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1

Clegg, E. J. "Aspects of Fertility in Suva, Fiji." Journal of Biosocial Science 20, no. 3 (July 1988): 295–312. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0021932000006635.

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SummaryRecent changes in vital rates in Fiji suggest that the Melanesian (MF) component of the population is growing faster than the Indian (IF) component, thus reversing a long-standing demographic trend.Patterns of family building were studied in the respondent families of 302 MF and 324 IF children at school in the capital, Suva. Melanesian families were larger than IF families, even when corrected for differences in maternal age and social class. Particularly among IF families, there was a significant effect of social class on family size, higher status families having fewer children. Among all groups there was evidence of a secular trend to earlier childbearing and, less clearly, to an earlier cessation of childbearing. Among both races age-specific fertility levels were similar in younger age-groups, but older IF mothers showed significantly lower fertility.It is suggested that among IF families, who form a more urbanized and commercially/industrially oriented segment of the Fijian population, two factors may account for the reduction in fertility: (i) pressure to limit population growth in the interests of racial harmony; and (ii) economic pressure resulting in a demographic transition. The latter suggestion is supported by the fact that the greatest decrease in fertility occurs among high status families. Among MFs the reduction in fertility has been less, due probably to the absence of a ‘racial harmony’ incentive and also to a lesser economic stimulus.
2

Dovgal, O. A., and I. O. Panova. "Environmental aspects of world socio-economic development." Economic scope, no. 140 (December 26, 2018): 158–67. http://dx.doi.org/10.30838/p.es.2224.261218.158.336.

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3

Robock, Stefan H. "REGIONAL ASPECTS OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT." Papers in Regional Science 2, no. 1 (January 14, 2005): 51–69. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1435-5597.1956.tb01547.x.

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4

SHEVCHUK, ANATOLY V. "ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF ARCTIC DEVELOPMENT." Scientific Works of the Free Economic Society of Russia 226, no. 6 (2020): 146–62. http://dx.doi.org/10.38197/2072-2060-2020-226-6-146-162.

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The Arctic is of great importance for the development of the country’s economy. At the same time, the active entry of industry into this region brings with it environmental risks. The most difficult issues for reducing environmental stress in this zone are the elimination of accumulated environmental damage, prevention and elimination of accidents. The important decisions made in the development of the Arctic provide for the implementation of environmental protection measures based on the national project “Ecology”. Large industrial enterprises located in the Arctic will play a significant role in this. To ensure conditions for the further development of the economy in this zone, it is necessary to intensify the work on cleaning up the contaminated areas, including the completion of a project for the ecological improvement of the Franz Josef Land archipelago. The issue of assessing and eliminating the consequences of accidents is relevant for the Arctic, but in this direction it is necessary to improve the regulatory and methodological base. Based on the results of the study, specific measures are proposed to improve the environmental situation in the Arctic, including: to organize scientific research to assess the accumulated and current and environmental damage in the Arctic, to form a separate subprogram “Elimination of accumulated environmental damage in the Russian Arctic for the period 2022–2030”; to prepare proposals for the allocation of directions in the structure of the Arctic Development Fund for environmental safety and elimination of accumulated and future environmental damage; to develop a modern regulatory and methodological base for the determination of damage; to settle issues of a regulatory and methodological nature in terms of assessment and elimination of the consequences of accidents to develop proposals on the use of public-private partnership mechanisms with state funding of measures aimed at the rehabilitation of environmentally unfavorable territories, the elimination of environmental damage in the Arctic.
5

Sofer, M. "Core–Periphery Structure in Fiji." Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 6, no. 1 (March 1988): 55–74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1068/d060055.

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The central theme of this paper is that a core – periphery structure which was established in Fiji in colonial times has been maintained in the current independent state. The basic structure has not changed and the nature of the relationships between the capitalist mode of production (as the main component of the core) and the village-based mode of production (as a typical mode of the periphery) are supporting the already polarized economic pattern. The current major mechanisms which operate to maintain the basic structure are the pattern of capital allocation, internal migration, the preservation of the village mode of production, and the monopolistic position of the core. These major mechanisms do not differ significantly from past mechanisms although the specific details may vary somewhat. Changes within the structure may occur through a transformation process, in which some basic modification in the production relations and the production forces of the village mode of production may occur. This is regarded as progress and may improve the position of the periphery in relation to the core but does not cause any change of the basic structure.
6

Ljesevic, Milutin, Milutin Mrksa, and Misko Milanovic. "Environmental aspects of rural development planning." Glasnik Srpskog geografskog drustva 91, no. 1 (2011): 33–50. http://dx.doi.org/10.2298/gsgd1101033l.

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Environment of rural areas is specific. Rural area is different from the city because of the different densities of housing, different economic activities and different social psychological characteristics of the population. In contrast to the urban rural areas are mostly developed elementary, while the city doing different types of urban plans and development. Opinion is that the rural environment and healthier preserved from the city. However, as rising demand for food, so it is coming to an increase of different agro chemicals, additives and hormones. In recent times the current problems of genetically modified agricultural products. Therefore, is control and environmental management has become liabilities.
7

SHOMSHEKOVA, Balhiya Kulmesovna, Saken Ualikhanovich ABDIBEKOV, Bauyrzhan Susaruly KULBAY, Aibarshyn Mamlenovna KASENOVA, and Anar Satybaldinovna SADVAKASOVA. "Environmental and Economic Sustainability of Regional Development." Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism 11, no. 3 (June 14, 2020): 594. http://dx.doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v11.3(43).12.

