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Статті в журналах з теми "Urban runoff Vietnam Management":

1
Li, James, and B. J. Adams. "Optimization of urban runoff quantity/quality management." Environmetrics 1, no. 4 (July 2007): 321–36. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/env.3170010402.
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2
Jeong, Dong-Guk, and Beom-Hui Lee. "Urban Watershed Runoff Analysis Using Urban Runoff Models." Journal of Korea Water Resources Association 36, no. 1 (February 2003): 75–85. http://dx.doi.org/10.3741/jkwra.2003.36.1.075.
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3
Trowsdale, S., J. Gabe, and R. Vale. "Integrated urban water management in commercial buildings." Water Science and Technology 63, no. 5 (March 2011): 859–67. http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wst.2011.261.
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Monitoring results are presented as an annual water balance from the pioneering Landcare Research green building containing commercial laboratory and office space. The building makes use of harvested roof runoff to flush toilets and urinals and irrigate glasshouse experiments, reducing the demand for city-supplied water and stormwater runoff. Stormwater treatment devices also manage the runoff from the carpark, helping curb stream degradation. Composting toilets and low-flow tap fittings further reduce the water demand. Despite research activities requiring the use of large volumes of water, the demand for city-supplied water is less than has been measured in many other green buildings. In line with the principles of sustainability, the composting toilets produce a useable product from wastes and internalise the wastewater treatment process.
4
Vital, Pierangeli G., Nguyen Thi Van Ha, Le Thi Hong Tuyet, and Kenneth W. Widmer. "Application of quantitative real-time PCR compared to filtration methods for the enumeration of Escherichia coli in surface waters within Vietnam." Journal of Water and Health 15, no. 1 (November 2016): 155–62. http://dx.doi.org/10.2166/wh.2016.173.
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Surface water samples in Vietnam were collected from the Saigon River, rural and suburban canals, and urban runoff canals in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, and were processed to enumerate Escherichia coli. Quantification was done through membrane filtration and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Mean log colony-forming unit (CFU)/100 ml E. coli counts in the dry season for river/suburban canals and urban canals were log 2.8 and 3.7, respectively, using a membrane filtration method, while using Taqman quantitative real-time PCR they were log 2.4 and 2.8 for river/suburban canals and urban canals, respectively. For the wet season, data determined by the membrane filtration method in river/suburban canals and urban canals samples had mean counts of log 3.7 and 4.1, respectively. While mean log CFU/100 ml counts in the wet season using quantitative PCR were log 3 and 2, respectively. Additionally, the urban canal samples were significantly lower than those determined by conventional culture methods for the wet season. These results show that while quantitative real-time PCR can be used to determine levels of fecal indicator bacteria in surface waters, there are some limitations to its application and it may be impacted by sources of runoff based on surveyed samples.
5
Garcia, Alfred, and Wesley P. James. "Urban Runoff Simulation Model." Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management 114, no. 4 (July 1988): 399–413. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(asce)0733-9496(1988)114:4(399).
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Malaviya, Piyush, and Asha Singh. "Constructed Wetlands for Management of Urban Stormwater Runoff." Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 42, no. 20 (October 2012): 2153–214. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10643389.2011.574107.
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Nightingale, Harry I. "WATER QUALITY BENEATH URBAN RUNOFF WATER MANAGEMENT BASINS." Journal of the American Water Resources Association 23, no. 2 (April 1987): 197–205. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1752-1688.1987.tb00797.x.
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ELLIS, Professor J. B. "The Management and Control of Urban Runoff Quality." Water and Environment Journal 3, no. 2 (April 1989): 116–24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-6593.1989.tb01499.x.
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Xiao, Qingfu, E. McPherson, Qi Zhang, Xinlei Ge, and Randy Dahlgren. "Performance of Two Bioswales on Urban Runoff Management." Infrastructures 2, no. 4 (September 2017): 12. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/infrastructures2040012.
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10
Almakki, Ayad, Estelle Jumas-Bilak, Hélène Marchandin, and Patricia Licznar-Fajardo. "Antibiotic resistance in urban runoff." Science of The Total Environment 667 (June 2019): 64–76. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.02.183.
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Дисертації з теми "Urban runoff Vietnam Management":

1
Li, Tong. "Trace metals in urban stormwater runoff and their management." Thesis/Dissertation, University of British Columbia, 2003. http://hdl.handle.net/2429/31891.
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In the Greater Vancouver Regional District (GVRD), non-point source pollution from an urban watershed and a diesel bus loop was assessed in terms of trace metal contamination in the stormwater runoff. In the Brunette River watershed study, Northwest Hydraulic Consultants (NHC) collected streambed sediment and suspended sediment from selected streams during 7 storm events over 2003. From 1993 to 2003, the major stormwater contamination happened in the most industrialized Still Creek. The streambed Cu, Mn, Fe, and Zn concentration increased by 1.5, 1.7, 1.9, and 1.1 times, respectively. And the suspended Cu, Mn, and Zn increased by a factor of 2.1, 4.2, and 1.5, respectively. The streambed sediment exceeded probable effect level in Still Creek and Stoney Creek to varying degrees with Cu and Zn. The land use is considered to be the origins of these toxicants. Statistically, the magnitude of suspended metal concentration in μg/l is negatively correlated with the drainage areas. While the — concentrations in mg/kg, especially for metal Cu and Zn, showed strongly and positively correlation with the traffic density. Positive correlation existed between the suspended metal loading (kg/yr) and the imperviousness and the catchment area. No apparent trend was observed in terms of export coefficient (g/ha/yr) and land use. 1062 tons of sediments were trapped by Burnaby Lake in 2003. This sediment overloading problem causes serious metal contamination in the lake. Stormwater runoff quality was monitored in 15 storm events from October 2004 to June 2005 in the diesel bus loop in the University of British Columbia. The dissolved Cu and Zn Event Mean Concentration (EMC) exceeded the EPA discharge criteria in 2 and 4 events each, which occurred in the dry season. Diesel bus traffic contributes' a large portion of Cu, Fe, Zn contamination since the average bus loop trace metal levels were much higher than the GVRD urban levels. The runoff trace metal concentrations are strongly related to the antecedent dry period, and are weakly related to the traffic density and the rainfall intensity. From the catch basin filter evaluation, high removal efficiencies on suspended metal/solids were achieved with low particulate loading in the filter chamber. The filter performed well for the dissolved metal removal before the non-reversible saturation was reached. Each kilogram of filter media has an absorption capacity of 52 gram oil and grease, 20 milligram Mn, and 16 milligram Zn.
