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Статті в журналах з теми "Economic development Environmental aspects Fiji":
Clegg, E. J. "Aspects of Fertility in Suva, Fiji." Journal of Biosocial Science 20, no. 3 (July 1988): 295–312. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0021932000006635.
SummaryRecent changes in vital rates in Fiji suggest that the Melanesian (MF) component of the population is growing faster than the Indian (IF) component, thus reversing a long-standing demographic trend.Patterns of family building were studied in the respondent families of 302 MF and 324 IF children at school in the capital, Suva. Melanesian families were larger than IF families, even when corrected for differences in maternal age and social class. Particularly among IF families, there was a significant effect of social class on family size, higher status families having fewer children. Among all groups there was evidence of a secular trend to earlier childbearing and, less clearly, to an earlier cessation of childbearing. Among both races age-specific fertility levels were similar in younger age-groups, but older IF mothers showed significantly lower fertility.It is suggested that among IF families, who form a more urbanized and commercially/industrially oriented segment of the Fijian population, two factors may account for the reduction in fertility: (i) pressure to limit population growth in the interests of racial harmony; and (ii) economic pressure resulting in a demographic transition. The latter suggestion is supported by the fact that the greatest decrease in fertility occurs among high status families. Among MFs the reduction in fertility has been less, due probably to the absence of a ‘racial harmony’ incentive and also to a lesser economic stimulus.
Dovgal, O. A., and I. O. Panova. "Environmental aspects of world socio-economic development." Economic scope, no. 140 (December 2018): 158–67. http://dx.doi.org/10.30838/p.es.2224.261218.158.336.
Narayan, Paresh Kumar, and Biman Chand Prasad. "ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF THE SUGAR INDUSTRY FOR FIJI." Review of Urban and Regional Development Studies 17, no. 2 (July 2005): 104–14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-940x.2005.00097.x.
Environment of rural areas is specific. Rural area is different from the city because of the different densities of housing, different economic activities and different social psychological characteristics of the population. In contrast to the urban rural areas are mostly developed elementary, while the city doing different types of urban plans and development. Opinion is that the rural environment and healthier preserved from the city. However, as rising demand for food, so it is coming to an increase of different agro chemicals, additives and hormones. In recent times the current problems of genetically modified agricultural products. Therefore, is control and environmental management has become liabilities.
Ellis, Frank. "Small-Farm Sugar Production in Fiji: Employment and Distribution Aspects." IDS Bulletin 19, no. 2 (July 1988): 47–53. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1759-5436.1988.mp19002007.x.
Taylor, Neil, and Colin Macpherson. "Environmental education in Fiji." International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education 2, no. 1 (March 1993): 3–10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10382046.1993.9964892.
The central theme of this paper is that a core – periphery structure which was established in Fiji in colonial times has been maintained in the current independent state. The basic structure has not changed and the nature of the relationships between the capitalist mode of production (as the main component of the core) and the village-based mode of production (as a typical mode of the periphery) are supporting the already polarized economic pattern. The current major mechanisms which operate to maintain the basic structure are the pattern of capital allocation, internal migration, the preservation of the village mode of production, and the monopolistic position of the core. These major mechanisms do not differ significantly from past mechanisms although the specific details may vary somewhat. Changes within the structure may occur through a transformation process, in which some basic modification in the production relations and the production forces of the village mode of production may occur. This is regarded as progress and may improve the position of the periphery in relation to the core but does not cause any change of the basic structure.
SHOMSHEKOVA, Balhiya Kulmesovna, Saken Ualikhanovich ABDIBEKOV, Bauyrzhan Susaruly KULBAY, Aibarshyn Mamlenovna KASENOVA, and Anar Satybaldinovna SADVAKASOVA. "Environmental and Economic Sustainability of Regional Development." Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism 11, no. 3 (June 2020): 594. http://dx.doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v11.3(43).12.
In this study, the authors focus on the environmental and economic aspects of sustainable development at the regional level. Theoretical aspects of sustainable development of regions have been described, the main environmental problems giving rise to the formation of proposals for sustainable development have been presented, and the main systems of indicators of environmentally sustainable development have been analyzed. The analysis of the dynamics of the main indicators of the environment state in the Republic of Kazakhstan has been carried out and problems that impede the formation of environmentally sustainable development in the region have been identified. The directions of solving the problems of environmental sustainability of regions have been developed, providing for the construction of an organizational and economic mechanism for environmentally sustainable development, as well as improving several tools for managing sustainability. The authors attempt to fill in the existing gaps based on the materials of Kazakhstan, showing the problems of effective management of environmental sustainability based on the greening of industrial production, introduction of environmental innovations, development of the environmental culture of the population, as well as scientific justification of approaches to assessing regional environmental sustainability.