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In this study, the authors focus on the environmental and economic aspects of sustainable development at the regional level. Theoretical aspects of sustainable development of regions have been described, the main environmental problems giving rise to the formation of proposals for sustainable development have been presented, and the main systems of indicators of environmentally sustainable development have been analyzed. The analysis of the dynamics of the main indicators of the environment state in the Republic of Kazakhstan has been carried out and problems that impede the formation of environmentally sustainable development in the region have been identified. The directions of solving the problems of environmental sustainability of regions have been developed, providing for the construction of an organizational and economic mechanism for environmentally sustainable development, as well as improving several tools for managing sustainability. The authors attempt to fill in the existing gaps based on the materials of Kazakhstan, showing the problems of effective management of environmental sustainability based on the greening of industrial production, introduction of environmental innovations, development of the environmental culture of the population, as well as scientific justification of approaches to assessing regional environmental sustainability.
8

Mosiej, Józef. "Sustainable Rural Development Policy in Poland – Environmental Aspects." Acta Regionalia et Environmentalica 11, no. 2 (December 1, 2014): 41–51. http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/aree-2014-0008.

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Abstract The author discusses issues of sustainable development in rural areas in Poland from the perspective of natural resources management. Sustainable development of rural areas is the way of managing which links economic, social and ethical principles with ecological safety. This may be reached by proper management, directed on cautious usage of ecosystems’ self-controlling mechanisms, with the progress of science and technology. Agriculture in Poland is one of the most important sectors from an economic perspective and its importance is greater in Poland than in other countries in the EU. It has an influence not only on the social and economic situation of the rural population, but also on the natural environment, structure of landscape and biodiversity. From ecological point of view, functions of rural areas are not only being a place for production of food, resources for industry and green energy, but also supplying environmental goods such as protection of biodiversity and influencing air and water quality as well as landscape. The author presents ways to reduce the pressure of agricultural activities on water resources in the region, catchment and farm scale
9

Khuntia, Nabanita, and Jitendra Mohan Mishra. "Economic and Environmental Aspects of SustainableTourism Development-A Conceptual Study." Atna - Journal of Tourism Studies 9, no. 1 (January 1, 2014): 15–28. http://dx.doi.org/10.12727/ajts.11.2.

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The term sustainable development is a commonly and widely used term in our contemporary world. The concept has gained popularity because it satisfies the urge of both its environmentalists and the developers. Sustainable tourism is considered as the meeting point of the developers and environmentalists even as both of them are quite skeptic about each other and criticize each other. Tourism which is an economic sector can eradicate poverty to a great extent. But the overuse of the natural resources for the tourism activities always leads to the negative impact on the environment. So there is an urgent need to maintain the balance between development and environment; otherwise the ever grasping power of tourism and development will demolish the basic structure of the world. The aim of this paper is to study the dialogues of sustainable tourism with reference to environment and economy. The present article is a conceptual discussion of evolution and the issues of sustainable tourism under economy and the environmental heads and concludes that both environment and development have equal importance in the betterment and survival of the human society
10

Pop, Calin-Cornel, Vasile Septimiu Ormenisan, and Catalin Daniel Pop. "ENVIRONMENTAL AXES: MANAGEMENT AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT. REGIONAL AND LOCAL ASPECTS." Environmental Engineering and Management Journal 15, no. 5 (2016): 1148–53. http://dx.doi.org/10.30638/eemj.2016.127.

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11

VINOGRADOVA, Elena Valeryevna, Maria Mikhailovna MUKHLYNINA, Dmitry Nikolaevich MUKHLYNIN, Natalia Vladimirovna SOLOVYEVA, and Olga Yevgenievna LEBEDEVA. "Economic and Legal Aspects of Environmental Safety." Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism 9, no. 1 (June 23, 2018): 144. http://dx.doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v9.1(25).18.

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The paper is devoted to the economic and legal aspects of environmental safety in modern conditions. It is proved that there are the necessary initial data and rationalizing materials for the introduction in accordance with the established procedure of the normative indicators of the lower threshold of environmental safety. It has been established that in the economically developed countries considerable experience in recycling household waste has been accumulated. It is determined that there are all grounds to assert that, at the present level of development of science and technology, it is technologically possible to ensure environmental safety through the rational use of natural resources, the introduction of wasteless complexes, resource and energy-saving facilities. Practice has shown that in the legislation of the Russian Federation the issues of rational use of natural resources are poorly reflected. These issues were studied in detail in the governmental plans, which in the previous period had the status of laws.
12

Farran, Sue. "Balancing livelihoods with environmental protection: A case study from Fiji." Environmental Law Review 22, no. 4 (December 2020): 266–79. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1461452920966583.

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Pacific Island states – sometimes classified as small island developing states, are among those most vulnerable to climate change and environmental degradation brought about by development initiatives such as logging, mining, commercial agriculture and tourism. While these may have economic benefits, many Fijians live in rural areas with limited or no opportunity for paid employment and rely on subsistence farming and natural resources for their livelihoods. The importance of the latter – particularly for many women – and increasing pressure on these resources, raise sustainability concerns. If natural resource environments are to be protected, restrictions – some of which are already in place – need to be not only enforced but possibly extended. This could, however, impact negatively on these dependent livelihoods. This article considers this dilemma in the context of two Fijian villages in the district of Ba, where women depend on the mangrove areas, primarily for catching crabs for sale in the local markets, using the money earned to meet basic needs.
13

HANSEN, NILES. "ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF REGIONAL SEPARATISM." Papers in Regional Science 41, no. 1 (January 14, 2005): 143–52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1435-5597.1978.tb01044.x.

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14

Burliai, A. P. ,., V. S. Kostyuk, L. W. Smoliy, and A. A. Osipova. "Modern theories of economic development: social aspects." Collected Works of Uman National University of Horticulture 2, no. 98 (June 20, 2021): 221–31. http://dx.doi.org/10.31395/2415-8240-2021-98-2-221-231.