Applied Science, Faculty of
Civil Engineering, Department of
Graduate
2
Maass, Amanda. "Analysis of Best Management Practices for Addressing Urban Stormwater Runoff." Poster, The University of Arizona, 2016. http://hdl.handle.net/10150/608331.
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Sustainable Built Environments Senior Capstone Project
During Tucson rainstorms, many roads and neighborhoods experience high levels of flooding on the city’s street networks. This phenomenon creates unsafe road conditions, damage to the road infrastructure, and excessive urban stormwater runoff that is potentially polluted. The vast quantities of impervious surfaces in the urban landscape impede the rainwater’s ability to infiltrate the ground, thus resulting in increased volumes of runoff during a rainstorm. Stormwater management is used by municipalities and communities to address the previously mentioned adverse impacts of stormwater runoff. Various techniques and strategies used in stormwater management include, low impact development (LID), green infrastructure, and better site design (BSD) strategies implemented during design stages to reduce stormwater runoff levels. In addition, local governments can establish stormwater utilities and policies in order to help address and better manage the issue of stormwater runoff within urban areas. The primary research questions of this study will include: What are the most effective best management practices and techniques to address urban runoff? What combination of best management practices and government policies will be the more effective in addressing Tucson’s urban runoff problem? Accordingly, this study will examine a variety of policies and techniques to address stormwater runoff, and then, based on this information, provide a suggestion of the best practices and techniques that may be feasible for implementation in Tucson.
3
Maass, Amanda. "Analysis of Best Management Practices for Addressing Urban Stormwater Runoff." The University of Arizona, 2016. http://hdl.handle.net/10150/608332.
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Sustainable Built Environments Senior Capstone Project
During Tucson rainstorms, many roads and neighborhoods experience high levels of flooding on the city’s street networks. This phenomenon creates unsafe road conditions, damage to the road infrastructure, and excessive urban stormwater runoff that is potentially polluted. The vast quantities of impervious surfaces in the urban landscape impede the rainwater’s ability to infiltrate the ground, thus resulting in increased volumes of runoff during a rainstorm. Stormwater management is used by municipalities and communities to address the previously mentioned adverse impacts of stormwater runoff. Various techniques and strategies used in stormwater management include, low impact development (LID), green infrastructure, and better site design (BSD) strategies implemented during design stages to reduce stormwater runoff levels. In addition, local governments can establish stormwater utilities and policies in order to help address and better manage the issue of stormwater runoff within urban areas. The primary research questions of this study will include: What are the most effective best management practices and techniques to address urban runoff? What combination of best management practices and government policies will be the more effective in addressing Tucson’s urban runoff problem? Accordingly, this study will examine a variety of policies and techniques to address stormwater runoff, and then, based on this information, provide a suggestion of the best practices and techniques that may be feasible for implementation in Tucson.
4
Li, Zeying, and 黎泽英. "Hydrologic performance of bioretention system and permeable pavement for potential applications in Hong Kong." PG_Thesis, The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong), 2004. http://hdl.handle.net/10722/209498.
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Stormwater management is always a problem in Hong Kong since its development from a fishing village. Contributed by abundant precipitation, hilly topography, and dense urban development, flooding has been causing enormous economic losses to Hong Kong and is a main focus of local stormwater management. With the construction of many conventional hardcore engineering stormwater management structures in recent decades, such as underground detention tanks and stormwater tunnels, the flooding problem in Hong Kong has been well alleviated. It is now the time to move forward and incorporate more sustainable stormwater management principles and techniques, namely the strategy of low-impact development (LID), into the local practices in Hong Kong. Stormwater should be viewed not only as a problem, but also as a valuable resource. This research aims at a feasibility study on the possible applications and hydrologic benefits of bioretention and permeable pavements under the local conditions of Hong Kong. The buildability of infiltration devices in Hong Kong is examined by constructing pilot-scale physical models of both bioretention and permeable pavements in this study. Hydrologic monitoring of these physical models under Hong Kong rainfall events is carried out for at least one wet season. The monitoring data are analyzed to evaluate the hydrologic performance of bioretention and permeable pavements, as indicated by peak flow reduction and volume retention of stormwater runoff. The long-term hydrologic performance is also evaluated by the numerical model SWMM (Stormwater Management Model). After model calibration and validation using field data on the physical model, SWMM isused to simulate bioretention performance for the past ten year precipitation records of Hong Kong under systematic variations of two relevant parameters, namely the exfiltration rate and the area ratio of bioretention to catchment. Results show that both bioretention and permeable pavements are feasible to be applied in Hong Kong. The hydrologic performance of bioretention is influenced by the precipitation patterns, the size of bioretention, the stormwater storage, and the properties of soil. As in common practice, the available storage of bioretention is much smaller than design rainfalls in Hong Kong. Therefore, peak flow reduction shall not be the target of incorporating bioretention in local storm drain designs. The influence on long-term water balance in the urban area may be considered as the main benefits from bioretention, using the annual retention ratio as a performance indicator. The hydrologic performance of permeable pavements is influenced by the storage depth provided by the gravel layer and the properties of in-situ soil. Considerably good peak flow reduction and volume retention are obtained in the experimental permeable pavements subjected to the local extreme precipitation events. In actually applications, the storage of permeable pavement may be designed to capture the total depth of design storms in Hong Kong, after which peak flow reduction may be obtained. It is anticipated that this research can provide reference information on both the design and hydrologic benefit estimation of bioretention and permeable pavements practices for applications in Hong Kong.