Дисертації з теми "Economic development Environmental aspects Fiji":
Halapua, S. "Aspects of the financing of economic development : With special reference to Fiji." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation, University of Kent, 1988. http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.233359.
This thesis is composed of two parts; the first addresses theoretical aspects of the economics of targeting pollution control policy, whilst the second is an illustrative case study designed to embellish the more abstract insights of the first section.
Page, Andre Paul. "The barriers and opportunities of resource efficiency and cleaner production within a South African context." Thesis, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, 2002. http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11838/2800.
Thesis (MTech (Business Administration))--Cape Peninsula University of Technology, 2017. This research study investigates how environmental tools such as Resource Efficiency and Cleaner Production (RECP) can contribute to sustaining and supporting economic growth in South Africa. Resource optimisation is crucial when considering the concept of sustainable development. It also contributes to addressing the challenges of global warming and climate change, which in turn threaten industrial growth and sustainability in the long term. The study places emphasis on the barriers that prevent industry from implementing RECP recommendations, and identifies opportunities that could potentially reposition businesses should they consider implementation. It also promotes other sustainability tools that are available through collaboration with international entities, and this could be of great benefit to the South African industry. Factors of unemployment and urbanisation restricts national growth to some degree, hence the study explores how RECP can contribute to job retention by introducing new resource optimisation methodologies for the manufacturing sector, Moreover, it examines the imbalance between the demand as well as limitations of these resources. Through the compilation of data collated from questionnaires completed by industry, government and civil society participants, this study looks at achieving a balance between environmental sustainability and growth. It also looks at aligning this balance with the integration of specific economic and environmental policies, which also includes social aspects. What comes through significantly in this research is the lack of awareness within industry in terms of RECP, as well as the importance of prioritising the uptake of environmental initiatives to ensure that industry is compliant with the stringent policies and legislation designed by government to drive the sustainability process. Consequently the study shows that communication between public and private sector, as well as the awareness raising and marketing of sustainability to consumers need to be improved. An analysis of the various government support mechanisms is conducted, in respect of how industry could potentially leverage growth and drive positive change within their businesses. In addition to RECP, emphasis is placed on other Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) initiatives and tools that could possibly entrench sustainable practices and help with their incorporation into their business strategies.
Stefani, Gianluca. "Economic aspects of information in environmental economics." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation, University of York, 2007. http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.489205.
Information may resolve uncertainty and uncertainty is pervasive. Thus, seeking, producing and trading of information are common economic activities. This is also true in the economics of the environment and for the different stakeholders therein involved. The central aim of this research is to investigate some theoretical aspects of the value and effects of information in environmental economics. Information is valuable either as a decision aid in contexts where either health and environmental characteristics of goods are uncertain or as the object of direct valuation under different provision rules. In a choice context three questions arise providing grounds for empirical investigations.
Samuel, Hilary R. (Hilary Ruth). "Educating for sustainable development : a case study of an environmental immersion school." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation, McGill University, 1991. http://digitool.Library.McGill.CA:80/R/?func=dbin-jump-full&object_id=60475.
A new environmental immersion school has opened in Canada. This case study examines early stages of the project's implementation in order to contribute to an understanding of how best to implement environmental education in schools. Examination of the literature on educational change led to an analytical framework which included: (1) Characteristics of the innovation; (2) Strategies and tactics used; (3) Contextual characteristics; (4) Macro sociopolitical factors. This was used to categorize qualitative data collected through interviews, observation, a questionnaire and documents. The study uncovered a number of obstacles to implementation in the school, principally: (1) Conceptual problems about environmental education; (2) Poorly defined school philosophy and goals; (3) Difficulties in coordinating the project between individual efforts and departments; (4) A hiatus between administration and teacher perceptions. The case study provided insight on the process of curriculum implementation as well as specific issues relating to environmental education and the theme of sustainable development.
Joffe, David. "Modelling Technical, Spatial, Economic and Environmental Aspects of Hydrogen Infrastructure Development for London's Buses." Electronic Thesis or Dissertation, Imperial College London, 2010. http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.520837.
This thesis examines the proposition that the local population at a tourist destination copy the economic behaviour of tourists and learn to give economic value to the same objects and activities that are demonstrated by tourists. Levuka, the old capital of Fiji, served as the case study. It was found that decisions are based on the experiences and the cultural template of which those decisions are a part. There are many acculturating factors involved in the learning process as a subsistance-based economy becomes more monetised. The purchasing habits of tourists have little obvious effect. However, there is evidence that what is of value to tourists and what encourages them to visit the destination are not fully appreciated by many of the host population. Examples of these culturally dissimilar values are externalities such as the physical structures of the built environment and unquantifiable factors such as the ambience of the destination. It is argued that an understanding of the factors that have created cultural rules is necessary if a complete analysis of the effects of tourism is to be undertaken. This can be achieved by considering change as a process and tracing that process by examining the cultural history of the host community. Tourism should be seen as another aspect of change. The response to tourism will then be seen as a new challenge that will be met using the lessons previously learnt and incorporated into the cultural template.