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The article examines modern theories of economic development in the context of social aspects. The aim of the study is to generalize the social aspects of modern economic theories of development to determine the trajectory and possible directions of social policy. The essence and evolution of models of economic development according to the concepts of welfare are determined. Many well-known foreign researchers are interested in the causes of the wealth of some nations and the poverty and decline of others. Thus, D. Acemoglu and J. Robinson proved that the main condition for achieving the well-being of nations are economic institutions – rules that determine the social efficiency of the economy, incentives and motivations of people, rather than natural and geographical factors. Norwegian A. Reinert believes that rich countries have become rich through a combination of government intervention, strategic investment and protectionism, rather than free trade. American economist M. Olson pointed to the role of private property, taxation, public goods, collective action and contractual rights in economic development. N. Rosenberg and L. Birzdel, A. Sen, E. Duflo and A. Banerjee emphasize that the only issue they focus on is how to increase the material well-being of people, which is measured by the presence of most opportunities to choose and shape the quality of their own lives, to fight not with the consequences of poverty, but with its causes, that is, starting with public education, basic medicine and hygiene. New theoretical approaches to the interpretation of social factors of economic development and social transformations in Ukraine have also been formed in the works of Ukrainian researchers. It is established that a prerequisite for the successful development of the national economic system is to ensure the priority of man, education, health care, environmental protection, which, in turn, stimulate significant economic potential and long-term prosperity of society.
15

Chi, Chang, and V. M. Zaernyuk. "Theoretical aspects of sustainable development and green economy." National Interests: Priorities and Security 16, no. 9 (September 15, 2020): 1749–64. http://dx.doi.org/10.24891/ni.16.9.1749.

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Subject. The article focuses on the need to coordinate efforts stimulating the economic growth and environmental protection so as to drive the economic development without any losses and difficulties. Objectives. In the study, we examine the mechanism for the mutual impact of the economic growth in industries and the environmental protections so as to build the empirical basis for the reasonable natural protection policy. Methods. Theoretical projects are based on the analysis of economic literature and empirical studies on resources, environment and sustainable economic development in the existing theories of economic growth. Results. We substantiate and corroborate the assumption that the gist of green development implies the sustainable economic and social development driven by a concerted and sustainable economic and environmental growth. The understanding of natural environment should be totally revised so as to convey that the natural environment is not a resource that can be consumed eternally, but does have its own limits. Conclusions and Relevance. In the future, Russia’s economy should rely upon the sustainable development model, where the green constituent will dictate a new strategy underlying the national economic growth and advancement.
16

Zabaznova, T. A., T. V. Sekacheva, S. E. Karpushova, E. V. Patsyuk, O. A. Surkova, N. V. Shchukina, M. V. Reshetnikova, and O. A. Ryzhova. "ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS IN THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP." Вестник Алтайской академии экономики и права 1, no. 12 2020 (2020): 84–92. http://dx.doi.org/10.17513/vaael.1478.

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17

Moroz, Galyna V., Olga A. Grytsan, Oleh A. Vivcharenko, and Nadiia R. Kobetska. "Relationship Between Economic Growth and Environmental Pressures (Legal Aspects)." International Journal of Agricultural Extension 9, no. 4 (August 18, 2021): 127–39. http://dx.doi.org/10.33687/ijae.009.00.3728.

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The problem of the impact of economic development of the world on the state of the environment is quite relevant today. Entrepreneurs usually defend their private interests and try to increase profits in every possible way, without caring about the state of the environment and the future. If in the economically developed countries of the world the government is trying hard to control compliance with environmental legislation and implement a green economy, Ukraine is hopelessly behind, and only in recent years is beginning to actively think about preserving the environment and develop mechanisms to achieve this goal. It is important to explore how the legal aspect can help address the balance between Ukraine's economic development and environmental quality, especially in terms of its impact on climate change, where air pollution, waste generation and energy security are key factors. The purpose of the study was to investigate the legal aspect of the interrelation between economic growth and environmental pressures. As a result, the world experience in finding ways of mutually beneficial activities for the economic development of countries and the preservation of the environment was analysed. The study examined the factors influencing climate change, waste generation and energy security in the projection of economic development. The main principles (strategy) of the state ecological policy of Ukraine for the period up to 2030 are analysed; regulations of Ukraine and the European Union, which regulate the preservation of the environment in terms of the legal effect on solving the problem of the interrelation between economic growth and pressure on the environment.
18

MOSTOVA, Anastasiia Dmytrivna. "STRATEGIC ASPECTS OF THE STATE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT." Ukrainian Journal of Applied Economics, no. 2 (2019): 87–96. http://dx.doi.org/10.36887/2415-8453-2019-2-10.

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Abstract Introduction. The current conditions of the development of socio-economic relations, the formation of a single economic space and globalization processes require Ukraine to formulate economic development strategies aimed at achieving strategic priorities, goals and objectives. The availability of effective economic strategies allows the management of socio-economic processes at the state level, taking into account external and internal environmental factors. Purpose. The purpose of the article is to formulate theoretical and methodological foundations of the strategy of economic development of the state. Methods. The methods of system analysis and synthesis, abstract-logical, monographic, generalization, were used in the study. Results. The study of strategy as a scientific category is conducted. Theoretical, methodological and practical approaches to the study of strategy as a social phenomenon are analyzed. The development of fundamental scientific approaches to the interpretation of the concept of strategy is shown. The key tasks of the strategy are considered in determining the limits of adaptation to external factors, and the creation of a concept that is sufficiently stable and flexible to achieve the set goals, regardless of the influence of external forces. The approaches to the strategy are described as a state document that defines the targets for the future, and outlines the main directions of ensuring the vital interests of the country. The boundary is drawn between the importance of strategy for establishing laws and mechanisms of public administration, processes of development and decision making, and substantiation of methodology for setting strategic goals and objectives, choosing the tools for their implementation in accordance with the existing system of industrial relations and economic processes of the state. The necessity of setting the target criterion as a result of the objective regularities of development of the subject of the strategy, as well as the integration of the strategy and economic processes of the state to create an effective economic strategy is proved. The object and the subject of the economic strategy are defined and its purpose and goals are formulated. The mechanisms and tasks of strategy and tactics are analyzed and the essence of the state economic policy is revealed. It is shown that the directions of economic policy are closely connected with the general directions of the state policy, providing adjustment of economic strategies of the subjects of lower levels while adjusting the goals, priorities and tasks of the economic strategy of the state. Keywords: economic development, economic strategy, state economic policy.
19

Jüttner, Damir Rajkovi ', Ivanka. "Economic and Environmental Aspects of Enhanced Oil Recovery Implementation." Minerals and Energy - Raw Materials Report 16, no. 1 (March 1, 2001): 32–37. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14041040116760.

