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Статті в журналах з теми "Environmental protection South Australia":
Hetherington, Tim. "Child protection: a new approach in South Australia." Child Abuse Review 8, no. 2 (March 1999): 120–32. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1099-0852(199903/04)8:2<120::aid-car524>3.0.co;2-f.
Australian projects designed for the production, distribution and use of energy are generally governed by specific legislation within individual States, mostly for the promotion and regulation of resource development. These projects are also subject to environmental protection provisions in Commonwealth and State legislation, in particular environmental impact assessment legislation, which has a much longer history than in Europe. This paper examines the application of the Commonwealth and the South Australian environmental impact assessment legislation to South Australian energy related projects, focusing on the period from 1982–1993. The paper notes the importance of the State government and its instrumentalities in all major energy supply and energy use projects. The paper also notes that significant energy related projects are subject to public scrutiny through the environmental impact assessment process in South Australia but that key energy policy decisions which may also have significant impacts are not subject to the same public scrutiny. The paper concludes by canvassing strategic environmental assessment options as an alternative to project based assessment for energy related projects.
This article is the guest editors’ introduction to a special volume of Pacific Historical Review entitled “Protection: Global Genealogies, Local Practices.” Guest editors Christina Twomey and Katherine Ellinghaus argue that the global discourse of protection had a strong presence beyond British humanitarian circles and a longer chronological and larger geographical reach than historians have previously noted. Articles in the special volume include Christina Twomey’s examination of protection as a concept with its origins in European, rather than British, colonialism, Trevor Burnard’s study of the Protectors of slaves in Berbice in the early to mid-nineteenth century, Goolam Vahed’s analysis of the Protectors appointed to lobby on behalf of immigrant Indian indentured labourers in late nineteenth century Natal, Rachel Standfield’s investigation of the use of language in Protectorates in Australia and New Zealand in the 1840s, Amanda Nettelbeck’s exploration of the concept of Aboriginal vagrancy in Australia in the 1840s, and Katherine Ellinghaus’s comparison of the discourse of protection in policies of exemption and competency utlised in Oklahoma and New South Wales in the 1940s and 1950s.
Schrale, G., R. Boardman, and M. J. Blaskett. "Investigating Land Based Disposal of Bolivar Reclaimed Water, South Australia." Water Science and Technology 27, no. 1 (January 1993): 87–96. http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wst.1993.0022.
The Bolivar Sewage Treatment Works (STW) processes the urban and industrial sewage from the northern and eastern suburbs of Adelaide. The treatment capacity is equivalent to the sewage production of 1.1 million people. The disposal of more than 40 000 ML of reclaimed water into the sea has caused a progressive degradation of about 950 ha of seagrass beds which threatens the sustainability of the fisheries and marine ecosystems of Gulf St. Vincent. The current practice will no longer be viable to achieve compliance with the SA Marine Environment Protection Act, 1990. A Inter-Departmental Working Party recommmended that the Bolivar reclaimed water be disposed by irrigation of suitable land on the coastal plains north of Adelaide. They proposed the construction of two pipelines: a 12 km long pipeline to extend the distribution of reclaimed water in the most intense portion of the 3 500 hectares of irrigated horticulture on the Northern Adelaide Plains, and a second, 18 km long pipeline to deliver the remainder to a more northerly site for irrigation of an estimated 4 000 hectares of hardwood plantations. The paper summarizes the findings as they relate to public health, environmental, technical and financial aspects of land based disposal. Land based disposal would completely eliminate the marine degradation and also arrest the over-use of the NAP underground water resources for horticulture. The total net costs over thirty years for land based disposal are about $ 21.8 million. The ‘horticultural' pipeline of the land based disposal scheme is expected to be commercially viable. A shortfall in revenue from the afforestation component is expected and may need to be considered as an environmental cost of ceasing marine disposal.
van Leeuwen, J(Hans), Chris Pipe-Martin, and Rod M. Lehmann. "Water Reclamation At South Caboolture, Queensland, Australia." Ozone: Science & Engineering 25, no. 2 (April 2003): 107–20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/713610665.
Turner, G. W., and R. M. C. Ruffio. "Environmental Auditing for Nonpoint Source Pollution Control in a Region of New South Wales (Australia)." Water Science and Technology 28, no. 3-5 (August 1993): 301–9. http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wst.1993.0431.
