Добірка наукової літератури з теми "Wounds and injuries Microbiology"

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Статті в журналах з теми "Wounds and injuries Microbiology":

1
de Rooster, H., O. Taeymans, H. van Bree, and M. Risselada. "Penetrating injuries in dogs and cats." Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology 21, no. 05 (2008): 434–39. http://dx.doi.org/10.3415/vcot-07-02-0019.
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SummaryThe objective of this retrospective study was to assess radiographical and surgical findings, surgical management and outcome of penetrating injuries in dogs and cats by evaluating patient records. Sixteen patients were identified (15 dogs and one cat), four with gunshot wounds, and 12 with fight wounds (11 with bite wounds, one struck by a claw). The thoracic cavity was affected in six patients, the abdominal cavity in three cases. Both cavities were affected in five dogs and the trachea in two cases. All of the patients with fight wounds were small breed dogs. Multiple injuries to internal organs that required intervention were found surgically after gunshot wounds and a high amount of soft tissue trauma requiring reconstruction was present after fight wounds. Radiography diagnosed body wall disruption in two cases. All of the affected thoracic body walls in the fight group had intercostal muscle disruptions which was diagnosed surgically. Fourteen patients survived until discharge and had a good outcome. In conclusion, penetrating injuries should be explored as they are usually accompanied by severe damage to either the internal organs or to the body wall. A high level of awareness is required to properly determine the degree of trauma of intercostal muscle disruption in thoracic fight wounds.
2
Jha, Shilpa, Wasim S. Khan, and Nashat A. Siddiqui. "Mammalian Bite Injuries to the Hand and Their Management." Open Orthopaedics Journal 8, no. 1 (June 2014): 194–98. http://dx.doi.org/10.2174/1874325001408010194.
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Bite wounds are a common form of hand injury with the potential to lead to severe local and systemic sequelae and permanent functional impairment. Mammalian bite wounds may be caused by a variety of animal class and species; injuries resulting from dogs, cats and humans are the most widely discussed and reported in the literature. Bite wounds may be contaminated with aggressive pathogens and the anatomical vulnerability of structures within the hand means that without early recognition and treatment with irrigation and antibiotics, alongside a low index of suspicion for deep structural involvement requiring formal surgical exploration and washout, the consequences of such injuries can be disastrous. We review the literature and discuss the epidemiology, pathophysiology and microbiology relating to these injuries, as well as clinical aspects including signs, symptoms, and management.
3
Chen, Amy Y., Michael G. Stewart, and Glenn Raup. "Penetrating Injuries of the Face." Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery 115, no. 5 (November 1996): 464–70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/019459989611500519.
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We reviewed 78 consecutive cases of penetrating facial injuries treated at Ben Taub General Hospital in Houston, Texas, between 1992 and 1994, and we analyzed injury patterns on the basis of (1) the mechanism of injury, and (2) the entry zone of the wounds. We found that gunshot wounds were more likely to require emergent airway establishment than shotgun wounds or stab wounds ( p = 0.03). We noted a higher prevalence of globe injury among shotgun wounds than among gunshot wounds ( p = 0.02). Nine (12%) patients had intracranial penetration of a bullet or shotgun pellet. Patients with gunshot wounds required open reduction and internal fixation of facial bone fractures more frequently than patients with shotgun wounds ( p = 0.01). Thirty patients underwent arteriograms, and 10 demonstrated positive findings. Although there were only 3 deaths in our series, 29 (37%) patients overall had some complication caused by their penetrating facial trauma, including blindness in 12 patients. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of complications between gunshot, shotgun, and stab wounds ( p = 0.18). With these injury patterns in mind, we describe an algorithm for evaluation and management of penetrating injuries of the face.
4
Richards, John T., Archie Overmann, Jonathan A. Forsberg, and Benjamin K. Potter. "Complications of Combat Blast Injuries and Wounds." Current Trauma Reports 4, no. 4 (August 2018): 348–58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40719-018-0143-1.
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5
Maslyakov, VV, EV Krjukov, VG Barsukov, KG Kurkin, PA Dorzhiev, and VR Gorbelik. "Heart injuries: main clinical symptoms." Laboratory diagnostics, no. 1 (February 2019): 53–56. http://dx.doi.org/10.24075/brsmu.2019.003.