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20

STEPANENKO, Anatolii, and Alla OMELCHENKO. "THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF ECOLOGICAL MODERNIZATION OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT." Economy of Ukraine 2018, no. 1 (January 3, 2018): 40–53. http://dx.doi.org/10.15407/economyukr.2018.01.040.

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A definition of ecological modernization is given and analysis of its existing definitions is carried out. The tasks of ecological modernization, which envisage transformation of society, superindustrialization, reorientation of technologies for the restoration of ecological balance, restructuring of the economy and formation of a technological society, are outlined. The key elements of ecological modernization and its ecological imperatives are singled out. It is shown that mainly anthropocentric approaches and invariability of the priority of economic interests are traced in theoretical development of models of ecological modernization. It is highlighted that to prevent further degradation of ecosystems, a new ecocentric worldview and a high level of ecological consciousness are necessary. It is determined that the main forms of ecological modernization aimed at solving the environmental problems under conditions of limited and depleted natural resources are: environmentally directed development of industry; technological platforms of ecological development; ecologization of economic development; inplementation and development of clean production and environmental technologies. It is disclosed that in Ukraine over the past years the level of ecological modernization of the economy has increased, as evidenced by the share of capital investments in integrated technologies of the volume of capital investments for the protection and rational use of natural resources and development of the production of innovative products, including new types of machines, equipment, devices, devices. The vast majority of the integrated technology activities are not in line with the V and VI waves of innovation, not mentioning the VII, which began in highly developed countries. It is substantiated that new model of modernization of social development should include not only the change and introduction of new technologies, but also deep institutional, social and cultural transformations. It is determined that in addition to three prospects for the development of ecological modernization – eco-saving business and consumption, effective protection of the natural environment, the ecologization of society – the fourth is also possible: emancipation of nature, that is, socialization and personalization of nature. The strategic directions of ecological modernization of socio-economic development of Ukraine are proposed and its key tasks regarding the formation of a modernizing type of ecologically oriented activity of society are determined.
21

Birnie, P. W. "An EC exclusive economic zone: Marine environmental aspects." Ocean Development & International Law 23, no. 2-3 (April 1992): 193–216. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00908329209545984.

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22

Kataeva, Natalia, Alexey Sysolyatin, Oksana Feoktistova, and Darya Starkova. "The concept of sustainable development environmental aspects and project approach." E3S Web of Conferences 244 (2021): 11027. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202124411027.

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This article analyzes the environmental aspects of sustainable regional and macroeconomic development, as well as the impact of environmental factors and national environmental projects. The essence of the concept of sustainable development of economic entities in a broad sense is to ensure stable growth of indicators in the environmental, social and economic spheres in the long term. Based on the analysis of the list of indicators of sustainable development, the increasing role of the environmental component is shown. We have identified particularly acute environmental problems that hinder effective sustainable development both at the micro-level (of the organization) and at the macro-level in the whole country and the global community. Based on the calculation of the nature protection, socio-ecological and industrial-ecological indices, the consolidated environmental rating and the place of the Kirov region is determined in it. The analysis of the results of research and the opinions of the World Economic Forum experts on the problems of global threats showed the timeliness and relevance of the national project “Ecology” being implemented in Russia, as well as measures of environmental support and planned environmental projects in the Kirov region. The implementation of the planned measures will activate the catalysts of sustainable development and reduce the risks of negative impact on the environment.
23

Zubarevich, N. "Post-Crisis Development: Regional Aspects." Voprosy Ekonomiki, no. 4 (April 20, 2012): 67–83. http://dx.doi.org/10.32609/0042-8736-2012-4-67-83.

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The article deals with post-crisis development in Russian regions. Dynamics of regional output, investments and employment in 2008—2011 was determined by objective factors (economic specialization, level of development and location) and specific government policy measures. The impact of objective factors was stronger for the most regions, and competitive regions overcame the crisis easier. For a number of underdeveloped territories federal aid again turned out to be the safety cushion. Top-priority government projects played the same role for some regions. The crisis hasn't affected their development as much as it could have.
24

BAKTYMBET, Aisara S., Galiya S. UKUBASSOVA, Saule S. BAKTYMBET, Assem S. BAKTYMBET, and Aigul M. BAKIRBEKOVA. "Economic and Environmental Aspects of the Development of Renewable Energy in Kazakhstan." Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism 11, no. 5 (August 27, 2020): 1025. http://dx.doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v11.5(45).01.

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One of the key tasks for the world community is the development of energy, which is one of the fundamental components of the economy. However, one cannot deny the fact that energy is the main factor in environmental pollution, which leads to the constant search for such types of energy sources that would have a positive impact on the economic development of territories and favourably affect the environment, alternative sources to traditional ones. Currently, there is an energy transformation, the main condition of which is the development of alternative energy technologies. One of the prospects for the economic and environmental development of the territories is the efficient use of renewable energy sources, which are becoming increasingly important in the world community and the global energy balance, and are becoming a substitute resource for traditional fossil energy resources. The article aims to analyse the economic and environmental aspects of the development of renewable energy in Kazakhstan and identify the main prospects. In the framework of the study, the concept of renewable energy sources, their main types are defined, the opinion of various authors regarding the development of renewable energy sources is described, the main directions aimed at stimulating the development of renewable energy are considered. The development of renewable energy in Kazakhstan in comparison with other countries (USA, China, Germany, Russia) is considered, the main problems are identified, the prospects for the development of renewable energy are also considered. The prospects for further research are determined by the subsequent study of the development of renewable energy sources, taking into account economic and environmental aspects. The article is of practical value in the framework of generalising data on the development of renewable energy in Kazakhstan and foreign countries.
25

Zhalsaraeva, Ekaterina, and Marina Dugarzhapova. "Environmental priorities in regional spatial development." KANT 36, no. 3 (September 2020): 34–37. http://dx.doi.org/10.24923/2222-243x.2020-36.6.