The concept of environmental auditing of point source pollution has been adapted to nonpoint source pollution in rural lands. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and other information technologies provide an effective environmental management tool for characterising nonpoint source (NPS) pollution in a regional context and thereby can assist the environmental auditing process. Nonpoint source pollution problems of rural watersheds in Australia, particularly those in the state of New South Wales, and the role of the state's environment protection agency are outlined. A case study that applies an auditing methodology using GIS in a study area within the Lachlan River catchment is presented. The suitability of the approach for land condition evaluation and the review of land use controls for nonpoint source pollution is discussed.
Wilcox, Judith. "South Australia." Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses Journal 3, no. 1 (March 1990): 8–9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s1033-3355(11)80017-2.
Thesis (M.Law. (Development and Management)) --University of Limpopo, 2009 This research investigates the relationship between the right to development and the right to the environment. An overview of the legislative framework aimed at facilitating development and environmental protection is discussed. The right to development is aimed at improving the quality of life and living conditions of ordinary people. On the other hand, the right to the environment has as its purpose the conservation and prudent utilisation of natural resources. Theoretically, the two rights are at loggerheads. However, at the centre of these rights is the concept of sustainable development. Sustainable development harmonises the implementation of developmental activities and environmental protection, by compelling government authorities and developers to consider environmental issues when implementing development projects. Public participation is vital in environmental law as it ensures that the public is well informed about development projects that may have adverse effects on the environment. Public participation in development projects is part of the Environmental Impact Assessment process (EIA). A case study of a local township was conducted to illustrate the importance of public participation and the acceptance of the right to development and the right to the environment as justiciable human rights in South Africa. The study revealed that local government officials lack the necessary knowledge and skills to implement development and environmental laws at local community level. This results in non- compliance with the existing environmental laws by developers. It is concluded that right to development and the right to the environment co-exist and are mutual reinforcing. Therefore, failure to ensure proper implementation of the two rights may result in short- lived and unsustainable development, projects and programs. It is concluded further that non-compliance with the EIA procedure defeats the concept of public participation as embodied in environmental law and international environmental instruments. It is recommended that the government should equip its officials and citizens with skills and knowledge on how environmental laws operate and should be implemented.
Taylor, Anne 1950. "Knowledge and reported behaviour of South Australian adults regarding sun protection." Adelaide : University of Adelaide, Dept. of Community Medicine, 1996. http://web4.library.adelaide.edu.au/theses/09MPM/09mpmt238.pdf.
Magister Legum - LLM The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa ‘despite being one of the world’s most liberal
constitutions, South Africans still have no transparent and participatory mechanisms for
deciding democratically on the uptake of new technologies or development projects, even those
which impact on millions of lives and livelihoods. There are limited opportunities for
intervention in very circumscribed public participation processes, which are often derisory in
the sharing of any sovereignty with citizens in the name of producing better public policy.
When citizens are left out of debates confined to government and the business community, the
only means of influencing policy is to petition, protest, or litigate, usually after the horse has
bolted.’ Public participation is a very delicate issue in South Africa due to the history of the
exclusion of certain people from the process of governance. When governments and business
sectors make decisions about land development and natural resources, they certainly impact on
the health, livelihoods and quality of life of local communities.
Mullett, Trudi, and mikewood@deakin edu au. "The ecology of Pittosporum undulatum Vent. (Puttosporaceae) an environmental weed in south east Australia." Deakin University. School of Ecology, 1999. http://tux.lib.deakin.edu.au./adt-VDU/public/adt-VDU20050615.150347.
Pittosporum undulatum Vent. (Sweet Pittosporum) is a densely foliaged tall shrub or small tree, native to the wet forests of south east Australia, This species now functions as a serious environmental weed in a range of habitats in Australia and on other continents and islands throughout the temperate, sub-tropical and tropical zones. This study investigated some of the ecological causes and consequences of P. undulatum invasion across a range of habitat types in south east Australia.
Key aspects of P. undulatum biology and ecology investigated in the current study include; patterns of morphological variation across the range of habitats occupied (as a measure of the species plasticity), dispersal ecology and seed germinability, population structure and spatial pattern, community relationships and the ecological impacts of invasion.
Phenotypic plasticity is considerable in P. undulatum. No clear patterns of geographic variation emerged from a study of leaf morphological attributes across the current range of this species on mainland south east Australia. The pattern of morphological variation is particularly complex in Victoria, where the invasion of this species is most advanced. The species adaptability to a range of environments and environmental conditions will likely promote further range expansion.
The abundant winter fruit crop produced by functionally female P. undulatum plants attracts a suite of generalist opportunistic frugivores, which feed on P. undulatum fruits and seeds at various stages of fruit dehiscence, thereby enhancing dispersal opportunities for this species. P. undulatum seed collected from natural and invasive populations, at two stages of fruit maturity and from the scats and pellets of dispersal agents, displayed high germinability. European Blackbirds and Pied Currawongs are implicated as the main avian dispersal agents of P undulatum in south east Australia. The broader ecological implications of developing relationships between invasive fleshy-fruited bird-dispersed plant species and adaptive frugivores are likely to be considerable.