Ricardo, Gilberto. "Sustainable tourism development: A case study of Bazaruto Island in Inhambane, Mozambique." Thesis, University of the Western Cape, 2004. http://hdl.handle.net/11394/1424.
Magister Artium - MA Sustainable tourism development strategies are regarded as suitable for developed countries, while pro-poor tourism strategies are seen as suitable approaches for underdeveloped countries. Both approaches stress the importance of local community-based or collaborative tourism management. The goal of these strategies is for local communities to achieve a more equitable share of benefits accruing from tourism development. This study dealt with the problem of which policy changes need to be brought about to ensure sustainable tourism development on Bazaruto Island. From an economic perspective, one would wish to examine the economic returns to tourism, ensuring that as many of the benefits as possible stay within Mozambique while some accrue to local community members. In addition, from an ecological perspective, it would be necessary to ensure that much of the pristine environment is retained. The local community would wish to ensure significant participation in preserving and promoting its culture as part of the development of tourism. South Africa
Roth, Richard A. "Sustainable development: political/ideological aspects and implications for planning." Dissertation, Virginia Tech, 1993. http://hdl.handle.net/10919/39119.
Recent evidence of widespread environmental degradation and global changes resulting from human activities have revived a debate about the sustainability of the progress of human welfare that began at least 200 years ago. In this renewed debate, the seriousness and causes of environmental degradation are subject to widely divergent interpretations. There are many conceivable sustainable futures; the most important differences among them are not technical but political and ideological.
The practice of environmental planning is concerned with a wide variety of contexts and situations at the human-environment interface. Because land use is at the root of many of the problems of environmental degradation (e.g., habitat destruction, air pollution, water pollution), land use planning is an appropriate focus for consideration of the role of environmental planning in sustainable development.
Planning as a profession, with its inherent future orientation and focus on public values, is well situated to deal with the kinds of problems raised in the discourse regarding sustainability. Examination of mainstream land use planning practices, however, reveals a reactive, reformist incrementalism that responds to environmental degradation caused by growth, but that addresses neither its causes nor its dynamics. Mainstream land use planning approaches have attempted to resolve conflicts between development and environment through spatial solutions at various scales. The need to plan for ecological sustainability is difficult to reconcile with the democratic ideal of local self-determination.
Many alternative approaches to land use planning for sustainable development focus on design solutions. The requirements of sustainability are not merely technical, however. There are both emancipatory possibilities and their opposite in sustainability. Implementing sustainability offers planners a number of choices.
They can act as mediators, demystifyers of technical information, exposers of hidden ideological assumptions, and advocates. They can strengthen existing authority, or work towards an enlightened self-determination at the local level. Ph. D.
Tol, Richard S. J. "Economic aspects of global environmental models." In Theory and Implementation of Economic Models for Sustainable Development, 277–86. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 1998. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-3511-7_14.
Kaigorodova, G. N., G. K. Pyrkova, A. A. Mustafina, and D. P. Alyakina. "Regional and Country Aspects of Compensating for Environmental Damage." In Regional Economic Development in Russia, 3–14. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-39859-0_1.
Singh, Ajay Kumar, and Partha Narayan Hajra. "Economic and Environmental Aspects." In SpringerBriefs in Energy, 83–98. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2018. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-66465-1_4.
Keyes, Conrad G. "Societal, Environmental, and Economic Aspects." In Guidelines for Cloud Seeding to Augment Precipitation, 11–52. Reston, VA: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/9780784414118.ch02.
Harris, Pauline, Cynthia Brock, Elspeth McInnes, Bec Neill, Alexandra Diamond, Jenni Carter, Ufemia Camaitoga, Meresiana Krishna, and Eleni Giannakis. "In Fiji." In International Perspectives on Early Childhood Education and Development, 11–39. Singapore: Springer Singapore, 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-981-15-6587-8_2.
Тези доповідей конференцій з теми "Economic development Environmental aspects Fiji":
Manzhilevskaya, Svetlana, and Lubov Petrenko. "Social and economic aspects of environmental protection measures for environmental safety." In Proceedings of the International Scientific-Practical Conference “Business Cooperation as a Resource of Sustainable Economic Development and Investment Attraction” (ISPCBC 2019). Paris, France: Atlantis Press, 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.2991/ispcbc-19.2019.34.