published_or_final_version
Civil Engineering
Master
Master of Philosophy
5
Morrison, Gregory Mark. "Metal speciation in urban runoff." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation, Middlesex University, 1985. http://eprints.mdx.ac.uk/6559/.
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A literature review has identified free and weakly complexed dissolved as well as solid surface associated, metal species as those forms most likely to be bio available. To analyse bio available Zn, Cd, Pb and Cu fractions in urban runoff a speciation scheme was devised which provided a relatively rapid technique for separating the dissolved and suspended solid phases of storm water into appropriate fractions. A new method, termed Dialysis with Receiving Resins, which responds to bio available metal species by incorporating a specially developed cysteine resin, within a dialysis membrane, has been devised and tested, A small scale gullypot study allowed the identification of six major processes which affect metal mobilisation and transport. The relevance of these processes is discussed with reference to gullypot outflow loadings of the different metal fractions. Acid rain mobilisation was found to greatly increase the levels of bio available free and weakly complexed metal fractions. Mass balance studies showed that Zn, Cd and Cu have a residence time in the road surface/gullypot system of little more than one storm event whereas Pb tends to be more persistent due to its predominant association with the solid phase. The speciation scheme was also applied to the analysis of metal fractions in storm water outfall samples collected from urban catchments in Sweden and the U.K. Significant concentrations and loadings of metals were found for both catchments with, on average, bio available metal forms representing 68% of the Zn, 76% of the Cd, 66% of the Pb and 32% of the Cu. Individual metal species were found to load at different rates onto metal chemographs and can be explained in terms of controlling parameters, as well as the influence of mobilisation and transport processes. Cadmium and Cu concentrations in storm water were regularly found to exceed Water Quality Standards and also to accumulate to significant levels in the Dialysis with Receiving Resins method. These metals may therefore represent a direct threat to receiving water quality.
6
Stovold, Matthew R. "Modeling urban stormwater disposal systems for their future management and design." University of Western Australia. School of Environmental Systems Engineering, 2007. http://theses.library.uwa.edu.au/adt-WU2007.0111.
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[Truncated abstract]This thesis investigates aspects of urban stormwater modeling and uses a small urban catchment (NE38) located in the suburb of Nedlands in Perth, Western Australia to do so. The MUSIC (Model for Urban Stormwater Improvement Conceptualisation) model was used to calibrate catchment NE38 using measured stormwater flows and rainfall data from within the catchment. MUSIC is a conceptual model designed to model stormwater flows within urban environments and uses a rainfall-runoff model adapted to generate results at six minute time steps. Various catchment scenarios, including the use of porous asphalt as an alternative road surface, were applied to the calibrated model to identify effective working stormwater disposal systems that differ from the current system. Calibrating catchment NE38 using the MUSIC model was attempted and this involved matching modeled stormwater flows to stormwater flows measured at the catchment drainage point. This was achieved by measuring runoff contributing areas (roads) together with rainfall data measured from within the catchment and altering the seepage constant parameter for all roadside infiltration sumps. ... The MUSIC model generated future scenario outcomes for alternative stormwater disposal systems that displayed similar or improved levels of performance with respect to the current system. The following scenarios listed in increasing order of effectiveness outline future stormwater disposal systems that may be considered in future urban design. 1. 35% porous asphalt application with no sumps in 2036 2. 35% porous asphalt application with no sumps in 2064 3. 68% porous asphalt application with no sumps in 2036 4. 68% porous asphalt application with no sumps in 2064. Future scenarios using the current stormwater disposal system (with roadside infiltration sumps) with porous asphalt were also run. These scenarios reduced stormwater runoff and contaminant loading on the catchment drainage point however the inclusion of a roadside infiltration sump system may not appeal to urban designers due to the costs involved with this scenario. Climate change will affect the design of future stormwater disposal systems and thus, the design of these systems must consider a rainfall reducing future. Based on the findings of this thesis, current stormwater runoff volumes entering catchment drainage points can be reduced together with contaminant loads in urban environments that incorporate porous asphalt with a stormwater disposal design system that is exclusive of roadside infiltration sumps.
7
Kavianpour, Isfahani Zahra. "Statistical Analysis of Stormwater Device Testing Protocols in Portland, Oregon." Text, PDXScholar, 2004. https://pdxscholar.library.pdx.edu/open_access_etds/676.