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Injuries to the heart are uncommon in peacetime, yet they result in life-threatening conditions, which makes timely diagnostics a crucial factor in saving patients' lives. In this connection, it is important to define the main signs of heart injuries. This study aimed to analyze the basic clinical symptoms associated with various wounds to the heart. We have retrospectively analyzed such symptoms registered in 86 patients with varying chest injuries that affect the heart. All patients were treated in the emergency surgery unit of the Engels Town Hospital from 1991 to 2017. 41 (47.6%) patient had stab wounds, and there were 45 (52.3%) cases of gunshot wounds. 23 (26.7%) patients had chest injuries affecting heart exclusively, while for 63 (73.2%) the consequences were wounds to other organs. We found that the clinical picture depends on the kind of injury to the heart: stab and slash wounds translate into more pronounced symptoms, while gunshot wounds do not produce such an effect. Accepting patients, practitioners should take this fact into account. The misdiagnosis rate for stab and slash heart wounds is 9.7%, that for gunshot wounds — 17.7%, the latter being the result of vagueness of the clinical picture. The clinical signs are most pronounced in the cases of stab and slash wounds to the heart.
6
Maurin, Olga, Stanislas de Régloix, Stéphane Dubourdieu, Hugues Lefort, Stéphane Boizat, Benoit Houze, Jennifer Culoma, Guillaume Burlaton, and Jean-Pierre Tourtier. "Maxillofacial Gunshot Wounds." Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 30, no. 3 (April 2015): 316–19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s1049023x1500463x.
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AbstractThe majority of maxillofacial gunshot wounds are caused by suicide attempts. Young men are affected most often. When the lower one-third of the face is involved, airway patency (1.6% of the cases) and hemorrhage control (1.9% of the cases) are the two most urgent complications to monitor and prevent. Spinal fractures are observed with 10% of maxillary injuries and in 20% of orbital injuries. Actions to treat the facial gunshot victim need to be performed, keeping in mind spine immobilization until radiographic imaging is complete and any required spinal stabilization accomplished. Patients should be transported to a trauma center equipped to deal with maxillofacial and neurosurgery because 40% require emergency surgery. The mortality rate of maxillofacial injuries shortly after arrival at a hospital varies from 2.8% to 11.0%. Complications such as hemiparesis or cranial nerve paralysis occur in 20% of survivors. This case has been reported on a victim of four gunshot injuries. One of the gunshots was to the left mandibular ramus and became lodged in the C4 vertebral bone.MaurinO, de RégloixS, DubourdieuS, LefortH, BoizatS, HouzeB, CulomaJ, BurlatonG, TourtierJP. Maxillofacial gunshot wounds. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2015;30(3):14.
7
Leppäniemi, Ari, and Reijo Haapiainen. "Occult Diaphragmatic Injuries Caused by Stab Wounds." Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 55, no. 4 (October 2003): 646–50. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.ta.0000092592.63261.7e.
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8
Madsen, AS, GL Laing, JL Bruce, and DL Clarke. "A comparative audit of gunshot wounds and stab wounds to the neck in a South African metropolitan trauma service." Annals of The Royal College of Surgeons of England 98, no. 7 (September 2016): 488–95. http://dx.doi.org/10.1308/rcsann.2016.0181.
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Introduction The aim of this comparative study of gunshot wounds (GSWs) and stab wounds (SWs) to the neck was to quantify the impact of the mechanism of injury on the outcome and management of penetrating neck injury (PNI). Methods A prospective trauma registry was interrogated retrospectively. Data were analysed pertaining to demographics and injury severity score (ISS), physiology on presentation, anatomical site of wounds and injuries sustained, investigations, management, outcome and complications. Results There were 452 SW and 58 GSW cases over the 46 months of the study. Patients with GSWs were more likely to have extracervical injuries than those with SWs (69% vs 63%). The incidence of a ‘significant cervical injury’ was almost twice as high in the GSW cohort (55% vs 31%). For patients with transcervical GSWs, this increased to 80%. The mean ISS was 17 for GSW and 11 for SW patients. Those in the GSW cohort presented with threatened airways and a requirement for an emergency airway three times as often as patients with SWs (24% vs 7% and 14% vs 5% respectively). The incidence among GSW and SW patients respectively was 5% and 6% for airway injuries, 12% and 8% for injuries to the digestive tract, 21% and 16% for vascular injuries, 59% and 10% for associated cervical injuries, 36% and 14% for maxillofacial injuries, 16% and 9% for injuries to the head, and 35% and 45% for injuries to the chest. In the GSW group, 91% underwent computed tomography angiography (CTA), with 23% of these being positive for a vascular injury. For SWs, 74% of patients underwent CTA, with 17% positive for a vascular injury. Slightly more patients with GSWs required operative intervention than those with SWs (29% vs 26%). Conclusions Patients with GSWs to the neck have a worse outcome than those with injuries secondary to SWs. However, the proportion of neck injuries actually requiring direct surgical intervention is not increased and most cases with PNI secondary to GSWs can be managed conservatively with a good outcome. Imaging should be performed for all GSWs to the neck.
9
Bingol, Hakan. "Abdominal Vascular Injuries Due to Missile Wounds." Journal of Academic Research in Medicine 4, no. 1 (May 2014): 25–27. http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/jarem.2013.03.