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The scientific article considers the priorities and features of regional economic policy in the context of spatial development. The need to consider issues of environmental conservation and simultaneous economic development leads to the need to change the existing mechanisms for developing regional economic policy. The growth rate of the economy increases the load on the territory, leading to disruption of the functioning of natural objects. In this regard, at the regional level, it is necessary to develop an effective mechanism for strategic planning taking into account the environmental factor and change strategic plans. Therefore, the purpose of the study is to analyze the environmental aspects of regional economic policy and identify environmental priorities. Methods: the methodology used in the study includes the use of General scientific methods and techniques: methods of quantitative and qualitative analysis, scientific abstraction, analysis and synthesis, and comparison. The main results of the study are: the basic characteristics of modern problems of ecological-economic system of the Baikal region; assumptions about how to implement recommendations for improving regional economic policy in the context of spatial development.
26

Shabanova, M. "Sociostructural Aspects of Socio-Economic Development:The role of Economic approach." Voprosy Ekonomiki, no. 3 (March 20, 2014): 86–105. http://dx.doi.org/10.32609/0042-8736-2014-3-86-105.

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The author discusses the importance of studying socio-structural factors of socio-economic development through a broader application of the economic approach. The resources of status positions of economic agents are in the spotlight. A possible platform for interdisciplinary interactions is proposed which allows to increase the contribution of both economics and sociology in improving governance at all levels.
27

Steiner, Michael. "CONTRASTS IN REGIONAL POTENTIALS: SOME ASPECTS OF REGIONAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT." Papers in Regional Science 61, no. 1 (January 14, 2005): 79–92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1435-5597.1987.tb01690.x.

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28

Koshetar, Uliana, Liudmyla Orochovska, Svitlana Lytvynska, and Chrystyna Stetsyk. "Social and economic aspects of the formation of environmental consciousness." E3S Web of Conferences 244 (2021): 11033. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202124411033.

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The problem of the interaction of nature and society is ontological in nature, and identifies the direction of the existence of humanity as a single planetary system. The actualization of the concept of “world” relative to the historical process falls at the end of the 19th - beginning of the twentieth century due to the leveling of economic and cultural national characteristics, the formation of a system of labour division at the interstate level, the growth of the role of the media in intercontinental communication. In the twentieth century the existence of capitalist and quasi-socialist social and economic systems affects the development of the world community as a process due to competition and interdependence. This influenced on the directions of the implementation of the scientific and technical revolution, namely on the correlation between material overproduction and the spiritual development of a person and humanity as a whole, which in turn led to a crisis in environmental consciousness. An increase in the sphere of activity and knowledge, the formation of a new system of industrial relations, technological pollution of the environment led towards a global environmental crisis at the beginning of the 21st century. Solving the problem of ecological consciousness at the present stage has become not only the task of describing the vectors of scientific researches in the sector of societynature interaction, but is the main basis for both the development and the existence of civilization as a whole.
29

AFANASIEVA, Olga Romanovna, Lidia Vladimirovna ZARAPINA, Maria Mikhailovna MUKHLYNINA, Alla Petrovna ADAMENKO, and Sergey Aleksandrovich SHUMAKOV. "Economic and Legal Aspects of Compensation for Environmental Damage." Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism 11, no. 3 (June 11, 2020): 523. http://dx.doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v11.3(43).03.

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The article considers the economic and legal aspects of compensation for environmental damage. The variety of consequences that occur as a result of environmental offenses, the complex structure of environmental damage, and specific objects of environmental legal relations determine the necessity to apply environmental legal, as well as civil, norms to the regulation of relations on compensation for environmental damage. Interaction, convergence, and interpenetration of social relations lead to the strengthening of integration processes of their legal mediation. The necessity of complete dissociation of norms of environmental and civil legislation, especially as regards the regulation of the considered relations, can hardly be accepted. Ecologized norms appear, the inclusion of which in various normative legal acts is connected with the economic development of countries, threat of ecological crisis, complication of public relations, and the necessity to consider the laws of nature.
30

Rusastra, I. Wayan, and NFN Erwidodo. "Growth, Equity and Environmental Aspects of Agricultural Development in Indonesia." Forum penelitian Agro Ekonomi 16, no. 1 (September 7, 2016): 32. http://dx.doi.org/10.21082/fae.v16n1.1998.32-41.

