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SummaryRecent changes in vital rates in Fiji suggest that the Melanesian (MF) component of the population is growing faster than the Indian (IF) component, thus reversing a long-standing demographic trend.Patterns of family building were studied in the respondent families of 302 MF and 324 IF children at school in the capital, Suva. Melanesian families were larger than IF families, even when corrected for differences in maternal age and social class. Particularly among IF families, there was a significant effect of social class on family size, higher status families having fewer children. Among all groups there was evidence of a secular trend to earlier childbearing and, less clearly, to an earlier cessation of childbearing. Among both races age-specific fertility levels were similar in younger age-groups, but older IF mothers showed significantly lower fertility.It is suggested that among IF families, who form a more urbanized and commercially/industrially oriented segment of the Fijian population, two factors may account for the reduction in fertility: (i) pressure to limit population growth in the interests of racial harmony; and (ii) economic pressure resulting in a demographic transition. The latter suggestion is supported by the fact that the greatest decrease in fertility occurs among high status families. Among MFs the reduction in fertility has been less, due probably to the absence of a ‘racial harmony’ incentive and also to a lesser economic stimulus.
Dovgal, O. A., and I. O. Panova. "Environmental aspects of world socio-economic development." Economic scope, no. 140 (December 26, 2018): 158–67. http://dx.doi.org/10.30838/p.es.2224.261218.158.336.
SHEVCHUK, ANATOLY V. "ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF ARCTIC DEVELOPMENT." Scientific Works of the Free Economic Society of Russia 226, no. 6 (2020): 146–62. http://dx.doi.org/10.38197/2072-2060-2020-226-6-146-162.
The Arctic is of great importance for the development of the country’s economy. At the same time, the active entry of industry into this region brings with it environmental risks. The most difficult issues for reducing environmental stress in this zone are the elimination of accumulated environmental damage, prevention and elimination of accidents. The important decisions made in the development of the Arctic provide for the implementation of environmental protection measures based on the national project “Ecology”. Large industrial enterprises located in the Arctic will play a significant role in this. To ensure conditions for the further development of the economy in this zone, it is necessary to intensify the work on cleaning up the contaminated areas, including the completion of a project for the ecological improvement of the Franz Josef Land archipelago. The issue of assessing and eliminating the consequences of accidents is relevant for the Arctic, but in this direction it is necessary to improve the regulatory and methodological base. Based on the results of the study, specific measures are proposed to improve the environmental situation in the Arctic, including: to organize scientific research to assess the accumulated and current and environmental damage in the Arctic, to form a separate subprogram “Elimination of accumulated environmental damage in the Russian Arctic for the period 2022–2030”; to prepare proposals for the allocation of directions in the structure of the Arctic Development Fund for environmental safety and elimination of accumulated and future environmental damage; to develop a modern regulatory and methodological base for the determination of damage; to settle issues of a regulatory and methodological nature in terms of assessment and elimination of the consequences of accidents to develop proposals on the use of public-private partnership mechanisms with state funding of measures aimed at the rehabilitation of environmentally unfavorable territories, the elimination of environmental damage in the Arctic.
Sofer, M. "Core–Periphery Structure in Fiji." Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 6, no. 1 (March 1988): 55–74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/d060055.
The central theme of this paper is that a core – periphery structure which was established in Fiji in colonial times has been maintained in the current independent state. The basic structure has not changed and the nature of the relationships between the capitalist mode of production (as the main component of the core) and the village-based mode of production (as a typical mode of the periphery) are supporting the already polarized economic pattern. The current major mechanisms which operate to maintain the basic structure are the pattern of capital allocation, internal migration, the preservation of the village mode of production, and the monopolistic position of the core. These major mechanisms do not differ significantly from past mechanisms although the specific details may vary somewhat. Changes within the structure may occur through a transformation process, in which some basic modification in the production relations and the production forces of the village mode of production may occur. This is regarded as progress and may improve the position of the periphery in relation to the core but does not cause any change of the basic structure.