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Stormwater treatment is commonly performed with a combination of approaches including the utilization of natural systems and engineered devices. Before using a proprietary treatment instrument it is required to verify its performance and efficiency in reducing different pollution components including the TSS. Different states have developed strategies and regulations for accepting new instruments. In this thesis the stormwater management plan of the City of Portland, Oregon(2008), is analyzed in order to improve the current regulations. These rules apply to new technologies which are proposed by vendors to be used in Portland's stormwater treatment plans. Each requirement which should be met by the applying vendors is thoroughly analyzed followed by a comparison with the Stormwater management plan(2008)regulations of the state of Washington the so called Technology Assessment Plan-Ecology TAPE (Howie, 2011). Because of the similarities in the climate and land use between these two testing frameworks in order to evaluate the potential applicability of data submitted by vendors who had devices approved by Washington, to be utilized by Portland. The treatment of total suspended solids (TSS) is the focus of this thesis since it is central to the testing process and since most of the other pollutions are attached to TSS and will get treated if TSS is treated. The overall analysis shows that Portland adopts more restrictive requirements on the characterization of stormwater event samples to be treated by a technological instrument while Washington's restriction are more stringent on the efficiency of total suspended solid removal, in which it demands higher standards on the treatment of TSS compared to Portland's efficiency requirements. In order to study practical context in which regulations are administrated by Portland, rainfall data from 66 gauges covering the period of 1980-2011 was studied and the impacts of seasonality, land use, land form, periods of no rain before and after an event and Portland's Modified Performance line on the number of accepted rain events were analyzed. The results which were accepted by state of Washington were also compared with the results accepted by the city of Portland on Portland's Standard Performance line. Our seasonality study suggests that Portland's requirements are unnecessarily restrictive which results in the disqualification of many otherwise useful stormwater events, sometimes allowing no natural events to be available for testing in dry years. The analysis of land use showed that land use has no statistically significant impact on the concentration levels of TSS, thereby indicating that land use restrictions in the testing rules could be usefully relaxed. Decreasing the interevent no-rain period significantly increases the total number of events providing sufficient data to assess the performance of treatment facilities. We also showed that many more events become suitable for performance testing if events separated by one hours or less are considered a single, longer event. Finally we identified a statistical relationship between number of forecasted accepted stormwater events and the total average daily precipitation in a given year.
8
Males, Ryan James. "Complex, deterministic hydrological modelling towards decision support for urban catchment management." Thesis, Stellenbosch : Stellenbosch University, 2008. http://hdl.handle.net/10019.1/52170.
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Thesis (M.ScEng.)--Stellenbosch University, 2001.
ENGLISH ABSTRACT: Historically, urban waterresources have too often been managed without recognition that the flow in a river integrates many landscape and biological features. This has often resulted in the elimination of natural processes and their replacement by man-made streamlined structures with the effects of increased urbanisation being primarily addressed from an engineering and economics point of view to the detriment of environmental and social issues. Catchment Management, as legislated in the Water Act, No. 36 of 1998, is a management approach to address the negative consequences of an urban stormwater design philosophy restricted to flood restriction. It is a systems approach that integrates engineering and scientific skills, socio-economic concerns, and environmental constraints within a new multidisciplinary decision-making process that recognises the different components of the hydrological and aquatic cycles are linked, and each component is affected by changes in every other component. In order to make effective management decisions, catchment managers require tools to provide reliable information about the performance of alternative arrangements of stormwater management facilities and to quantify the effects of possible management decisions on the water environment. A deterministic hydrological model is such a tool, which provides the link between the conceptual understanding of the physical catchment characteristics and the empirical quantification of the hydrological, water quality and ecological response. In order to provide effective computer based decision support, the hydrological model must be part of an integrated software application in which a collection of data manipulation, analysis, modelling and interpretation tools, including GIS, can be efficiently used together to manage a large potion of the overall decision process. This decision support system must have a simple and intuitive user interface able to produce easily interpreted output. It must have powerful graphical presentation capabilities promoting effective communication and be designed to solve ill-structured problems by flexibly combining statistical analysis, models and data. The Great Lotus River canal, situated on the Cape Flats, Cape Town, has been designed and controlled through extensive canalisation and the construction of detention pond facilities to avoid the flooding of urban areas of the catchment. This approach has resulted in these channels becoming stormwater drains, transporting waste and nutrients in dissolved and particulate forms, and reducing their assimilatory capacity for water quality improvement. In order to investigate the use of hydrological modelling in decision support for Catchment Management, the semi-distributed, physically based model, SWMM, was applied to the Great Lotus River canal. SWMM consists of a number of independent modules allowing