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Mitchell, S. Weir, George R. Morehouse, and William W. Keen. "THE CLASSIC: Gunshot Wounds and Other Injuries of Nerves." Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 458 (May 2007): 35–39. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/blo.0b013e31803df02c.
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Дисертації з теми "Wounds and injuries Microbiology":

1
Murnyack, Roberta Michelle. "Development of a three-dimensional finite element model of lateral controlled cortical impact injury in the rat with geometry from magnetic resonance imaging." Thesis, Georgia Institute of Technology, 2011. http://hdl.handle.net/1853/17058.
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2
Hudson, Diana Stark. "Immersion- and recreationalboating related injuries in Alaska /." Stockholm, 2005. http://diss.kib.ki.se/2005/91-7140-454-6/.
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3
Made, Curt. "Alpine ski sport injuries in Swedish Lapland." Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary, Umeå universitet, Kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, 2009. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-27706.
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Downhill skiing is associated with recreation, youth, speed, aerials and crowded courses which carry increased risk of injuries. The aim of this study was to evaluate downhill sport injuries in a Swedish ski resort. Material and methodsIn a case-control study ongoing 1989/90–2006/07, 3,696 injured skiers were registered. After informed consent the injured were assessed by a physician and asked to answer a questionnaire concerning skier, skiing and injury. ResultsAfter three years 481 injured skiers (41% females, mean age 23) were assessed. The injury rate was 1.13/1,000 skier days. Knee injury was most common (28%), followed by head/neck (13%) and lower leg (11%). Fractures were less common (23%) than sprains (44%). Among skiers below the age of 20, fractures outnumbered sprains. Helmet usage was high among children (<10 years; 83%), but very rare in adults. The injured skiers rarely tested positive for alcohol (1.1%, uninjured 5.0%) and no effect on skiing or injury rates were registered.A one-year follow-up about the ski injury outcome shows that the mean sick leave was 40 days and that 29% still had symptoms.94 injured telemark skiers were assessed over 11 years (females 36%, mean age 28). The ankle was the most common injury location (28%), followed by knee injury (19%) and injuries of head/neck (17%). Beginners suffered most ankle injuries (37%). The use of high-shafted boots increased (24% to 67%), while injuries to the ankle/foot diminished from 35% to 22%.568 snowboard injured were studied over 10 years (females 34%, mean age 19). Snowboard riding increased strongly during the period (<5% to 26%). The injury rate was 3/1,000 skier days. Injuries were mostly located in the upper extremities (54%). Head/neck accounted for 17%. Wrist fracture was the most common diagnosis (20%). Beginners had a higher incidence of lower arm/wrist injuries while advanced riders had more head/neck injuries.1,833 injured alpine skiers were evaluated over 16 years (females 45%, mean age 24). The injury rate was the lowest of all downhill ski sports (1.1/1,000 skier days). The lower extremity was the most common injury location (51%), the knee being the most commonly injured body part. Knee injuries affected females (39%) more often than males (23%). Head/neck injury came second (12%). Lower leg injury was most frequent in children (<10 y; 32%). Sprains were more common (43%) than fractures (22%). Beginners took fewer risks, had more falls and were injured relatively often. Helmet usage increased (25% to 58%). Helmet users reduced their risk of head injury. The severity of injury (AIS 3–6) decreased (3,4% to 1,6%).The over all results (18 years) showed similar injury incidences to the separate studies but a few specific diagnoses, e.g. knee injuries showed variations. ConclusionThe injury rate was highest in snowboarding and lowest in alpine skiing. Knee injury, especially in females, was the most common injury, the upper extremity in snowboarding and the lower extremity in telemark skiing. Helmet usage increased rapidly. Helmets have a protective effect. Ski safety work should focus on risk groups. Lift owners need to take the responsibility for ski safety work.
4
Hang, Hoang Minh. "Epidemiology of unintentional injuries in rural Vietnam /." Umeå : Public Health and Clinical Medicine, 2004. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-322.
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5
Ottosson, Carin. "Somato-psycho-social aspects of recovery after traffic injuries /." Stockholm, 2006. http://diss.kib.ki.se/2006/91-7140-721-9/.
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Ackermann, Tessa Ruth. "Minor "dings" - major effects? a study into the cognitive effects of mild head injuries in high school rugby." Thesis, Rhodes University, 2000. http://hdl.handle.net/10962/d1002429.