Ljesevic, Milutin, Milutin Mrksa, and Misko Milanovic. "Environmental aspects of rural development planning." Glasnik Srpskog geografskog drustva 91, no. 1 (2011): 33–50. http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/gsgd1101033l.
Environment of rural areas is specific. Rural area is different from the city because of the different densities of housing, different economic activities and different social psychological characteristics of the population. In contrast to the urban rural areas are mostly developed elementary, while the city doing different types of urban plans and development. Opinion is that the rural environment and healthier preserved from the city. However, as rising demand for food, so it is coming to an increase of different agro chemicals, additives and hormones. In recent times the current problems of genetically modified agricultural products. Therefore, is control and environmental management has become liabilities.
SHOMSHEKOVA, Balhiya Kulmesovna, Saken Ualikhanovich ABDIBEKOV, Bauyrzhan Susaruly KULBAY, Aibarshyn Mamlenovna KASENOVA, and Anar Satybaldinovna SADVAKASOVA. "Environmental and Economic Sustainability of Regional Development." Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism 11, no. 3 (June 14, 2020): 594. http://dx.doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v11.3(43).12.
In this study, the authors focus on the environmental and economic aspects of sustainable development at the regional level. Theoretical aspects of sustainable development of regions have been described, the main environmental problems giving rise to the formation of proposals for sustainable development have been presented, and the main systems of indicators of environmentally sustainable development have been analyzed. The analysis of the dynamics of the main indicators of the environment state in the Republic of Kazakhstan has been carried out and problems that impede the formation of environmentally sustainable development in the region have been identified. The directions of solving the problems of environmental sustainability of regions have been developed, providing for the construction of an organizational and economic mechanism for environmentally sustainable development, as well as improving several tools for managing sustainability. The authors attempt to fill in the existing gaps based on the materials of Kazakhstan, showing the problems of effective management of environmental sustainability based on the greening of industrial production, introduction of environmental innovations, development of the environmental culture of the population, as well as scientific justification of approaches to assessing regional environmental sustainability.
Mosiej, Józef. "Sustainable Rural Development Policy in Poland – Environmental Aspects." Acta Regionalia et Environmentalica 11, no. 2 (December 1, 2014): 41–51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/aree-2014-0008.
Abstract The author discusses issues of sustainable development in rural areas in Poland from the perspective of natural resources management. Sustainable development of rural areas is the way of managing which links economic, social and ethical principles with ecological safety. This may be reached by proper management, directed on cautious usage of ecosystems’ self-controlling mechanisms, with the progress of science and technology. Agriculture in Poland is one of the most important sectors from an economic perspective and its importance is greater in Poland than in other countries in the EU. It has an influence not only on the social and economic situation of the rural population, but also on the natural environment, structure of landscape and biodiversity. From ecological point of view, functions of rural areas are not only being a place for production of food, resources for industry and green energy, but also supplying environmental goods such as protection of biodiversity and influencing air and water quality as well as landscape. The author presents ways to reduce the pressure of agricultural activities on water resources in the region, catchment and farm scale
Khuntia, Nabanita, and Jitendra Mohan Mishra. "Economic and Environmental Aspects of SustainableTourism Development-A Conceptual Study." Atna - Journal of Tourism Studies 9, no. 1 (January 1, 2014): 15–28. http://dx.doi.org/10.12727/ajts.11.2.
The term sustainable development is a commonly and widely used term in our contemporary world. The concept has gained popularity because it satisfies the urge of both its environmentalists and the developers. Sustainable tourism is considered as the meeting point of the developers and environmentalists even as both of them are quite skeptic about each other and criticize each other. Tourism which is an economic sector can eradicate poverty to a great extent. But the overuse of the natural resources for the tourism activities always leads to the negative impact on the environment. So there is an urgent need to maintain the balance between development and environment; otherwise the ever grasping power of tourism and development will demolish the basic structure of the world. The aim of this paper is to study the dialogues of sustainable tourism with reference to environment and economy. The present article is a conceptual discussion of evolution and the issues of sustainable tourism under economy and the environmental heads and concludes that both environment and development have equal importance in the betterment and survival of the human society
Pop, Calin-Cornel, Vasile Septimiu Ormenisan, and Catalin Daniel Pop. "ENVIRONMENTAL AXES: MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. REGIONAL AND LOCAL ASPECTS." Environmental Engineering and Management Journal 15, no. 5 (2016): 1148–53. http://dx.doi.org/10.30638/eemj.2016.127.