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<p><strong>English</strong><br />The challenge of sustaining agricultural development consists of three complementary and synergies dimensions, i.e. maintaining economic growth, promoting equity and protecting the environment. Price support policy is essential for enhancing technological adoption, increasing output and farmer income. In addition, dynamic institutional and vision of agricultural development, efficiency improvement and technological generation played an important role in the production strategy. Off-Java wetland rice farmers have greater opportunities to gain production through enhanced technical or economic efficiency by improving their managerial skills. In contrast, for dry land rice and secondary crops' farmers, only research and technological breakthrough can solve the low productivity problems and increase farmers' income. Poverty alleviation requires comprehensive efforts that should be conducted in a simultaneous manner. However, the monetary and economic crisis recently faced by the government, provides strong reasons to focus attention on agriculture and rural development availing the best chance to stimulate sustainable growth that address food security, poverty and income distribution concerns. The government has implemented some programs dealing with sustainable agricultural development. Some of those programs were successfully implemented such as integrated pest management (IPM) and Brantas watershed resource management. On the other hand, soil conservation technologies such as alley cropping and timber-food crops farming system (TFS) have difficulties for wider implementation. To promote the implementation of those technologies, the farmer have to be facilitated with better economic environment and land ownership rights for legal certainty on cultivated land.</p><p> </p><p><strong>Indonesian</strong><br />Tantangan pembangunan pertanian berkelanjutan mencakup tiga faktor yang bersifat sinergis dan komplementer yaitu mempertahankan laju pertumbuhan, pengurangan kemiskinan dan mencegah kerusakan lingkungan. Kebijaksanaan harga yang diterapkan selama ini dinilai telah berhasil mendorong adopsi teknologi, peningkatan produksi, dan pendapatan petani. Disamping itu pengembangan kelembagaan dan visi pembangunan pertanian secara dinamis, peningkatan efisiensi dan penciptaan teknologi baru telah memainkan peranan penting dalam strategi peningkatan produksi. Bagi petani padi sawah khususnya di luar Jawa masih terbuka peluang cukup besar untuk mendapatkan tambahan produksi melalui perbaikan efisiensi usahatani dengan memperbaiki kemampuan manajemen petani. Bagi petani lahan kering dan palawija, hanya penelitian dan terobosan teknologi baru yang dapat memecahkan masalah peningkatan produksi dan pendapatan petani. Upaya pengentasan kemiskinan membutuhkan program yang komprehensif dan perlu dilaksanakan secara simultan. Namun dalam situasi krisis moneter dan mampu mempertahankan keberlanjutan pembangunan dengan sasaran utama peningkatan ketahanan pangan, pengurangan kemiskinan, dan perbaikan distribusi pendapatan. Pemerintah telah menerapkan beberapa program yang berkaitan dengan proteksi sumberdaya alam dan lingkungan&gt; Beberapa program telah berhasil dilaksanakan secara memadai seperti pemberantasan hama terpadu (PHT) dan pengelolaan daerah aliran sungai seperti Daerah Aliran Sungai (DAS) Brantas. Di lain pihak program konservasi tanah dan air seperti teknologi tanaman lorong dan sistem usahatani tumpang sari tanaman keras dan komoditas pangan menghadapi tantangan dalam pengembangannya. Dalam mendorong implementasinya di lapangan petani perlu difasilitasi dengan kredit, ketersediaan sarana produksi, penyuluhan dan pembinaan, serta kepastian hukum dalam penguasaan lahan.</p>
31

Gowdy, John M. "Economic and biological aspects of genetic diversity." Society & Natural Resources 6, no. 1 (January 1993): 1–16. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08941929309380804.

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32

Tshovrebov, Edvard, Evgeniy Velichko, Ural Niyazgulov, and Yuliya Sadchikova. "Economic aspects of management and planning of waste processing system development." E3S Web of Conferences 110 (2019): 02079. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/201911002079.

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Annually, increasing volumes of industrial and municipal waste generation and disposal, leading to increasing anthropogenic environmental and sanitary-epidemiological pressure on the environment and, as a consequence, significant environmental damage and associated economic damage to natural ecosystems, represent one of the main threats to environmental safety territories, life and health of the population. At the same time, numerous valuable components extracted from processed production and consumption wastes can be an important source of reserve for the development of industries and sectors of the economy, entrepreneurial activities in the use of secondary resources for production, services, works and energy. This factor dictates the need to search for new sound management, economic, organizational and technical approaches and solutions to lawmaking, planning and forecasting the cost-effective organization of the system of separate collection, processing, disposal, disposal of production and consumption waste, the development of an appropriate industrial, scientific and technological infrastructure, increasing the share of secondary material and energy resources extracted from waste, the development of instruments of state oh support and economic incentives for this activity.
33

Kovalenko, Vitalii, Nataliya Kovalenko, Oleksandr Labenko, Oleksandr Faichuk, and Olha Faichuk. "Bioenergy sustainable development: achieving the balance between social and economic aspects." E3S Web of Conferences 154 (2020): 07008. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202015407008.

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At the beginning of the third Millennium, humanity is forced to face a new surge of tensions and contradictions between different countries and peoples, between different parties and faiths, as well as the growth of environmental, economic and social problems both in different regions of the world and on a global scale. These phenomena are the result of the exhaustion of socio-economic forms of development of society within the existing natural resource and environmental conditions. An increasing number of people and states are experiencing an acute shortage not only in quality food, but also in quality water, clean air, energy, land, biological and other resources. After all, according to some scientists over the past hundred years, the consumption of natural resources by mankind has increased almost 100 times. For the first time in the history of mankind, resource and environmental crises have reached the biosphere borders and there is a danger to the existence of civilization. Humanity faces a global challenge, the correct solution of which will result on the lives of our descendants in the future. The common task for all is to preserve the biosphere as the habitat of mankind. Further increase of material and energy flows becomes impossible, as well as further satisfaction of the needs of new billions of people who will be added to the total population. Humanity is on the threshold of a new socio-economic formation, as neither a centrally managed economy nor a market economy has been able to solve the global environmental problems of our planet.
34

KAIDAROVA, L. K., SH ZH RAKHMETULLINA, and U. KERIMOVA. "ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION." Problems of AgriMarket 4 (December 15, 2020): 70–78. http://dx.doi.org/10.46666/2020-4-2708-9991.08.