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The present study is part of a larger and ongoing research initiative investigating the cumulative cognitive effects of mild head injury in rugby union and focused specifically on high school rugby players. A comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tests was administered to top team high school rugby players (n = 47), and a non-contact sport control group of top team high school hockey players (n = 34). Direct comparisons of group mean scores and standard deviations across each neuropsychological test were carried out for the Total Rugby group versus the Total Hockey group as well as for the subgroups Rugby Forwards versus Rugby Backs. A correlational analysis was conducted to ascertain whether a relationship exists between the number of mild head injuries reported by the players and their cognitive test performance. Results of the group comparisons of means and variability on WMS Paired Associate Learning Hard Pairs - Delayed Recall provides tentative indications of the initial stages of diffuse damage associated with mild head injury in the rugby group and provides some evidence for impairment of verbal learning and memory in the Rugby Forwards group. The correlational analysis revealed no significant relationship between number of reported mild head injuries and cognitive performance. The findings and possible latent effects of the multiple mild head injuries reported by the rugby players are discussed in terms of brain reserve capacity theory and suggestions for future research are provided.
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Cairns, Scott. "Biofilms : biomaterials and chronic wounds." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation, Cardiff University, 2012. http://orca.cf.ac.uk/50559/.
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Healthcare associated infections (HCAIs) are a large and growing problem. Bacterial infections of patients and on the medical devices used to treat them represent a significant source of morbidity and mortality. There is also a significant economical impact to the healthcare system attributed to HCAIs. While bacterial infections per se are not a novel problem, the discovery of an adherent polymicrobial phenotype called a biofilm is. A biofilm is defined by its structure and the community of bacteria therein. This study investigated bacteria biofilms in a number of pertinent clinical scenarios. To achieve this, samples were taken from five different but related clinical areas where biofilms are known to infect or are suspected to, namely endotracheal tubes, tracheostomy tubes, burn wounds, chronic wounds and chronic wound dressings. Samples were analysed using microbiological and molecular analysis techniques, the latter included polymerase chain reactions, species-specific PCR and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis to assess microbial diversity. Fluorescent in-situ hybridization was used subsequently to analyse species orientation and biofilm structure within the biofilm. This study showed a diverse bacterial population in all the samples, with the presence of oral biota in the ETT specimens, changing to commensal bacteria over time. Large threedimensional biofilm structures were present in the specimens confirming the presence of biofilms, and within one of the chronic wound dressings where a complex biofilm was visible within the matrix of the dressing itself. These findings have considerable significance clinically, not only in demonstrating the need for biofilm targeted diagnostic techniques, but also in highlighting the need for specific biofilm treatment modalities in critical care, burn services and chronic wound management.
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Scarvell, Jennifer. "Kinematics and degenerative change in ligament-injured knees." University of Sydney, 2004. http://hdl.handle.net/2123/4139.
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Doctor of Philosophy
The aim of the work presented in this thesis was to examine the associations between the kinematics of the knee characterised by the tibiofemoral contact pattern, and degenerative change, in the context of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. While the natural history of degenerative change following knee injury is well understood, the role of kinematics in these changes is unclear. Kinematics of the knee has been described in a variety of ways, most commonly by describing motion according to the six degrees of freedom of the knee. The advantage of mapping the tibiofemoral contact pattern is that it describes events at the articular surface, important to degenerative change. It was hypothesised that the tibiofemoral contact pattern would be affected by injury to the knee. A model of ACL injury was chosen because the kinematics of the knee have been shown to be affected by ACL injury, and because the majority of chronic ACL-deficient knees develop osteoarthritis, the associations between kinematics and degenerative change could be explored. A technique of tibiofemoral contact pattern mapping was established using MRI, as a quantifiable measure of knee kinematics. The tibiofemoral contact pattern was recorded from 0º to 90º knee flexion while subjects performed a leg-press against a 150N load, using sagittal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. The technique was tested and found to be reliable, allowing a description of the tibiofemoral contact pattern in 12 healthy subjects. The tibiofemoral contact patterns of knee pathology were then examined in a series of studies of subjects at a variety of stages of chronicity of ligament injury and osteoarthritis. Twenty subjects with recent ACL injury, 23 subjects with chronic ACL deficiency of at least 10 years standing, and 14 subjects with established osteoarthritis of the knee were recruited. The 20 subjects with recent ACL injury were examined again at 12 weeks and 2 years following knee reconstruction. The tibiofemoral contact patterns were examined for each group of subjects and the associations between changes in the contact patterns and evidence of joint damage explored. Evidence of joint damage and severity of osteoarthritis were recorded from xrays, diagnostic MRI, operation reports and bone densitometry at the tibial and femoral condyles of the knee. Each of the three groups with knee pathology exhibited different characteristics in the tibiofemoral contact pattern, and these differences were associated with severity of joint damage and osteoarthritis. The recently ACL-injured knees demonstrated a tibiofemoral contact pattern that was posterior on the tibial plateau, particularly in the lateral compartment. Those with chronic ACL deficiency demonstrated differences in the contact pattern in the medial compartment, associated with severity of damage to the knee joint. Osteoarthritic knees showed reduced femoral roll back and longitudinal rotation that normally occur during knee flexion. Two years following knee reconstruction there was no difference between the contact pattern of the reconstructed and healthy contralateral knees. This technique of tibiofemoral contact pattern mapping is sensitive to the abnormal characteristics of kinematics in ligament injury and osteoarthritis. This is the first time the tibiofemoral contact characteristics of chronic ACL-deficient and osteoarthritis knees have been described and links examined between tibiofemoral contact patterns and degenerative change.