The distribution of P. undulatutn seedlings was significantly negatively correlated with adult conspecifics and significantly positively correlated with trees and shrubs of other genera. This pattern reflects the importance of both firugivorous dispersal agents and the species germination and establishment requirements, in shaping the contagious distribution pattern typical of this species. These analyses suggest that recruitment opportunities for conspecific seedlings are limited beneath the canopy of adult conspecifics. Densities of P. undulatum were on average, 2.7 times higher in invaded populations, compared to the natural populations sampled. A male-bias was evident in all populations and no relationships between reproductive activity and the density of seedlings and juveniles were evident.
Invading populations of P. undulatum impose substantial changes on ecosystem-level properties and functions. Mean species richness and cover-abundance declined notably once P. undulatum cover-abundance exceeded 20% at the invaded sites and 60% at the natural sites sampled. The natural communities sampled displayed comparatively greater resilience to the competitive effects of P. undulatum, but community attributes were affected at high densities and cover-abundance of this species. The cover-abundance of herbs and grasses declined most substantially with increasing P. undulatum at invaded sites, whereas, at the natural sites sampled, the species structural analogues appeared to be most affected by increasing P. undulatum cover-abundance.
This study has demonstrated that the ecological consequences of P. undulatum population expansion are substantial and contribute to changes in the composition and successional trajectory of affected communities. These processes ultimately lead to the loss and simplification of biodiversity values and the homogenisation of affected habitats. P. undulatum has the potential to emerge as one of south east Australia's most serious environmental weed species.
Thelin, Julia. "Environmental migration in the South Pacific : A frame analysis of policies in Australia and New Zealand." Student thesis, Uppsala universitet, Statsvetenskapliga institutionen, 2020. http://urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-416190.
Thesis (M.A.)--Stellenbosch University, 2001. ENGLISH ABSTRACT: There is a general consensus that EIA is limited in its scope. The main concern in this
regard is that EIA generally fails to handle cumulative impacts effectively, due to its
focus on individual projects. Cumulative effects are changes to the environment that
are caused by an action in combination with other past, present and future human
actions. The evaluation of cumulative effects generally focuses on potential pervasive,
regional environmental problems.
Due to its strong focus on sustainable development, Strategic Environmental
Assessment (SEA), by definition, should address cumulative effects. EIAs in South
Africa traditionally only considered the "footprint" or area covered by each project
component. However, in recent years the cumulative nature of environmental impacts
of human actions has increasingly become a visible concern to the South African
public, which has led to the need to infuse cumulative effects concepts into
In theory, a SEA is aimed at improving the way in which cumulative effects are dealt
with in environmental assessments. This raises the question of whether past and
present South African SEA approaches have effectively addressed the issue of
This thesis provides a critical reappraisal of recent experience in SEA with particular
reference to its application in South Africa. It is in this context, of the opportunities
and constraints of current SEA application, that this study attempts to determine how
best to infuse cumulative effects methodology and philosophy into the emerging
South African SEA process.
This study evaluates three SEA case studies undertaken in South African, in order to
assess how effectively cumulative effects are addressed within the current South
African SEA process. The analysis focuses on both innovative approaches used in
each study, as well as the limitations and deficiencies of each approach.
A generic framework was developed in order to provide broad guidelines for
practitioners and reviewers. These guidelines focus on how best to infuse cumulative
effects philosophy and methodology into the current SEA process.
It is envisaged that this methodology will enhance the current SEA process, in order
to ensure that environmental issues are placed on the same level as economic and
social considerations in future decision making, to achieve sustainable development. AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Geen opsomming beskikbaar.
Mokoena, Karabo. "Decentralisation of water resource management : a comparative review of catchment management authorities in South Africa and Victoria, Australia." Master Thesis, University of Cape Town, 2005. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/19783.