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The theoretical and practical directions of development of ecological agriculture in the country are justified, based on the idea of closed cycle, which corresponds to ecological and economic principles. The works of domestic and foreign scientists on this issue were studied. The main economic indicators of agricultural production on the example of Pavlodar region were analyzed: dynamics of gross output of agricultural sector; the number of operating agricultural enterprises and peasant (private) farms; distribution of the land fund by land categories. Information on violation of environmental legislation in the field of land resources protection and on the volume of waste in the industry is provided. The problems that hinder the implementation of the main provisions of greening of production activities in agro-industrial complex are identified. Summarizing the arguments of domestic and foreign scientists, the need to develop and implement the mechanism of functioning of agricultural entities is shown, which is based on the use of secondary resources, implementation of which in the future will allow, using comprehensive analysis of the used technologies, to modernize the production capacities of processing enterprises, implementing the principle of minimizing waste, ensuring expansion of the market for environmenttally friendly products. Models of rational production are shown: outsourcing and in sourcing. Measures of public support for the use of environmental innovations, environmental insurance, public-private partnership instruments, strengthening control over compliance with the principles of rational environmental management, economic incentives for agricultural producers are proposed.
35

Kaidarova, L. K., SH ZH Rakhmetullina, and U. Kerimova. "ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION." Problems of AgriMarket, no. 4 (December 15, 2020): 70–78. http://dx.doi.org/10.46666/2020-4-2708-9991.08.

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The theoretical and practical directions of development of ecological agriculture in the country are justified, based on the idea of closed cycle, which corresponds to ecological and economic principles. The works of domestic and foreign scientists on this issue were studied. The main economic indicators of agricultural production on the example of Pavlodar region were analyzed: dynamics of gross output of agricultural sector; the number of operating agricultural enterprises and peasant (private) farms; distribution of the land fund by land categories. Information on violation of environmental legislation in the field of land resources protection and on the volume of waste in the industry is provided. The problems that hinder the implementation of the main provisions of greening of production activities in agro-industrial complex are identified. Summarizing the arguments of domestic and foreign scientists, the need to develop and implement the mechanism of functioning of agricultural entities is shown, which is based on the use of secondary resources, implementation of which in the future will allow, using comprehensive analysis of the used technologies, to modernize the production capacities of processing enterprises, implementing the principle of minimizing waste, ensuring expansion of the market for environmenttally friendly products. Models of rational production are shown: outsourcing and in sourcing. Measures of public support for the use of environmental innovations, environmental insurance, public-private partnership instruments, strengthening control over compliance with the principles of rational environmental management, economic incentives for agricultural producers are proposed.
36

Banks, Ferdinand E. "Some aspects of natural gas and economic development – a short note." OPEC Review 16, no. 2 (June 1992): 235–40. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0076.1992.tb00430.x.

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37

Issever Grochová, Ladislava. "Regulatory Quality and Sustainable Economic Development." Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis 62, no. 6 (2014): 1301–8. http://dx.doi.org/10.11118/actaun201462061301.

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Recently, an importance of often contradictory relationship between the environmental quality and economic performance has been discussed both at economic and political level. Whereas the quality of environment is an essential condition to simply survive and can be considered as one of consumers’ goals, economic performance seems to be a primary goal of the majority of firms and consequently of the whole economies. The cohesion of both aspects then seems to be inevitable. However, necessary protection of environment can be reinforced only in presence of correct, enforceable institutions and sufficient wealth that shift preferences towards clean environment. The study is dedicated to the assessment of the relationship among institutional context, environmental quality and degree of economic development using panel vector autoregressive techniques for the sample of 166 countries. It is aimed to show, how the environment can be conserved taking satisfactory living conditions into account. The study demonstrates that more efficient institutional setting leads to a situation, in which environmental quality improves together with economic development.
38

Babenko, Vitalina, Larysa Zomchak, and Maryna Nehrey. "Ecological and economic aspects of sustainable development of Ukrainian regions." E3S Web of Conferences 280 (2021): 02003. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202128002003.

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The need for sustainable development of Ukrainian regions is due to the global threat of environmental degradation, the unstable situation in the world economy, low socio-economic indicators of the country and weak innovation activity. An important factor that has an influence on the economic development of regions is the ecological state of the environment. It plays one of the most important roles in the conducting of economic activities that require the use of natural resources. According to the results of the investigation, four clusters were formed. Cluster analysis made it possible to conduct a general assessment of the state of the regions of Ukraine, to form groups by similarity and to draw sound conclusions about the existence of similarities in the economy. The formation of clusters and the development of sustainable development policies for individual clusters, which should have significant differences, taking into account their specifics, will contribute to the more effective achievement of sustainable development goals.
39

Rasburskis, Nerijus, Juozas Gudzinskas, and Jonas Gylys. "COMBINED HEAT AND POWER PRODUCTION: SOCIO‐ECONOMIC AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ASPECTS." JOURNAL OF CIVIL ENGINEERING AND MANAGEMENT 12, no. 1 (March 31, 2006): 29–36. http://dx.doi.org/10.3846/13923730.2006.9636369.

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The paper is based on the study of Lithuania facing the need for huge investments in both the replacement of the Ignalina nuclear power station and the replacement of district heating production units in many of the existing systems. Lithuania has a big technical potential for implementing small‐scale combined heat and power production (CHP) systems. Meanwhile, such implementation needs public regulation to become feasible not only from a socio‐economic, but also from a business economic point of view. The study focuses upon the analysis of methods for the incorporation of technical, economical and environmental considerations into large‐scale investment decision‐making in the energy sector. The research study could be a guideline for determination of national potential for high efficiency CHP not only from the technical, but both the economical and the environmental point of view. Based upon the results of the study investigation and analysis, areas for improvement in current energy sector investment decision-making processes are highlighted, and areas for further research are recommended.
40

Wegner-Kozlova, Ekaterina, and Olga Guman. "Theoretical and methodological aspects of the eco-industrial space development." Journal of New Economy 21, no. 4 (January 12, 2021): 28–44. http://dx.doi.org/10.29141/2658-5081-2020-21-4-2.