Page, Andre Paul. "The barriers and opportunities of resource efficiency and cleaner production within a South African context." Thesis, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, 2017. http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11838/2800.
Thesis (MTech (Business Administration))--Cape Peninsula University of Technology, 2017. This research study investigates how environmental tools such as Resource Efficiency and Cleaner Production (RECP) can contribute to sustaining and supporting economic growth in South Africa. Resource optimisation is crucial when considering the concept of sustainable development. It also contributes to addressing the challenges of global warming and climate change, which in turn threaten industrial growth and sustainability in the long term. The study places emphasis on the barriers that prevent industry from implementing RECP recommendations, and identifies opportunities that could potentially reposition businesses should they consider implementation. It also promotes other sustainability tools that are available through collaboration with international entities, and this could be of great benefit to the South African industry. Factors of unemployment and urbanisation restricts national growth to some degree, hence the study explores how RECP can contribute to job retention by introducing new resource optimisation methodologies for the manufacturing sector, Moreover, it examines the imbalance between the demand as well as limitations of these resources. Through the compilation of data collated from questionnaires completed by industry, government and civil society participants, this study looks at achieving a balance between environmental sustainability and growth. It also looks at aligning this balance with the integration of specific economic and environmental policies, which also includes social aspects. What comes through significantly in this research is the lack of awareness within industry in terms of RECP, as well as the importance of prioritising the uptake of environmental initiatives to ensure that industry is compliant with the stringent policies and legislation designed by government to drive the sustainability process. Consequently the study shows that communication between public and private sector, as well as the awareness raising and marketing of sustainability to consumers need to be improved. An analysis of the various government support mechanisms is conducted, in respect of how industry could potentially leverage growth and drive positive change within their businesses. In addition to RECP, emphasis is placed on other Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) initiatives and tools that could possibly entrench sustainable practices and help with their incorporation into their business strategies.
Lam, Wai-ching, and 林惠展. "The level of economic development in China." Thesis, The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong), 2002. http://hub.hku.hk/bib/B3195358X.
Samuel, Hilary R. (Hilary Ruth). "Educating for sustainable development : a case study of an environmental immersion school." Thesis, McGill University, 1991. http://digitool.Library.McGill.CA:80/R/?func=dbin-jump-full&object_id=60475.
A new environmental immersion school has opened in Canada. This case study examines early stages of the project's implementation in order to contribute to an understanding of how best to implement environmental education in schools. Examination of the literature on educational change led to an analytical framework which included: (1) Characteristics of the innovation; (2) Strategies and tactics used; (3) Contextual characteristics; (4) Macro sociopolitical factors. This was used to categorize qualitative data collected through interviews, observation, a questionnaire and documents. The study uncovered a number of obstacles to implementation in the school, principally: (1) Conceptual problems about environmental education; (2) Poorly defined school philosophy and goals; (3) Difficulties in coordinating the project between individual efforts and departments; (4) A hiatus between administration and teacher perceptions. The case study provided insight on the process of curriculum implementation as well as specific issues relating to environmental education and the theme of sustainable development.
Hodges, Mark Hugh. "A progress report on the world bank's 1987 environmental policy reform." Thesis, Georgia Institute of Technology, 1992. http://hdl.handle.net/1853/32815.
Lemons, Kenneth Elvert. "A comparative study of technology assessment, social impact assessment and environmental impact assessment in developed and less developed countries : 1980-1994." Thesis, Georgia Institute of Technology, 1992. http://hdl.handle.net/1853/28952.
Wallace, Richard R. "Conceptualizing sustainability in public policy debate: economic, ecological, and political issues." Thesis, Georgia Institute of Technology, 1991. http://hdl.handle.net/1853/31062.