By the adoption of Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM), South Africa has significantly changed its water management regime and the institutions governing water in this country. These changes were first introduced by the National White Policy Paper on Water in South Africa in 1997 and subsequently the National Water Act in 1998. One of the key components of IWRM is the decentralisation of water management to a regional or catchment level and the introduction of public participation in the water management sector. With the enactment of the NWA South Africa incorporated IWRM in its legal system and a decade on, authorities are now turning to its implementation. The NWA introduces Catchment Management Agencies (CMAs) in water management and gives them authority over water management at a catchment level. Initially there were nineteen (19) and this number has since been reduced to nine (9) due to a number of factors. South African authorities are now seeking ways in which they can effectively decentralise water to a catchment level, including delegating and assigning some of the functions currently held by the Minster to CMAs. Using Victoria, Australia as a comparative study, this study investigates how water management can best be decentralised to a catchment level; it starts off by investigating the theory of decentralisation and its pros and cons; then sets off to investigate water management has been decentralised in Australia from the national level, to state level and catchment level; it then investigates the role of Rural Water Authorities in Victoria and compares them to Catchment Management Agencies in South Africa. Finally the work highlights the water management regime and the various stakeholders in water management South Africa from a national level to a catchment level and the challenges facing South Africa in term of WRM; and then makes recommendations and a conclusion based on its research findings and the South African socio-economic and political context.
Khan, Farieda. "Contemporary South African environmental response : an historical and socio-political evaluation, with particular reference to Blacks." Master Thesis, University of Cape Town, 1990. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/14294.
Bibliography: leaves 128-148. The impress of history has been particularly profound in the sphere of environmental perception, in that South Africans, both black and white, have had their notions of the environment shaped by the political forces of the past. Accordingly, this study is placed within the context of historical geography, as its open-ended techniques and multi-disciplinary approach is regarded as the most appropriate way of undertaking a study which crosses both historical and environmental boundaries. A contention fundamental to this study, is that South African environmental awareness and knowledge is at a fairly low level and that black environmental interest and concern in particular, ranges from apathy to outright hostility. It is further contended that the attainment of mass environmental literacy is essential for the success of the environmental movement in this country and that this in turn, is dependent on the adoption of a strategy incorporating an integrated historical, social and political perspective. Historico-political factors such as: the impact of the colonizing process; the dispossession of the indigenous peoples; the effect of racial attitudes; discriminatory land legislation and, in particular, the imposition of the apartheid system in 1948, are evaluated in terms of their effect on the development of black environmental attitudes. The culmination of these factors has led to a distortion of environmental perceptions and attitudes, as well as to the alienation of blacks from the environment. Conversely, the initially exploitative white response to the environment gradually incorporated a preservationist element, subsequently evolving into a conservation ideology which generally ignored black interests and perspectives. The policies and activities of the first black environmental organizations are detailed, in an attempt to place their achievements in historical perspective. Research in this area was conducted using primary sources. Interviews with selected environmental and mass democratic organizations in the Greater Cape Town Region were conducted. Using the techniques of the focused interview, their stance on environmental issues was established and their proposals for a future environmental strategy elicited. It was found that, while only one of the nine mass democratic organizations evaluated had an environmental policy, they were all committed to the establishment of a democratic society as well as to the concept of mass participation in environmental politics. Based on the insights gained from the historical aspects of the study, as well as an assessment of the proposals put forward during interviews, it is concluded that certain preconditions .are necessary for the successful implementation of future environmental strategies, if blacks are to become involved in environmental issues. These are: the destruction of apartheid; the establishment of a democratic state and the enhancement of individual quality of life.
Vinson, James E., Joseph C. Bernier, Gregg D. Croft, and Juin J. Liou. "Environmental Protection." In ESD Design and Analysis Handbook, 85–109. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2003. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-0321-7_3.
Mrljić, Robert. "Challenges of Environmental Protection in Times of Armed Conflict." In Environmental Security in South-Eastern Europe, 119–36. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-0228-8_8.
Тези доповідей конференцій з теми "Environmental protection South Australia":
Jiang, Hua, Scott Freeman, and Jonathan Bates. "Innovative Strategies Alleviate Water Stress in South East Queensland, Australia." In World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2009. Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2009. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/41036(342)576.
Micevski, Tom, George Kuczera, and Stewart W. Franks. "A Bayesian Hierarchical Nonhomogeneous Regional Flood Model for New South Wales, Australia." In World Water and Environmental Resources Congress 2004. Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2004. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/40737(2004)210.
Waggitt, Peter, and Mike Fawcett. "Completion of the South Alligator Valley Remediation: Northern Territory, Australia." In ASME 2009 12th International Conference on Environmental Remediation and Radioactive Waste Management. ASMEDC, 2009. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/icem2009-16198.