Konyukhov, Vladimir. "Environmental And Economic Aspects Of Waste Recycling." In Trends and Innovations in Economic Studies, Science on Baikal Session. European Publisher, 2020. http://dx.doi.org/10.15405/epsbs.2020.12.104.
HORSKA, Elena, Alim PULATOV, and Khabibullo PIRMATOV. "ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF VALUE ADDED AGRICULTURE IN UZBEKISTAN." In RURAL DEVELOPMENT. Aleksandras Stulginskis University, 2018. http://dx.doi.org/10.15544/rd.2017.213.
The goal of this paper is to analyse socio-economic role of value added agriculture in Uzbekistan. The main agricultural exports are cotton (raw and yarn), fruits, vegetables, leather, wool and fur. There is an opportunity to acquire more social and economic advantages by exporting finished goods, which are made out of primary agricultural commodities. Adding value to agricultural products lead to increasing the share of finished goods in export, supplying import-substituting products, improving infrastructure in rural areas, providing new jobs and growing people’s income. The paper presents the analyse of the agriculture sector in GDP and the production dynamics of the primary agricultural commodities during 2005-2014, as well as comparison the share of cotton, fruits, vegetables and leather in export in 2005 and 2014. Based on the analyses it is recommended to widely use value added agriculture in order to support people, who are living in rural areas in Uzbekistan.
Surugiu, Liliana, and Ion Paraschivoiu. "Environmental, social and economic aspects of wind energy." In 35th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference and Exhibit. Reston, Virigina: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2000. http://dx.doi.org/10.2514/6.2000-3008.
Plchova, Jana. "Environmental Protection in the Slovak Republic: Economic Aspects." In The 7th International Scientific Conference "Business and Management 2012". Vilnius, Lithuania: Vilnius Gediminas Technical University Publishing House Technika, 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.3846/bm.2012.060.
Liobikiene, Genovaite, and Janis Brizga. "The challenges of bioeconomy implementation considering environmental aspects in the Baltic States: an input-output approach." In 20th International Scientific Conference "Economic Science for Rural Development 2019". Latvia University of Life Sciences and Technologies. Faculty of Economics and Social Development, 2019. http://dx.doi.org/10.22616/esrd.2019.142.
Gontar, Anastasia. "Ensuring economic safety: regional aspects." In International Scientific Conference "Competitive, Sustainable and Secure Development of the Regional Economy: Response to Global Challenges" (CSSDRE 2018). Paris, France: Atlantis Press, 2018. http://dx.doi.org/10.2991/cssdre-18.2018.149.
Damigos, D., and D. Kaliampakos. "Economic aspects of modern environmental policy issues: a step forward." In ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS AND INVESTMENT ASSESSMENT 2006. Southampton, UK: WIT Press, 2006. http://dx.doi.org/10.2495/eeia060021.
Kozlovska, Maria. "ECONOMIC, ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL ASPECTS OF LIVING IN APARTMENT BUILDINGS." In 15th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM2015. Stef92 Technology, 2015. http://dx.doi.org/10.5593/sgem2015/b53/s21.029.
Звіти організацій з теми "Economic development Environmental aspects Fiji":
Fowler, T. K., E. Greenspan, and J. P. Holdren. Code development incorporating environmental, safety and economic aspects of fusion reactors; Annual progress report. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), December 1993. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/140924.
Ho, S., T. Fowler, and J. Holdren. Code development incorporating environmental, safety, and economic aspects of fusion reactors (FY 89--91). Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), November 1991. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/6087992.
Ho, S. K., T. K. Fowler, and J. P. Holdren. Code development incorporating environmental, safety, and economic aspects of fusion reactors (FY 89--91). Final report. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), November 1991. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/10106736.
Ho, S. K., T. K. Fowler, and J. P. Holdren. Code development incorporating environmental, safety, and economic aspects of fusion reactors (FY 92--94). Final report. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), November 1994. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/674823.
Holdren, J. P., D. H. Berwald, R. J. Budnitz, J. G. Crocker, J. G. Delene, R. D. Endicott, M. S. Kazimi, R. A. Krakowski, B. G. Logan, and K. R. Schultz. Report of the senior committee on environmental, safety, and economic aspects of magnetic fusion energy. Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), September 1989. http://dx.doi.org/10.2172/5006294.
Campling, Liam. Fisheries Aspects of ACP-EU Interim Economic Partnership Agreements: Trade and Sustainable Development Implications. Geneva, Switzerland: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, 2008. http://dx.doi.org/10.7215/nr_ip_20081013.
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