Joffe, David. "Modelling Technical, Spatial, Economic and Environmental Aspects of Hydrogen Infrastructure Development for London's Buses." Thesis, Imperial College London, 2010. http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.520837.
Recent evidence of widespread environmental degradation and global changes resulting from human activities have revived a debate about the sustainability of the progress of human welfare that began at least 200 years ago. In this renewed debate, the seriousness and causes of environmental degradation are subject to widely divergent interpretations. There are many conceivable sustainable futures; the most important differences among them are not technical but political and ideological.
The practice of environmental planning is concerned with a wide variety of contexts and situations at the human-environment interface. Because land use is at the root of many of the problems of environmental degradation (e.g., habitat destruction, air pollution, water pollution), land use planning is an appropriate focus for consideration of the role of environmental planning in sustainable development.
Planning as a profession, with its inherent future orientation and focus on public values, is well situated to deal with the kinds of problems raised in the discourse regarding sustainability. Examination of mainstream land use planning practices, however, reveals a reactive, reformist incrementalism that responds to environmental degradation caused by growth, but that addresses neither its causes nor its dynamics. Mainstream land use planning approaches have attempted to resolve conflicts between development and environment through spatial solutions at various scales. The need to plan for ecological sustainability is difficult to reconcile with the democratic ideal of local self-determination.
Many alternative approaches to land use planning for sustainable development focus on design solutions. The requirements of sustainability are not merely technical, however. There are both emancipatory possibilities and their opposite in sustainability. Implementing sustainability offers planners a number of choices.
They can act as mediators, demystifyers of technical information, exposers of hidden ideological assumptions, and advocates. They can strengthen existing authority, or work towards an enlightened self-determination at the local level. Ph. D.
Engström, Adam. "Integrating sustainability aspects into the business development processes of Hemfrid." Thesis, KTH, Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, 2018. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-232025.
Sustainability is becoming more of a strategic tool in many companies today and will become even more important in the future. Hemfrid is today looking at many new business areas and has realized the importance of including sustainability in its new businesses. However, the link between sustainability and business development has not been researched in a larger extent and therefore there are no good methods to use. Therefore, the aim of this report is to provide a method and tool for Hemfrid to integrate sustainability aspects into their business development processes. To fulfil this aim, an analysis of current scientific literature and models within the areas of sustainability and business development was done. Based on those models, with a foundation in the Sustainable Development Goals, a model was created. To be able to weigh different impact area against each other, an MCA was conducted. Finally, the model was assessed through external feedback and through a SWOT analysis. The model is based on 14 of the 17 SDGs with specific impact categories for all of them. A tool was created in Excel to easily assess the impact of the new business development projects. Lastly a seminar was held with Hemfrid’s management team facilitating the model. Hållbarhet håller idag på att utvecklas från ett område som de senaste åren varit en operationellt fokuserad verksamhet till något som mer och mer närmar sig strategiarbete. Som en del av den här utvecklingen börjar många företag konstatera att integrationen av hållbarhet i deras affärsutvecklingsarbete blir en fråga som blir allt viktigare. Hemfrid har de senaste 20 åren växt fram till ett marknadsledande företag inom hushållsnära tjänster där hemstädning för privatpersoner är den dominerande tjänsten. Hemfrid har valt att fokusera på att ge sina anställda kollektivavtal och trygg anställning och fokusera på sina anställda och kunder och i dagsläget tittar man på många nya affärsutvecklingsmöjligheter för att fortsätta erbjuda sina kunder hjälp i sina hem. I och med Hemfrids fokus på hållbarhet med schyssta arbetsvillkor och miljövänliga produkter har de även insett vikten av att även på ett tidigt stadium få in hållbarhetstänk i sitt affärsutvecklingsarbete. Denna rapport syftar därför till att skapa en modell och verktyg