9
Scarvell, Jennifer. "Kinematics and degenerative change in ligament-injured knees." University of Sydney, 2004. http://hdl.handle.net/2123/4139.
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Doctor of Philosophy
The aim of the work presented in this thesis was to examine the associations between the kinematics of the knee characterised by the tibiofemoral contact pattern, and degenerative change, in the context of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. While the natural history of degenerative change following knee injury is well understood, the role of kinematics in these changes is unclear. Kinematics of the knee has been described in a variety of ways, most commonly by describing motion according to the six degrees of freedom of the knee. The advantage of mapping the tibiofemoral contact pattern is that it describes events at the articular surface, important to degenerative change. It was hypothesised that the tibiofemoral contact pattern would be affected by injury to the knee. A model of ACL injury was chosen because the kinematics of the knee have been shown to be affected by ACL injury, and because the majority of chronic ACL-deficient knees develop osteoarthritis, the associations between kinematics and degenerative change could be explored. A technique of tibiofemoral contact pattern mapping was established using MRI, as a quantifiable measure of knee kinematics. The tibiofemoral contact pattern was recorded from 0º to 90º knee flexion while subjects performed a leg-press against a 150N load, using sagittal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. The technique was tested and found to be reliable, allowing a description of the tibiofemoral contact pattern in 12 healthy subjects. The tibiofemoral contact patterns of knee pathology were then examined in a series of studies of subjects at a variety of stages of chronicity of ligament injury and osteoarthritis. Twenty subjects with recent ACL injury, 23 subjects with chronic ACL deficiency of at least 10 years standing, and 14 subjects with established osteoarthritis of the knee were recruited. The 20 subjects with recent ACL injury were examined again at 12 weeks and 2 years following knee reconstruction. The tibiofemoral contact patterns were examined for each group of subjects and the associations between changes in the contact patterns and evidence of joint damage explored. Evidence of joint damage and severity of osteoarthritis were recorded from xrays, diagnostic MRI, operation reports and bone densitometry at the tibial and femoral condyles of the knee. Each of the three groups with knee pathology exhibited different characteristics in the tibiofemoral contact pattern, and these differences were associated with severity of joint damage and osteoarthritis. The recently ACL-injured knees demonstrated a tibiofemoral contact pattern that was posterior on the tibial plateau, particularly in the lateral compartment. Those with chronic ACL deficiency demonstrated differences in the contact pattern in the medial compartment, associated with severity of damage to the knee joint. Osteoarthritic knees showed reduced femoral roll back and longitudinal rotation that normally occur during knee flexion. Two years following knee reconstruction there was no difference between the contact pattern of the reconstructed and healthy contralateral knees. This technique of tibiofemoral contact pattern mapping is sensitive to the abnormal characteristics of kinematics in ligament injury and osteoarthritis. This is the first time the tibiofemoral contact characteristics of chronic ACL-deficient and osteoarthritis knees have been described and links examined between tibiofemoral contact patterns and degenerative change.
10
Border, Michael Anthony. "Heads and tales: the effect of mild head injuries of rugby players: cognitive deficit and postconcussive symptoms." Thesis, Rhodes University, 2001. http://hdl.handle.net/10962/d1002446.
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This study investigated the cumulative effect of mild head injuries on rugby players. A comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tests was administered and subjects completed a self-report postconcussive symptom questionnaire. Data were collected for the two rugby groups, Springbok rugby players (n = 26) and Under 21 rugby players (n = 19), and for the control group, national hockey players (n = 21). Group comparisons of the percentage of individuals with deficit or self-reported symptomatology were made between: (i) the contact sport groups and the control group; (ii) the forwards and the backs within each rugby group and the rugby forwards and the control group; and (iii) the Springbok and Under 21 rugby players. Broadly speaking, comparative results on the neuropsychological tests and the self-reported postconcussive symptoms clearly distinguished between contact sport players and non-contact sport players and indicated the presence of diffuse brain damage in the contact sport players. There was also clear evidence of positional variation within the rugby groups, with the forwards (more full contact positions) most susceptible to impairment. Neuropsychological test results revealed deficit in information processing speed, attention and concentration, mental flexibility, visual memory and verbal new learning. The most significant neuropsychiatric complaints were reported in the areas of memory, social contact, sensitivity to noise, lowered frustration tolerance, anxiety and worry, and depression. The most sensitive neuropsychological test used in the present study was the Digit Symbol Substitution test. This test clearly distinguished contact sport players from non-contact sport players, and forwards from backs.