the hydrological and hydraulic simulations of urban catchments and their conveyance networks on an event or continuous basis. In order to ease the application of the Fortran based SWMM model, the GUl, PCSWMM98, was developed by Computational Hydraulics Inc (CH!). This provides decision support for SWMM through large array of tools for file management, data file creation, output visualisation and interpretation, model calibration and error analysis and storm dynamic analysis thus easing any simulations with SWMM. In addition, PCSWMM was developed with a GIS functionality for graphically creating, editing and/or querying SWMM model entities and attributes, displaying these SWMM layers with background layers and dynamic model results, and exporting data to SWMM input files thus providing an interface between a GIS and SWMM. In terms of Catchment Management, the above DSS can be used effectively to assist decisionmaking. This is to address tensions between the fundamental catchment management considerations of physical development, social considerations and maintaining ecological sustainability. It is at the stages of Assessment and Planning that the model can play the most significant role in providing decision support to the Catchment Management process. Assessment in the Catchment Management process refers to the collection, storage, modelling and interpretation of catchment information. It is in this quantification, interpretation and assessment of catchment information that a hydrological model contributes to an increase in knowledge in the Catchment Management process. In identifying and quantifying, at a sufficient temporal and spatial scale, the dominant cause and effect relationships in the urban physical environment, a hydrological model is able to highlight the main contributing factors to an issue. This is used in the Planning stage of the Catchment Management process and when combining these contributing factors with assessments of the socio-economic and administrative environments, enables the prioritisation of the principal issues requiring attention in a Catchment Management Strategy. It is possible to link the multiple decision-making requirements of Catchment Management with the abilities of a hydrological model to provide information on these requirements in a conceptual framework. This framework consists of the fundamental catchment considerations of Physical Development, Environmental Management and Social Development and resolves these considerations into the various management issues associated with each consideration ~s well as its management solution. The management solutions are linked to the model through formulating the solution in terms of the model parameters and perturbing the affected parameters in ways to simulate the management solution. This results in model output and graphical interpretation of the effects of the suggested management solution. A comparison between the simulated effects of each management solution allows the Catchment Management body to identify optimal management solutions for the various management Issues. The present model of the Great Lotus River catchment is sufficient to simulate the overland and subsurface flows from individual parts of the catchment and to route these flows and associated pollutant loadings to the catchment outlet. At its present level of complexity, the finely discretised model subcatchment and conveyance network provides decision support for Catchment Management through the simulation, at a pre-feasibility stage, of various Catchment Management issues and their proposed solutions. Given more detailed canal and drainage network dimensions and water quality data, it is possible for the model to incorporate hydraulic calculation routines to assess the implications of alternative river rehabilitation techniques and waste management strategies. This would allow greater capability in assessing the role of the various BMPs in ameliorating stormwater impacts and pollutant loading. In addition, a detailed level survey of the stormwater pipe and canal network could result in hydrological modelling being utilised to identify critical areas where stormwater upgrading would be necessary. In order to facilitate future complex, finely discretised catchment hydrological models, it is imperative that complete and detailed drainage patterns and stormwater network characteristics are available. In addition, to minimise model generation costs and time of model setup, this spatially representative data must be captured in a GIS for rapid inclusion into the model. Furthermore, complete spatially representative precipitation datasets are necessary to ensure that model error is reduced. These two issues of available spatial data and comprehensive precipitation records are crucial for the generated models to function as effective decision support systems for Catchment Management.
AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: Histories is stedelike waterbronne te dikwels bestuur sonder inagneming dat die vloei van die rivier baie landskap- en biologiese kenmerke insluit. Dit het dikwels daartoe gelei dat natuurlike prosesse uitgeskakel is en vervang is deur mensgemaakte, stroombelynde strukture waarvan die effek van toenemende verstedeliking hoofsaaklik aangespreek word vanuit 'n ingenieurs- en ekonomiese oogpunt tot nadeel van omgewings- en sosiale kwessies. Opvangsgebiedsbestuur, soos bepaal deur die Waterwet, Wet 36 van 1998, is 'n bestuursbenadering om die negatiewe gevolge van 'n stedelike stormwaterontwerpfilosofie wat beperk is tot vloedbeperking aan te spreek. Dit is 'n stelselbenadering wat ingenieurs- en wetenskaplike vaardighede, sosio-ekonomiese probleme en omgewingsbeperkings integreer in 'n nuwe multidissiplinêre besluitnemingsproses wat erkenning daaraan gee dat die verskillende komponente van die hidrologiese en watersiklusse verbind is, en elke komponent beïnvloed word deur veranderings in elke ander komponent. Om doeltreffende bestuursbesluite te neem, benodig opvangsgebiedsbestuur die hulpmiddels om betroubare inligting oor die prestasie van alternatiewe moontlikhede VIr stormwaterbestuurfasiliteite en om die effek van moontlike bestuursbesluite op die wateromgewing te kwantifiseer. 