för Hemfrid för att integrera hållbarhetsaspekter i deras affärsutvecklingsarbete. Hemfrid-modellen är framtagen med de globala hållbarhetsmålen som utgångspunkt där olika kriterier identifierades inom varje mål som Hemfrid sedan kan utvärdera sina affärsutvecklingsprojekt utifrån. En litteraturstudie är även gjord där det identifierats nio ytterligare modeller inom hållbarhet respektive affärsutveckling som på olika sätt varit användbara för att skapa kriterier och övergripande användning av Hemfrid-modellen. Varje mål är viktat utifrån Hemfrids nuvarande verksamhet och strategi för att spegla företagets hållbarhetsprioriteringar. Verktyget är framtaget i Excel, baseras på en Multikriterieanalys och ger Hemfrid ett enkelt sätt att på en 5-gradig skala, för varje mål, utvärdera om kriterierna förändras från en skala mycket sämre till mycket bättre jämfört med dagens produkter eller tjänster. Verktyget visualiserar sedan om projektet som helhet är bra eller dåligt hållbarhetsmässigt samt vilka mål man har väldigt positiv påverkan på och bör kommunicera mot sina kunder samt vilka man bör se över och förbättra. Vidare har verktyget testats på två olika affärsutvecklingsprojekt där representanter från hållbarhetsavdelningen och affärsutvecklingsenheten fått ge feedback på användning och modellen har även presenterats och diskuterats tillsammans med Hemfrids ledning för att förankra modellens användande inom bolaget. Slutligen gjordes även en SWOT-analys där modellen visade vara över lag positiv. De negativa delarna med modellen ligger i att den är en förenkling av verkligheten och inte kommer kunna ta upp alla hållbarhetsaspekter som finns samt att det i användandet av modellen finns risk att man gör subjektiva bedömningar och ger sig själv bättre poäng än vad man egentligen borde. Modellen kommer dock kraftigt förenkla integrationen av hållbarhet i affärsutvecklingsprocesserna på Hemfrid och kommer användas för att försäkra att Hemfrid fortsätter vara starka inom hållbarhet och att erbjuda sina kunder smarta lösningar.
Book chapters on the topic "Economic development Environmental aspects Fiji":
Tol, Richard S. J. "Economic aspects of global environmental models." In Theory and Implementation of Economic Models for Sustainable Development, 277–86. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 1998. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-3511-7_14.
Kaigorodova, G. N., G. K. Pyrkova, A. A. Mustafina, and D. P. Alyakina. "Regional and Country Aspects of Compensating for Environmental Damage." In Regional Economic Development in Russia, 3–14. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-39859-0_1.
Vasyunin, Egor A., Artur A. Dmitriev, and Inna V. Lipatova. "Economic and Institutional Aspects of Environmental Protection." In Current Problems and Ways of Industry Development: Equipment and Technologies, 752–57. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2021. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-69421-0_81.
Ulvenblad, Per-Ola. "Development of Sustainable Business Models for Innovation in the Swedish Agri-sector: Resource-Effective Producer or Stewardship-Based Entrepreneur?" In The Innovation Revolution in Agriculture, 117–45. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-50991-0_5.
Abstract This chapter focuses on the development of sustainable business models for innovation in the Swedish agri-sector. This is important for several reasons. Many of society’s challenges are linked to social, environmental and economic aspects of agriculture, and numerous agri-companies have been reduced to subcontractors with little influence, and are struggling with low profitability. Previous research regarding agri-companies have mainly focused on production and cost-efficiency aspects. Research regarding sustainable innovation and sustainable business models in the agri-sector is limited to date. To fill in this gap, the aim of this chapter is to illustrate and analyse how Swedish agri-companies develop sustainable business models. An integrated theoretical framework combining research regarding sustainability-oriented innovation and sustainable business model archetypes has been developed in order to collect and analyse the eight agri-companies in the study. Swedish agri-companies focus not only on optimization but also on their organizational transformation and systems building when developing sustainable innovation. They have developed diversified business models. A common, important factor is to adopt stewardship roles. Further, the value intention of agri-entrepreneurs is a relevant factor when developing sustainable business models.
Vial, Céline, and Eric Barget. "Comparing Landsmót 2016 with other equestrian events: the case of the Alltech FEI World Equestrian Games™ 2014 in Normandy." In Humans, horses and events management, 184–96. Wallingford: CABI, 2021. http://dx.doi.org/10.1079/9781789242751.0184.