13 uranium mines operated in the South Alligator Valley of Australia’s Northern Territory between 1953 and 1963. At the end of operations the mines, and associated infrastructure, were simply abandoned. As this activity preceded environmental legislation by about 15 years there was neither any obligation, nor attempt, at remediation. In the 1980s it was decided that the whole area should become an extension of the adjacent World Heritage, Kakadu National Park. As a result the Commonwealth Government made an inventory of the abandoned mines and associated facilities in 1986. This established the size and scope of the liability and formed the framework for a possible future remediation project. The initial program for the reduction of physical and radiological hazards at each of the identified sites was formulated in 1989 and the works took place from 1990 to 1992. But even at this time, as throughout much of the valley’s history, little attention was being paid to the long term aspirations of traditional land owners. The traditional Aboriginal owners, the Gunlom Land Trust, were granted freehold Native Title to the area in 1996. They immediately leased the land back to the Commonwealth Government so it would remain a part of Kakadu National Park, but under joint management. One condition of the lease required that all evidence of former mining activity be remediated by 2015. The consultation, and subsequent planning processes, for a final remediation program began in 1997. A plan was agreed in 2003 and, after funding was granted in 2005, works implementation commenced in 2007. An earlier paper described the planning and consultation stages, experience involving the cleaning up of remant uranium mill tailings and other mining residues; and the successful implementation of the initial remediation works. This paper deals with the final planning and design processes to complete the remediation programme, which is due to occur in 2009. The issues of final containment design and long term stewardship are addressed in the paper as well as some comments on lessons learned through the life of the project.
Wilson, Tom, G. S. Heinson, A. L. Endres, and T. Halihan. "Fractured Rock Geophysical Studies in the Clare Valley, South Australia." In Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems 2000. Environment and Engineering Geophysical Society, 2000. http://dx.doi.org/10.4133/1.2922707.
Wilson, Tom, G. S. Heinson, A. L. Endres, and T. Halihan. "Fractured Rock Geophysical Studies In The Clare Valley, South Australia." In 13th EEGS Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems. European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers, 2000. http://dx.doi.org/10.3997/2214-4609-pdb.200.2000_118.
"Runoff and salt transport modelling to maximise environmental outcomes in the upper south east of South Australia." In 19th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation. Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand (MSSANZ), Inc., 2011. http://dx.doi.org/10.36334/modsim.2011.i9.gibbs.
Auken, E., A. V. C. Christiansen, A. V. Viezzoli, A. F. Fitzpatrick, and T. M. Munday. "Laterally Constrained Inversion of TEMPEST Data from Eyre Peninsula Area, South Australia." In Near Surface 2009 - 15th EAGE European Meeting of Environmental and Engineering Geophysics. European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers, 2009. http://dx.doi.org/10.3997/2214-4609.20147038.
Spyrou, Andrew, and Benjamin Wilkins. "Managing Residential Development in Karst Landscapes, Perth Metropolitan Area, South Western Australia." In Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems 2011. Environment and Engineering Geophysical Society, 2011. http://dx.doi.org/10.4133/1.3614102.
Tan, Kok, Volmer Berens, Mike Hatch, Tim Munday, and Kenneth Lawrie. "Mapping Zones of Saline Groundwater Discharge Using NanoTEM: River Murray, South Australia." In Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems 2006. Environment and Engineering Geophysical Society, 2006. http://dx.doi.org/10.4133/1.2923698.
Tan, Kok, Volmer Berens, Mike Hatch, Tim Munday, and Kenneth Lawrie. "MAPPING ZONES OF SALINE GROUNDWATER DISCHARGE USING NANOTEM: RIVER MURRAY, SOUTH AUSTRALIA." In 19th EEGS Symposium on the Application of Geophysics to Engineering and Environmental Problems. European Association of Geoscientists & Engineers, 2006. http://dx.doi.org/10.3997/2214-4609-pdb.181.5.
Звіти організацій з теми "Environmental protection South Australia":
Dix, Katherine, Rachel Felgate, Syeda Kashfee Ahmed, Toby Carslake, and Shani Sniedze-Gregory. School libraries in South Australia 2019 Census. Australian Council for Educational Research, September 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.37517/978-1-74286-583-6.
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY WASHINGTON DC. Environmental Quality: Environmental Protection and Enhancement. Fort Belvoir, VA: Defense Technical Information Center, January 2002. http://dx.doi.org/10.21236/ada402742.
Tipton, W. J., H. A. Berry, and A. E. Fritzsche. An aerial radiological survey of Maralinga and EMU, South Australia. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), October 1988. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/5746113.
ARMY ENGINEER DISTRICT ROCK ISLAND IL. Environmental Assessment, Emergency Streambank Protection, South Raccoon River, 8-Inch Water Supply Line, Stuart, Iowa. Fort Belvoir, VA: Defense Technical Information Center, October 1988. http://dx.doi.org/10.21236/ada202875.
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