'n Deterministiese hidrologiese model is so 'n hulpmiddel wat die skakel daarstel tussen die konseptueie begrip van die fisiese opvangsgebiedskenmerke en die empiriese kwantifisering van die water-, waterkwaliteit- en ekologiese reaksie. Om doeltreffende rekenaarbesluitnemingsteun te verskaf, moet die hidrologiese model deel wees van 'n geïntegreerde sagteware-aanwending waarin 'n versameling datamanipulasie-, analise-, modellerings- en interpreteringshulpmiddels, insluitend GIS, doeltreffend saam gebruik kan word om 'n groot deel van die algehele besluitnemingsproses te bestuur. Hierdie besluitnemingsteunstelsel moet 'n eenvoudige en intuïtiewe gebruikersvlak hê wat in staat is om maklik interpreteerbare uitsette te lewer. Dit moet goeie grafiese voorleggingsvermoëns hê wat doeltreffende kommunikasie vergemaklik en ontwerp wees om swak gestruktureerde probleme deur die buigsame samevoeging van statistiese analise, modelle en data op te los. Die Groot Lotusrivierkanaal op die Kaapse Vlakte, Kaapstad is ontwerp en word beheer deur uitgebreide kanalisasie en die konstruksie van detensiedamfasiliteite om die oorstroming van stedelike opvangsgebiede te vermy. Hierdie benadering het daartoe gelei dat hierdie kanale stormwaterafvoerpype geword het wat afval en nutriënte in opgelosde en partikelvorm vervoer en hulle assimilasievermoë vir die verbetering van waterkwaliteit verminder. Om die gebruik van hidrologiese modelle in besluitnemingsteun vir Opvangsgebiedsbestuur te ondersoek, is die semi-verspreide, fisiesgebaseerde model, SWMM, op die Groot Lotusrivierkanaal toegepas. SWMM bestaan uit 'n aantalonafhanklike modules wat die hidrologiese en hidroulika simulasies van stedelike opvangsgebiede en hulle vervoemetwerke per geleentheid of deurlopend monitor. Om die aanwending van die Fortran gebaseerde SWMM model te vergemaklik is die GUl, PCSWMM98 deur Computational Hydraulics Inc (CHD ontwikkel. Dit verskaf besluitnemingsteun vir SWMM deur 'n groot aantal hulpmiddels vir lêerbestuur, die skep van datalêers, uitsetvisualisering en interpretasie, modelkalibrasie, foutanalise en stormdinamikaanalise om enige simulasies met SWMM te vergemaklik. Daarby is PCSWMM ontwikkel met 'n GIS funksionaliteit vir die grafiese daarstelling, redigering en/of navraagfunksie van SWMM model entiteite en kenmerke, wat hierdie SWMM vlakke met agtergrondvlakke en dinamiese modelresultate vertoon en data in SWMM inset1êers plaas en op daardie manier 'n koppelvlak tussen 'n GIS en SWMM verskaf. Volgens Opvangsgebiedsbestuur kan bogenoemde DSS doeltreffend gebruik word in besluitneming. Dit IS om die spanning tussen fundamentele opvangsgebiedsbestuursoorwegings van fisiese ontwikkeling, sosiale oorwegings en ekologiese volhoubaarheid aan te spreek. Dis in die stadiums van Waardebepaling en Beplanning wat die model die belangrikste rol kan vervul in die verskaffing van besluitnemingsteun vir die Opvangsgebiedsbestuursproses. Waardebepaling in die Opvangsgebiedbestuursproses verwys na die versameling, berging, modellering en interpretasie van opvangsgebiedsinligting. Deur hierdie kwantifisering, interpretasie en waardebepaling van opvangsgebiedsinligting dra 'n hidrologiese model by tot 'n verhoging in kennis in die Opvangsgebiedsbestuur. Deur die identifisering en kwantifisering, op 'n ruim genoeg tydelike en ruimtelike skaal, van die dominante oorsaak en gevolg verhoudings in die stedelike fisiese omgewing, kan die hidrologiese model die hoof bydraende faktore uitlig. Dit word gebruik in die Beplanningsfase van die Opvangsgebiedproses en wanneer hierdie bydraende faktore by die waardebepaling van die sosio-ekonomiese en administratiewe omgewings saamgevoeg word, maak dit moontlik om die belangrike kwessies wat aandag behoort te kry in 'n Opvangsgebiedsbestuurstrategie in volgorde van voorrang te plaas. Dit is moontlik om die verskeidenheid besluitnemingsvereistes van Opvangsgebiedsbestuur met die vermoëns van 'n hidrologiese model te koppel om inligting oor hierdie vereistes in 'n konseptuele raamwerk te verskaf. Die raamwerk bestaan uit die fundamentele opvangsgebiedsoorwegings van Fisiese Ontwikkeling, Omgewingsbestuur en Sosiale Ontwikkeling en los hierdie oorwegings op in die verskillende bestuursaangeleenthede wat met elke oorweging en die bestuuroplossing geassosieer word. Die bestuursoplossings word aan die model gekoppel deur die formulering van die oplossing volgens die modelparameters en versteuring van die relevante parameters op sekere manier om die bestuursoplossing te simuleer. Dit lei tot modeluitset en grafiese interpretasie van die effek van die voorgestelde bestuursoplossing. 'n Vergelyking tussen die gesimuleerde effek van elke bestuursoplossing laat die Opvangsgebiedsbestuursliggaam toe om die optimale bestuursoplossings vir die verskeie bestuursaangeleenthede te identifiseer. Die huidige model van die Groot Lotusrivieropvang is genoegsaam om die bo- en ondergrondse vloei vanaf individuele dele van die opvangsgebied te simuleer en om die watervloei en geassosieerde besoedelstofladings na die opvangsgebiedsuitlaatplek te lei. Op sy huidige vlak van kompleksiteit verskaf die fyn gediskretiseerde model subopvangsgebied en vervoernetwerk besluitnemingsteun aan Opvangsgebiedsbestuur deur die simulasie, teen 'n voor-lewensvatbaarheidstudie, van verskeie opvangsgebiedsbestuurkwessies en die voorgestelde oplossings. Indien meer gedetailleerde kanaal- en dreineringsnetwerkdimensies- en waterkwaliteitdata ingevoer word, is dit moontlik vir die model om hidroulikaberekeningsroetines te inkorporeer om die implikasies van alternatiewe rivierrehabilitasietegnieke en afvalbestuurstrategieë te beoordeel. Dit sou die vermoë verbeter om die waarde van die verskeie BMPs te bepaal om die impak van stormwater en besoedelstoflading te versag. Daarby kan 'n gedetailleerde vlakopname van die stormwaterpyp en -kanaalnetwerk daartoe lei dat hidrologiese modelle gebruik kan word om kritieke areas te identifiseer waar stormwateropgradering nodig is. Om toekomstige komplekse, gediskretiseerde opvangsgebiedshidrologiese modelle te verbeter, is dit noodsaaklik dat volledige en gedetailleerde dreineringspatrone en stormwaternetwerkkenmerke beskikbaar is. Om die model-ontwikkelingskoste en tyd bestee aan die opstel van 'n model te minimiseer, moet hierdie ruimtelik verteenwoordigende data ingelees word in 'n GIS vir vinnige insluiting in die model. Daarbenewens is volledige, ruimtelik verteenwoordigende presipitasie datastelle nodig om te verseker dat modelfoute verminder word. Hierdie twee kwessies van beskikbare ruimtelike data en omvattende presipitasierekords is van die uiterste belang sodat die gegenereerde modelle as doeltreffende besluitnemingsteun vir Opvangsgebiedsbestuur kan funksioneer.