Abstract This chapter aims to present the methodology and main results of research focusing on the short-term economic, social and environmental impacts, as well as the long-term legacy, of the Alltech FEI World Equestrian Games™ 2014 in Normandy (2014 WEG). This event is then compared with Landsmót 2016 (the National Championships of the Icelandic horse), as they have a lot in common despite their apparent differences. It can be concluded that equestrian events have various impacts for local areas that host them and can contribute to regional development. In order to optimize such impacts, actions have to be implemented with sustainability in mind, taking into account economic, social and environmental aspects.
Weber, Eberhard Heinrich. "Socio-Economic Aspects of Mangrove Degradation in an Urban Setting." In Examining International Land Use Policies, Changes, and Conflicts, 272–90. IGI Global, 2021. http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-7998-4372-6.ch014.
In Pacific Small Island Developing States (PSIDS), the degradation of mangroves advances at a fast pace, especially in urban places. Rural to urban migration let urban settlements grow tremendously in the past 60 years. People built many informal settlements straight into mangrove forests. Health implications are severe, but settlements in mangrove forests provide protection against eviction. The case study provides insight into people's lives, perception and actions in a degraded mangrove forest in the eastern part of Suva, the capital of Fiji. The major question is why people are exposing themselves to serious environmental health hazards. Based on recent changes, the chapter also looks at development efforts that threaten residents of informal settlement to get evicted from the locations they right now reside. Investigations concentrate on people's actions in space, particularly, the role degraded urban mangroves play in their decision to reside in a particular place. A major explanation is that people want to reduce risk and enhance security: security from eviction.
Hezri, Adnan A. "Socio-Demographic Aspects of Environmental Change in Malaysia." In Demographic Transition and Socio-economic Development in Malaysia, 201–15. Publisher:University of Malaya Press, 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.14425/9789674881368.201215.
Batabyal, Amitrajeet A., and Hamid Beladi. "ASPECTS OF THE THEORY OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES." In Dynamic and Stochastic Approaches to the Environment and Economic Development, 213–26. WORLD SCIENTIFIC, 2008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1142/9789812772015_0012.
Nedelko, Zlatko, and Vojko Potocan. "Perception of Corporate Social Responsibility by the Employees." In Socio-Economic Development, 1442–65. IGI Global, 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/978-1-5225-7311-1.ch074.
The main purpose of this chapter is to examine the relationships between three underlying aspects of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), namely economic, environmental, and societal aspects, and the level of CSR, as perceived by the employees. The strength and direction of the impact of a single underlying aspect of CSR, on the level of CSR in organizations, is examined through a sample of 288 employees in Slovenian organizations. Results from the empirical survey suggest that employees' higher concern for environmental and social issues increases the level of organizational CSR, while higher striving for solely economic outcomes lowers the level of organizational CSR. Findings in this chapter provide insight into the state of CSR in organizations as perceived by the employees, providing an important starting point for definition or re-thinking of strategies in relation to CSR, and as a starting point for other actions as well, like changes in academia.
van Holten, L., P. M. Schildwacht, and P. Segaar. "‘Bandwidth’, a framework for integration between environmental, economic, traffic and other urban aspects." In Compact Cities and Sustainable Urban Development, 167–78. Routledge, 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.4324/9781315189369-13.
Conference papers on the topic "Economic development Environmental aspects Fiji":
Manzhilevskaya, Svetlana, and Lubov Petrenko. "Social and economic aspects of environmental protection measures for environmental safety." In Proceedings of the International Scientific-Practical Conference “Business Cooperation as a Resource of Sustainable Economic Development and Investment Attraction” (ISPCBC 2019). Paris, France: Atlantis Press, 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.2991/ispcbc-19.2019.34.
Bineva, Velika. "Environmental Aspects of Economic Issues Associated with the Factors of Production." In 2020 III International Conference on High Technology for Sustainable Development (HiTech). IEEE, 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/hitech51434.2020.9363998.