Книги з теми "Wounds and injuries Microbiology":

1
Percival, Steven L. Microbiology of wounds. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2010.
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2
Trott, Alexander. Wounds and lacerations: Emergency care and closure. 2nd ed. St. Louis: Mosby, 1997.
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3
Trott, Alexander. Wounds and lacerations: Emergency care and closure. St. Louis: Mosby Year Book, 1991.
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4
Shartava, Tsisana. Health issues, injuries, and diseases. New York: Nova Science Publishers, 2011.
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5
Zederfeldt, Bengt. Wounds & wound healing. London: Wolfe Medical, 1986.
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6
Zederfeldt, B. Wounds & wound healing. London: Wolfe Medical, 1986.
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7
Frost, Joe L. Children and injuries. Tucson, AZ: Lawyers & Judges Pub. Co., 2001.
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8
Gresham, G. A. Colour atlas of wounds and wounding. Lancaster: MTP Press, 1986.
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9
Gresham, G. A. Colour atlas of wounds and wounding. Lancaster: MTP, 1986.
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10
Trott, Alexander. Wounds and lacerations: Emergency care and closure. 4th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier/Saunders, 2012.
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Статті в газетах з теми "Wounds and injuries Microbiology":

1
Fedorkiv, L. "Ira Aldridge (1807-1867) and Taras Shewchenko (1814-1861)." Український голос, 13 March 2017.
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Тітаренко, Т. "Практика морського права у 2018 р. в Україні: successes and failures". Юридична газета, 26 грудня 2018.
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Lozynskyj, A. "A Soviet Prism. The life and times of a Ukrainian nationalist." Церква і життя, 27 September–17 October 2012.
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Частини книг з теми "Wounds and injuries Microbiology":

1
Presterl, Elisabeth, Magda Diab-El Schahawi, Luigi Segagni Lusignani, Helga Paula, and Jacqui S. Reilly. "Puncture Wounds and Needle-Related Injuries." In Basic Microbiology and Infection Control for Midwives, 151–53. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2018. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02026-2_16.
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Gilchrist, B. "The Microbiology of Wounds." In Wound Healing and Skin Physiology, 387–91. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1995. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-77882-7_37.
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Orgill, Dennis P. "Operative Management of Pressure Injuries." In Interventional Treatment of Wounds, 75–84. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2018. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-66990-8_5.
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Hanson, R. Reid, and Amelia S. Munsterman. "Treatment of Burn Injuries, Gunshot Wounds, and Dog-Bite Wounds." In Equine Wound Management, 476–89. Hoboken, NJ, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781118999219.ch20.
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Hadrill, David. "4. How to prevent wounds and injuries; How to treat wounds." In Horse Healthcare, 86–111. Rugby, Warwickshire, United Kingdom: Practical Action Publishing, 2002. http://dx.doi.org/10.3362/9781780443515.004.
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Heegaard, William G., and Gary M. Vilke. "Factitious Conducted Electrical Weapon Wounds: Injuries and Considerations." In Atlas of Conducted Electrical Weapon Wounds and Forensic Analysis, 131–42. New York, NY: Springer New York, 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3543-3_7.
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Badr, Hoda, Trina M. Barker, and Kathrin Milbury. "Couples’ Psychosocial Adaptation to Combat Wounds and Injuries." In Risk and Resilience in U.S. Military Families, 213–34. New York, NY: Springer New York, 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-7064-0_11.
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Gresham, G. Austin. "Wounds." In Colour Atlas of Wounds and Wounding, 9–27. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 1986. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-4123-6_1.
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Graham, Michael. "Histopathology of Cutaneous Conducted Electrical Weapon Injuries." In Atlas of Conducted Electrical Weapon Wounds and Forensic Analysis, 79–111. New York, NY: Springer New York, 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3543-3_5.
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Brave, Michael. "Legal Aspects of Conducted Electrical Weapon Injuries, Wounds, and Effects." In Atlas of Conducted Electrical Weapon Wounds and Forensic Analysis, 143–54. New York, NY: Springer New York, 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3543-3_8.
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Тези доповідей конференцій з теми "Wounds and injuries Microbiology":

1
Zhang, Jiangyue, Narayan Yoganandan, Cheryl A. Muszynski, Frank A. Pintar, and Thomas A. Gennarelli. "Analysis of Penetrating Head Impact." In ASME 2004 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. ASMEDC, 2004. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/imece2004-59899.
