taek Chung. "Numerical Investigation of the Inclined Leading Edge Diffuser Vane Effects on the Flow Unsteadiness and Noise Characteristics in a Transonic Centrifugal Compressor." In ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/gt2017-65117.

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The three-dimensional, compressible, unsteady Navier-Stokes equations are solved to investigate the influence of the inclined leading edge diffuser vanes on the flow field and radiated noise from a transonic centrifugal compressor with high compression ratio. The computational domain is consisted of an inlet duct and a rotating impeller with splitter blades followed by a two-dimensional wedge vaned diffuser. The numerical method was validated by comparing the steady computational results with those of experiments in terms of pressure ratio and compressor efficiency at different operating points for the original diffuser. The transient simulations were verified by comparison of the velocity distribution with PIV data in normal flow condition before the onset of surge. In the case of steady simulations, seven types of diffuser vane with various inclination angles of leading edge were numerically modeled to investigate the effects of inclined leading edge on the diffuser pressure recovery and total pressure loss characteristics. The vaned diffuser with inclined leading edge reduces the interaction between the impeller discharge flow and diffuser leading edge which leads to improve the pressure recovery characteristics within the diffuser passage. Detailed flow analysis inside the diffuser passage showed the pressure ratio and compressor efficiency have been improved by the inclined leading edges. The maximum diffuser pressure recovery coefficient, 0.7185, and compressor efficiency, 84.80%, were observed in the case of 30 degree inclination angle from hub-to-shroud. In the case of transient simulations, five different inclined leading edge diffuser vanes were numerically conducted. The present study focuses on the unsteady pressure fluctuations and noise prediction within the impeller and diffuser passages at the compressor design point. The influences of inclination angle of diffuser vane leading edges on the pressure waves with different convective velocities, generated by the impeller-diffuser interaction and pseudo-periodic unsteady separation bubbles, were captured in the time/space domain along the diffuser blade surfaces. Since it is important to understand that the far-field acoustics are dominated by the internal pressure fluctuations inside the passages, the near-field pressure fluctuation spectra captured at the impeller-diffuser interface are evaluated to analyze the tonal BPF noise as the main noise source in the centrifugal compressors. It is shown that the inclined leading edges are very useful not only for improvement of the pressure recovery characteristics within the diffuser but also for the reduction of the interaction tonal BPF noise (around 7.6 dB SPL reduction). Furthermore, it was found that by using the inclined leading edge, the vortical structures and separations within the diffuser passages were reduced which may cause the attenuation of the broadband noise components and the overall sound pressure level.
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Findlay, Matthew J., Pingfan He, Martha Salcudean, and Ian S. Gartshore. "A Row of Streamwise-Inclined Jets in Crossflow: Measurements and Calculations." In ASME 1996 International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 1996. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/96-gt-167.

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The velocity profiles and turbulence characteristics are measured for a row of square jets inclined at 30° to the streamwise direction. The jet spacing-to-width ratio is 3.0 and no temperature (density) difference between the jets and the crossflow is introduced. Measurements are made using a three-component LDV system operating in coincidence mode which provides three components of velocity and all six turbulent Reynolds stresses at each location. Jet-to-crossflow velocity ratios (blowing ratios) of 1.5. 1.0, and 0.5 are used and the jet Reynolds number is fixed at about 5000 for all velocity ratios. The results are compared with previous data from normal jets at the same blowing ratios so that the influence of inclination on vortex formation can be shown. Calculations are carried out for all cases using a non-orthogonal finite volume computer code with the k-ε turbulence model. It is shown that the flow field at the jet exit is strongly influenced by the crossflow as well as by the inlet conditions at the entrance to the jet orifice. Therefore it is very useful to extend the computational domain into the plenum. Computational results compared with experimental results for a velocity ratio of 0.5 agree reasonably well. Some under-prediction of the streamwise flow velocity is observed. The computed turbulence kinetic energy values also drop below the experimental values downstream and near the wall. Agreement is not as good for the higher velocity ratios, particularly for the turbulence kinetic energy. Strong non-isotropy of the turbulence field can be observed from the experimental data.

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