Liobikiene, Genovaite, and Janis Brizga. "The challenges of bioeconomy implementation considering environmental aspects in the Baltic States: an input-output approach." In 20th International Scientific Conference "Economic Science for Rural Development 2019". Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies. Faculty of Economics and Social Development, 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.22616/esrd.2019.142.
Kupusović, Tarik, and Arijana Huseinović. "OPPORTUNITIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT IN ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS OF THE EU INTEGRATION PROCESS FOR BIH." In Local Economic and Infrastructure Development of SEE in the Context of EU Accession. Academy of Sciences and Arts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.5644/pi2013-153-18.
Krukle, Zanda, and Raimonds Ernsteins. "Environmental investment governance in Latvia: planning process and decision-making framework development." In 22nd International Scientific Conference. “Economic Science for Rural Development 2021”. Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies. Faculty of Economics and Social Development, 2021. http://dx.doi.org/10.22616/esrd.2021.55.001.
Applying governance process cycle steps model (5P model), the study focuses on the national environmental investment governance process by structuring and characterizing, particularly, investment planning process, including the integrative in-depth analysis of investment thematic content and framework (inextricably linked to the sectorial needs). Investment allocation is the governance instrument to be especially emphasized as being also necessary for the eventual implementation of all other governance instruments (such as infrastructure or communication ones), which all need financial support for their development, implementation or innovation. The study includes the investment instrument selection analysis at the policy planning stage for the most efficient investment and all sectorial policies implementation in order to reach the defined environmental governance goals. The study is practice-based research with elements of the participatory action research. Study is currently also topical since national investment planning process and final document is in the development process, detecting the main fields of investment in Latvia for the next 8 years. The structure and specifics of the planning stages of environmental investment governance process were identified along with related deficiencies and improvement needs, and, there were developed structured decision-making frame recommendation, based on the three main factors and subsequent set of complementary aspects identified as necessary required assistance to decide on the investment allocations.
Zaostrovskikh, E. A. "SUSTAINABLE (NON) DEVELOPMENT OF SEAPORTS KHABAROVSK TERRITORY." In SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN EAST: NEW CHALLENGES
AND STRATEGIC GUIDELINES. Khabarovsk: KSUEL Editorial and Publishing Center, 2021. http://dx.doi.org/10.38161/978-5-7823-0746-2-2021-154-160.
The paper considers the features and trends of sustainable development of the marine industry of the Khabarovsk Territory. The problems of maritime transport related to economic, social and environmental aspects are described.
Veveris, Armands, and Armands Puzulis. "Economic results and development of organic farms in Latvia." In 21st International Scientific Conference "Economic Science for Rural Development 2020". Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies. Faculty of Economics and Social Development, 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.22616/esrd.2020.53.003.
Organic farming is experiencing rather rapid development in Europe, including in Latvia. This could be rated from different aspects. The purpose of this article is to assess the economic indicators of the development of organic farming, linking them to conclusions stated in various studies in Latvia and other countries on the diverse economic, social and environmental impact of this type of farming, as well as potential problems. So, theoretical and empirical approaches are combined in this article. The different problems we can state as outcome of the research. The farms concentrate in areas with less favourable conditions for conventional farming. Also, large continuous areas under organic farming often leads to low production value per hectare and do not reach social goals.
Karnyshev, Alexander. "Psychologo-Economic and Environmental Assessment Baikal Resources in the Geopolitics of China and Russia." In Irkutsk Historical and Economic Yearbook 2020. Baikal State University, 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.17150/978-5-7253-3017-5.37.
In geopolitics, the concepts of geography and territory are reduced to the fundamental aspects of relations between States, they serve as a basic method of interpreting the past, they act as the main factors of human existence, organizing all other aspects of existence around them. It is in this perspective that the article examines the attitude to Baikal in the history of the mutually linked foreign policy of Russia and China. It is noted that the Mongols and Manchus, who once conquered China, not only found themselves largely assimilated by the defeated society, but over time, a large part of their ancestral territories began to be perceived as native Chinese. Far from being justified, this also applied to Baikal, although the Yakut etymology of its name, associated with the ethnic ancestors of the Yakuts — the Huns, has been clearly traced since ancient times. Since ancient times, Buryats and Evenks who voluntarily became part of Russia have lived around Baikal. Modern development is characterized by the “penetration” of the Chinese into the business of Asian Russia. In the Baikal region, this focus has basically three goals: forest, clean water, and ownership of land and other natural resources. In a special row, it is necessary to put projects for supplying the population of some Chinese territories with Baikal water, which is planned to be transported both in bottled form and in the future through pipes.