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Анотація:
Impact-induced injuries can be classified into blunt and penetrating types. Penetrating injuries are often the byproduct of gunshot wounds and these injuries to the head result in significant mortality and morbidity. The objective of the study is to determine the probability of fatality as a function of admission Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and injury volumes (hematoma and edema) in gunshot wounds using computed tomography (CT) scans. Head CT images from 19 patients were analyzed. Hematoma and edema volumes were computed using grayscale equivalents and special computer software. Hematoma and edema volumes were found to be better predictors than GCS. In addition to admission GCS, hematoma and edema volumes may allow more accurate prediction of outcome, and these data should provide informed counseling of relatives and improved guidelines for more efficient resource allocation during the acute care phase.
2
Lamping, Jeffrey W., Stephen K. Bubb, and Terence E. McIff. "Effectiveness of Negative Pressure in Promoting Tissue Growth Into Porous Metal Implants." In ASME 2012 Summer Bioengineering Conference. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/sbc2012-80884.
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Анотація:
Extremity War Injuries (EWI) with large open segmental and periarticular defects constitute a high volume and high morbidity challenge for the military trauma management system. Open segmental tibia and elbow fractures caused by Improvised Explosive Device (IED) wounds, are two examples of such injuries. Several problems occur when trying to repair such a wound. The large, gaping wounds make skin closure difficult. Infection is also a prevalent complication typically caused by debris contaminating the wound. Lastly, large amounts of damaged tissue including segmental bone defects make repair difficult.
3
Izmailov, Sergey, Julia Perevezentseva, Andrey Rotkov, Vladimir Beschastnov, Evgeniy Popov, and Egor Lukoyanychev. "Mathematical Justification of the Wound suturing by Wound Contractors of new Generation." In International Conference "Computing for Physics and Technology - CPT2020". Bryansk State Technical University, 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.30987/conferencearticle_5fce2772128d09.10616351.
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Анотація:
Frequent cases of man-made disasters, terrorist attacks and military conflicts lead to an increase in the number of victims. Significant soft tissue defects are known to result from gunshot wounds. So, as a result of mine-blasting injuries, defects in the skin and underlying tissues more than 10 cm in diameter are formed in 71.1% of cases. The prerequisite for the uncomplicated course of the wound process is to achieve an adequate comparison of the edges of the wound without excessive tension. To close such extensive wounds, various technical means are used: sutures on pads, various types of dermatotension. We have developed various models of wound contractors (RC) for treatment of wounds. With the help of the RC, a complete reposition and good adaptation of the edges of the wound is created. The wound closure method using these RC almost completely eliminates tissue cutting and limits the sawing effect to a minimum. This is explained by the effects of elastic forces reducing to zero when matching soft tissues and suturing. The use of hardware methods for suturing wounds requires the development of mathematical models of various types of wounds and surgical sutures. These models should provide a simulation of living tissues of the wound edges behavior to achieve the best results in the treatment of wounds by RC advanced technologies. The purpose of this study is to mathematically justify RC with the parallel holding of spokes. Another purpose is to develop a mathematical model of the wounds suturing by hardware technology.
4
Fabio, Anthony, Shiyao Gao, Michael Bell, Patrick Kochanek, and Stephen Wisniewski. "97 Gunshot wounds to the head: the epidemiology of severe paediatric firearm-related traumatic brain injuries." In SAVIR 2017. BMJ Publishing Group Ltd, 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/injuryprev-2017-042560.97.
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5
Zhang, Jiangyue, and Frank A. Pintar. "A Finite Element Study of Blast Overpressure on the Skull With and Without Helmet." In ASME 2010 Summer Bioengineering Conference. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/sbc2010-19083.
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Анотація:
The use of advanced personal armor, especially the helmet, during combat has significantly reduced the incidence and severity of life threatening penetrating injuries from gunshot and blast shrapnel to the head and improved the overall survival rate of soldiers in combat [1]. On the other hand, the number of blast related injuries (68%) has increased to more than 4 times that of gunshot wounds (15%) and other injuries (17%), among which blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI) has became the signature wound of the U.S. armed forces in Iraq and Afghanistan due to increased use of improvised explosive devices (IED) and rocket-propelled grenades (RPG) by the insurgents [2–4]. It is well known in detonation physics that the presence of a close proximity surface will increase the overpressure on the target due to blast wave reflection [5, 6]. The helmet, which has saved many lives from otherwise fatal penetration and blunt impact injuries, may unfortunately also serve as a reflecting surface and pose increased blast injury threat to the head. Consequently, the current study was designed to compare blast overpressures on the skull with and without helmet using a human head computational model.
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Korotchenko, V. V. "Sports injuries." In Scientific trends: pedagogy and psychology. ЦНК МОАН, 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.18411/sciencepublic-04-06-2020-11.