9
Cave, Kelly A. "Evaluation of the effectiveness of BMP's for urban stormwater management: single-event simulation." Thesis, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1986. http://hdl.handle.net/10919/101316.
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Анотація:
A desk top model has been developed for "user-friendly" application in personal computers to simulate watershed response to a rainfall event in terms of runoff generation and to estimate nonpoint source pollutant loadings associated with the storm event. The algorithms utilize the SCS TR - 55 method for calculating runoff hydrographs for a single storm event. A methodology has been adapted to generate pollutographs which combines the SCS Type II rainfall distribution with the standard pollutant washoff equations. In addition, this model allows for the design, evaluation, and cost effectiveness analysis of various best management practice (BMP) measures as tools to manage stormwater quantity and quality.
M.S.
10
Bocskor, Priscilla. "Shade, Moisture, and Woody Vegetation in Stormwater Management Basins: Influence on Cattail (Typha spp.) Growth." Thesis, Virginia Tech, 2004. http://hdl.handle.net/10919/72993.
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Stormwater management basins (SWMB) are used to mitigate urban runoff. The Virginia Department of Transportation relies on dry detention basins planted with mowed turfgrass. However, these basins often retain water; resulting in cattail (Typha spp.) and tree colonization. Managing agencies request cattail eradication and trees are also removed. However, if trees were allowed to remain they could alter basin dynamics, making conditions unsuitable for cattails.

In a greenhouse study we tested the impact of three shade (heavy, medium, full sun) and soil moisture (dry, moist, flooded) treatments on cattail growth. After two months, cattail biomass indicated a strong interaction between soil moisture and shade (p<.0001). Increases in shade and reductions in soil moisture resulted in decreased biomass and rhizome length. Heavy shade and dry soil produced the most reductions in cattail growth (95% less biomass, 83% smaller rhizomes than cattails in full sun and flooded soil). However, considerable growth reductions still occurred in medium shade and moist soil (66% for biomass and 74% for rhizome lengths).

In a field study in four unmaintained SWMB in Virginia, environmental data (litter layer, water table, soil organic matter, etc.) and vegetation composition (cattail and other herbaceous biomass, and woody vegetation influence index) were collected from 100, 0.25-m2 plots. Principal component analysis indicated cattails and trees occupy opposing environmental spaces. Water table is most strongly correlated to cattail biomass. While these results suggest trees could eliminate cattails from SWMB, more research is needed to determine the long-term impacts of trees on basin function.
Master of Science

Книги з теми "Urban runoff Vietnam Management":

1
Walesh, S. G. Urban surface water management. New York: Wiley, 1989.
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2
Ferguson, Bruce K. Urban stormwater management bibliography. Monticello, Ill., USA: Vance Bibliographies, 1989.
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3
Pazwash, Hormoz. Urban storm water management. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 2011.
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4
Zevenbergen, C. Urban flood management. Leiden, The Netherlands: CRC Press/Balkema, 2010.
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5
Schueler, Thomas R. Controlling urban runoff: A practical manual for planning and designing urban BMPs. Washington, D.C. (1875 Eye St., N.W., Suite 200, Washington 20006): Order copies from, Metropolitan Information Center, 1987.
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6
Torno, Harry C., Jiri Marsalek, and Michel Desbordes, eds. Urban Runoff Pollution. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1986. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-70889-3.
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7
Scholz, Miklas. Wetland systems to control urban runoff. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2006.
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8
Cahill, Thomas H. Low impact development and sustainable stormwater management. Hoboken, N.J: Wiley, 2012.
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9
Melin, Ron W. LID Standards Implementation Grant Process ; Kitsap County. Bellingham, WA: Huxley College of the Environment, Western Washington University, 2007.
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10
Cronshey, Roger. Urban hydrology for small watersheds. 2nd ed. Washington, D.C.]: U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service, Engineering Division, 1986.
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Частини книг з теми "Urban runoff Vietnam Management":

1
Stahre, Peter. "Structural Measures for Runoff Quality Management." In Urban Runoff Pollution, 701–12. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1986. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-70889-3_22.
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2
Schilling, Wolfgang. "Urban Runoff Quality Management by Real-Time Control." In Urban Runoff Pollution, 765–817. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1986. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-70889-3_26.
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3
Field, Richard. "Urban Stormwater Runoff Quality Management: Low-Structurally Intensive Measures and Treatment." In Urban Runoff Pollution, 677–99. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1986. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-70889-3_21.
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4
Delattre, J. M., A. Bachoc, and Guy Jacquet. "Performance of Hardware Components for Real Time Management of Sewer Systems." In Urban Runoff Pollution, 819–42. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1986. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-70889-3_27.
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5
Roesner, Larry A. "Urban Runoff Processes." In Water Resources Monograph, 137–59. Washington, D. C.: American Geophysical Union, 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/wm007p0137.