Suzuki, Satoru, Hiroyoshi Ueda, Kiyoshi Fujisaki, Katsuhiko Ishiguro, Hiroyuki Tsuchi, Kiyoshi Oyamada, and Shoko Yashio. "Development of Requirements Management System of NUMO and Practical Experience With Development of the Database Contents." In ASME 2010 13th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management. ASMEDC, 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/icem2010-40228.
Decision-making and work activities in the geological disposal program need to be implemented in such a way as to fulfill various requirements such as safety, engineering feasibility, quality and socio-economic aspects. Since a stepwise approach is applied for implementing the program, the number, weighting and specific nature of the requirements will change depending on the premises and constraints in each stage of implementation. Requirements management with a long-term perspective is therefore required for consistent implementation of the program. NUMO has developed a requirements management (RM) methodology that is suitable for the long-term, stepwise disposal program in Japan, as well as a supporting requirements management system (RMS) tool. The basic concept of the RMS was already presented at the last ICEM 2009. In this presentation, we will focus on practical experience with development of the database content for the RMS.
Krupowicz, Wioleta, and Katarzyna Sobolewska-Mikulska. "Possible Applications of Spatial Analyses in Designing the Agricultural Road Network with Particular Consideration of the Environmental and Landscape Aspects." In Environmental Engineering. VGTU Technika, 2017. http://dx.doi.org/10.3846/enviro.2017.208.
The development of the agricultural road network is a complex activity based on a broad range of criteria necessary to be taken into account during analyses and desk studies. The analyses and design solutions cannot be unilateral, considering only technical and economic aspects. Elements of environmental protection and management of agricultural landscape, as well as solutions in the scope of protection of soils and waters are necessary in this type of design works, and result from solutions accepted for implementation in reference to the rural areas of all Member States of the European Union. Such a multi-aspect process requires the use of tools in an environment which technologically permits the development of multi-variant solutions to a given problem, and selection of a single, most appropriate proposal. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) currently constitute such an environment. Their undeniable advantages include their analytical possibilities which can be formalised in the form of developed models of spatial analyses – creating sets of new, ready to use tools supporting the decision making process in the scope of determination of the optimal course of agricultural roads. Additional advantages are the possibility of integration of data obtained from various sources, and presentation to stakeholders (e.g. residents, farmers, local authorities, entrepreneurs, and investors) of the obtained solutions in the form of maps, almost in real time, as well as possibility of making optimum decisions with their active participation. Easier access to GIS technology and systematically growing level of awareness regarding measurable benefits from the application of this type of solutions should also be emphasised. The article presents examples of spatial analyses allowing for relatively fast obtaining of spatial information necessary for efficient design-related decision making for the purpose of improvement of the system of agricultural roads with particular consideration of environmental and landscape aspects.
Reports on the topic "Economic development Environmental aspects Fiji":
Fowler, T. K., E. Greenspan, and J. P. Holdren. Code development incorporating environmental, safety and economic aspects of fusion reactors; Annual progress report. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), December 1993. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/140924.
Ho, S., T. Fowler, and J. Holdren. Code development incorporating environmental, safety, and economic aspects of fusion reactors (FY 89--91). Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), November 1991. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/6087992.
Ho, S. K., T. K. Fowler, and J. P. Holdren. Code development incorporating environmental, safety, and economic aspects of fusion reactors (FY 89--91). Final report. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), November 1991. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/10106736.
Ho, S. K., T. K. Fowler, and J. P. Holdren. Code development incorporating environmental, safety, and economic aspects of fusion reactors (FY 92--94). Final report. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), November 1994. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/674823.