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Machado, Roberto Mathias, Carolina Rosa Oliveira, Lívia Andrade Vitória, André Carlos Freitas, Flávia Calo Aquino Xavier, Luciana Maria Pedreira Ramalho, and A. L. B. Pinheiro. "Differential expression of myofibroblasts on CO2 laser wounds and scalpel wounds: an experimental model." In Laser Florence 2017: Advances in Laser Medicine, edited by Leonardo Longo. SPIE, 2018. http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2315599.
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CHIRVA, Y. V., and M. I. BABICH. "TREATMENT OF DEFECTS IN BONES AND SOFT TISSUE WOUNDS IN VICTIMS WITH INJURIES OF THE LOWER EXTREMITIES BY THE METHOD OF SEQUENTIAL OSTEOSYNTHESIS." In Проблемы и вопросы современной науки. Научно-Издательский Центр Международной Объединенной Академии Наук (НИЦ МОАН), 2018. http://dx.doi.org/10.18411/pivsn-18.
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Hinz, Brandon J., and Karim H. Muci-Küchler. "Study of Air Flow Into Ballistic Wounds Using Flow Visualization Experiments and Numerical Simulations." In ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/imece2012-88106.
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Анотація:
A common type of battlefield injury involves high speed fragments of different sizes and shapes hitting the human body, particularly the extremities. Gaining a better understanding of the mechanisms involved in those injuries can result in better strategies for providing medical care. One aspect that still requires additional research is the contamination of ballistic wounds. Studies published in the open literature have shown that in perforating projectile wounds airborne debris such as skin, cloth, and soil particles are introduced into the wound by either the projectile or by the suction created due to the formation of the temporary wound cavity. These debris can transport bacteria resulting in infection, delayed wound healing, or other complications. The amount of suction and ultimately the bacteria distribution in ballistic wounds can vary depending on parameters such as projectile velocity, caliber, mass, and location of injury. Numerical models can be used to study the influence of various parameters on the suction effect but experimental data is needed to validate the simulation results. This paper presents an experiment developed to provide an initial evaluation of numerical models of the air flow and suction effect in perforating projectile wounds. The experiment used rectangular prism (cuboid) targets made of ballistic gelatin which is a common soft-tissue surrogate material used in ballistic research. These targets were shot with 11.43 mm (0.45 in) caliber round lead projectiles fired from air rifles at approximately 230 m/s. The air flow into the temporary cavity of the tissue surrogate targets was visualized using a vapor curtain placed at the projectile entry location. A high speed digital camera captured the movement of the vapor curtain and the formation of the temporary wound cavity during the tests. To simulate the experiment, a Coupled Eulerian-Lagrangian (CEL) model was run using Abaqus/Explicit. In the model, the mechanical behavior of the soft-tissue surrogate target was represented using a hyper-elastic constitutive relation. A small pre-made cylindrical channel was added to the targets to avoid using techniques such as element erosion or considering material failure when modeling the passage of the projectile through the material. Qualitative and limited quantitative results from the model were compared with the results from the laboratory tests.
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Tan, Emir. "NANOTECHNOLOGY IN MICROBIOLOGY." In 13th SGEM GeoConference NANO, BIO AND GREEN � TECHNOLOGIES FOR A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE. Stef92 Technology, 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.5593/sgem2013/bf6/s24.008.
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Звіти організацій з теми "Wounds and injuries Microbiology":

1
Author, Not Given. Applied and Environmental Microbiology [agenda and attendee list]. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), July 1999. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/806576.
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2
Afromowitz, Martin A., and James D. Callis. Spectroscopy of Burn Wounds. Fort Belvoir, VA: Defense Technical Information Center, May 1992. http://dx.doi.org/10.21236/ada251850.
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Afromowitz, Martin A., and James D. Callis. Spectroscopy of Burn Wounds. Fort Belvoir, VA: Defense Technical Information Center, November 1990. http://dx.doi.org/10.21236/ada237328.
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Spormann, Alfred. The Hopkins Microbiology Course. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), July 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/1544817.
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Jaing, C. Integrated Detection of Pathogens and Host Biomarkers for Wounds. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), May 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/1149541.
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Jaing, C. Integrated Detection of Pathogens and Host Biomarkers for Wounds. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), March 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/1047792.
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Jaing, C. Integrated Detection of Pathogens and Host Biomarkers for Wounds. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), March 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/1073118.
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Jaing Nicholas, Crystal. Integrated Detection of Pathogens and Host Biomarkers for Wounds. Fort Belvoir, VA: Defense Technical Information Center, April 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.21236/ada560200.
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Dolen, Virginia, Kenneth Bahk, Karen C. Carroll, Keith Klugman, and Nathan A. Ledeboer. Changing Diagnostic Paradigms for Microbiology. Chair Melissa B. Miller. American Society for Microbiology, 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/aamcol.17-18oct.2016.
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Marsh, Anne S. FAQ: Microbiology of Built Environments. American Society for Microbiology, September 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/aamcol.sept.2015.
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