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6
Weatherbe, D. G. "Continuous Simulation Models to Evaluate Urban Drainage Impacts in Ontario." In Urban Runoff Pollution, 649–73. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1986. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-70889-3_20.
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7
Ellis, J. Bryan. "Pollutional Aspects of Urban Runoff." In Urban Runoff Pollution, 1–38. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1986. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-70889-3_1.
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8
Hémain, J. C. "Statistically Based Modelling of Urban Runoff Quality: State of the Art." In Urban Runoff Pollution, 277–303. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1986. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-70889-3_10.
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9
van der Heijden, Rene T. J. M., Lambertus Lijklema, and R. Hans Aalderink. "A Statistical Methodology for the Assessment of Water Quality Effects of Storm Water Discharges." In Urban Runoff Pollution, 305–23. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1986. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-70889-3_11.
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10
Servat, Eric. "TSS, BOD5 and COD Accumulation and Transport Over Urban Catchment Surfaces: A Modelling Approach." In Urban Runoff Pollution, 325–42. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1986. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-70889-3_12.
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Тези доповідей конференцій з теми "Urban runoff Vietnam Management":

1
Ports, Michael A. "Evaluation of Urban Runoff Control Programs." In Third International Conference on Watershed Management. Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2003. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/40706(266)5.
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2
Shapiro, Neal. "Sustainable Land Design in Urban Runoff Management." In World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2011. Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2011. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/41173(414)338.
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3
Lucas, William C. "Developing an Effective Urban Runoff Management Approach." In World Water and Environmental Resources Congress 2005. Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2005. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/40792(173)174.
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4
Lucas, William C. "Delaware Urban Runoff Management Model: Hydrology and Hydraulics." In World Water and Environmental Resources Congress 2003. Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2003. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/40685(2003)276.
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5
Park, Mi-Hyun, and Michael K. Stenstrom. "Identification of Roads for Urban Runoff Pollution Management." In IGARSS 2008 - 2008 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium. IEEE, 2008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/igarss.2008.4779792.
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6
Katopodes, Nikolaos D. "Modeling Urban Runoff." In World Water and Environmental Resources Congress 2003. Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2003. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/40685(2003)300.
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7
Yu, Byunggu, Pradeep K. Behera, Seon Ho Kim, Juan F. Ramirez Rochac, and Travis Branham. "Environmental urban runoff monitoring." In SPIE Smart Structures and Materials + Nondestructive Evaluation and Health Monitoring, edited by Masayoshi Tomizuka. SPIE, 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.847308.
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8
Muraca, Alessandro, and Matteo Balistrocchi. "Urban Runoff Management in High Concentration Industrial Sites: A Case Study." In Ninth International Conference on Urban Drainage (9ICUD). Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2002. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/40644(2002)175.
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9
Zhang, Xiaohui, Eve Halper, and George Ball. "Remote Sensing and GIS Derived Hydrologic Parameters for a Distributed Urban Stormwater Runoff Simulation." In Watershed Management and Operations Management Conferences 2000. Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2001. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/40499(2000)91.
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10
Hackett, Donna, David Crawford, John Schenk, and Mary K. Stinson. "Verification of Urban Runoff Models." In Ninth International Conference on Urban Drainage (9ICUD). Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2002. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/40644(2002)124.
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Звіти організацій з теми "Urban runoff Vietnam Management":

1
Goatley, Michael, and Kevin Hensler. Urban Nutrient Management Handbook. Blacksburg, VA: Virginia Cooperative Extension, August 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.21061/430-350.
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2
Satterthwaite, David. Topic Guide: Urban poverty, urban pollution and environmental management. Evidence on Demand, March 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.12774/eod_tg.march2015.satterwaited.
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3
Katznelson, R., W. T. Jewell, and S. L. Anderson. Spatial and temporal variations in toxicity in a marsh receiving urban runoff. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), June 1993. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/10176778.
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4
Alleman, James, Barry Partridge, and Lee Yeung. Innovative Environmental Management of Winter Salt Runoff Problems at INDOT Yards. West Lafayette, IN: Purdue University, 2004. http://dx.doi.org/10.5703/1288284313253.
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5
Priymachenko, Oleksiy. Environmental Management Methods for Trunk Road Adjacent Urban Areas. PІDVODNІ TEHNOLOGІЇ, June 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.31493/tit1909.1802.
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6
Mallarino, Antonio P., Aaron Alan Andrews, Mazhar Ul Haq, and Matthew J. Helmers. Corn Harvest and Nutrient Management Systems Impacts on Phosphorus Loss with Surface Runoff. Ames: Iowa State University, Digital Repository, 2010. http://dx.doi.org/10.31274/farmprogressreports-180814-1891.
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7
Harris, Jody, Phuong Huynh, Hoa T. Nguyen, Nga Hoang, Lan Tran Mai, Le Danh Tuyen, and Phuong Hong Nguyen. Vietnam country brief. Washington, DC: International Food Policy Research Institute, 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.2499/p15738coll2.133803.
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8
Daluddung, Susan. Community Benchmarks: An Analysis of Performance Measurements in Urban Planning Management. Portland State University Library, January 2000. http://dx.doi.org/10.15760/etd.1663.
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9
Pinkel, Robert. Ocean Dynamics: Vietnam DRI. Fort Belvoir, VA: Defense Technical Information Center, September 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.21236/ada601137.
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10
Pinkel, Robert. Ocean Dynamics: Vietnam DRI. Fort Belvoir, VA: Defense Technical Information Center, September 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.21236/ada572183.
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