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Contemporary society is challenged by the issue of meeting seemingly contradictory needs: achieving economic well-being and ensuring environmental security. On the one hand, rising levels of environmental pollution increasingly threaten systems of life support. On the other hand, economic difficulties cause the growing financial instability. Accordingly, there is a need to move towards a more sustainable environmental and economic system, which requires additional research in this field. The paper focuses on the circular economy as a tool for creating the eco-industrial space to attain sustainable development goals based on the principles of market organisation and long-standing social and economic relations. Methodologically, the research relies on the theory of circular economy and the theory of social space. Research methods include deduction and induction, analysis and synthesis, statistical, comparative, causal, and factor analysis, historical method, which allows taking in account historical, social and cultural peculiarities of the economy, as well as other general theoretical methods. As a result of the research, the authors (1) identify eco-industrial subspace within the social space, which enables clarifying the specifics of the interaction between actors of the social space interested in meeting the needs of both economic development and ecosystem sustainability; (2) develop a system for assessing the circular economy from the viewpoint of eco-industrial interaction. The scientific value of the research findings consists in elaborating on the ecological aspect of industrial regions’ functioning. The circular economy can potentially contribute to the energy efficiency, reduce environmental pollution, and create efficient ways of producing and consuming. The suggested system for assessing the circular economy allows detecting the dynamics of the negative pressure on the ecosystem, which enables the government authorities to purposefully green the industrial development.
41

ARTEMOVA, Elena, Elena UDOVIK, Nadezhda SUKHINA, Anna PETROVSKAYA, Olga ANICHKINA, and Taisiya RYABOVA. "Financial Aspects of Solving Environmental Problems in a "Green" Growth." Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism 10, no. 3 (July 17, 2019): 515. http://dx.doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v10.3(35).06.

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The article discusses the financial aspects of solving environmental problems in a "green" growth. The possibilities of saving natural resources make it necessary to develop and conduct an effective technological policy in the economy, which in turn should be manifested in the practical implementation of scientific and technological progress in the field of products, technologies and services. A state with environmentally sustainable and balanced economic reforms and creating an economic environment at the macro level can facilitate and accelerate the transition to a green economy. Numerous local, global economic crises of the last decade indicate the instability of the existing world economic structure. The world community continues to discuss the issue of building a new model of the economic system, which is called the "green" economy. Sufficiently strong inflow of investments along with the rapid pace of development of the "green" economy, gave rise to the bold expectations of the prevailing part of politicians and analysts in strong economic growth in the coming decades.
42

Friesz, Terry L., Philip A. Viton, and Roger L. Tobin. "ECONOMIC AND COMPUTATIONAL ASPECTS OF FREIGHT NETWORK EQUILIBRIUM MODELS: A SYNTHESIS*." Journal of Regional Science 25, no. 1 (February 1985): 29–49. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9787.1985.tb00292.x.

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43

Gudmanian, Artur, Sergiy Yahodzinskyi, Uliana Koshetar, and Liudmyla Orochovska. "Social and economic aspects of environmental problems in the globalized world." E3S Web of Conferences 164 (2020): 11019. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/e3sconf/202016411019.

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Globalization is the phenomenon that has made quite a loud statement about itself during the last decades of the 20th century and found its representation in the formation of global economic, financial, cultural, legal, and political areas. Having been the conglomerate of various national states for thousands of years, the world’s social, economic, ecological, cultural space is now transforming into space without borders. The formation of global economic relations, ecological, demographic challenges can’t be solved individually, with local measures and means. In the second half of the 20th century, the world faced global problems and crises (ecological, demographic, reorganization of the economic and political world order), which have become the challenges that can’t be solved with the help of local actions. The global community is forced to raise issues about the ecologization of the entire industrial activity taking into account its consequences at all levels: local, national, and international. That’s what common threats and problems require. The sustainable development paradigm requires both reviewing and changing the “human-nature” system and realizing the necessity of preserving nature for ensuring the existence of the next generations. Sustainable development is to provide the transfer to a new economic type – the green economy, which requires significant investments, particularly in the renewable-energy industry, industrial waste treatment, restoration of soil fertility, preservation of forests.
44

Adamowicz, Magdalena, and Jakub Puszkarski. "Legal aspects of sustainable development of seaports in Poland." SHS Web of Conferences 57 (2018): 01001. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/shsconf/20185701001.

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Sea ports are the driving force behind economic development. If ports operate efficiently and in conditions that support growth, the entire national economy gains. However, ports facing barriers and a scarcity of favourable factors have a negative impact on a country’s economy. In terms of sustainable development, it does not suffice to increase the economic potential of ports; it is also necessary to strive for balance between social and environmental interests, so that the sea may provide for everyone, including the future generations. It is important to enable ports to operate in such a way as not to stunt their competitiveness but to allow for development without disrupting the social and economic balance. The aim of this article is to investigate whether the existing legal instruments in the field of sustainable development of ports match the specific profile of ports as entities and whether the assumptions for sustainable development work well in practice. The article contains an analysis and assessment of legal regulations concerning sustainable development of sea ports. Selected legal instruments with direct or indirect impact on the formation of the sustainable development policy for Polish sea ports have been analysed at the global, European and national levels. Reference has been made to regulations related both to hard law and soft law. The article draws special attention to a balance between social, economic and environmental interests as a foundation for sustainable development.
45

Graboviy, Petr. "Environmental aspects of substantiation of the production decision efficiency." MATEC Web of Conferences 193 (2018): 05017. http://dx.doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201819305017.

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The current scale of industrial production is characterized by the intensive use of natural resources and the growth of waste pollution of the environment. A long-term program is needed to implement targeted measures to coordinate the prospects for the development of national economy and nature protection. Its implementation requires significant capital investment. To increase the efficiency of their use, a scientifically sound methodology for the economic evaluation of the most important types of natural resources and measures to protect the environment is necessary. In recent years, much attention has been paid to the development of such a methodology. Its most important task is to articulate and agree on a single theoretical basis the calculations of the economic efficiency of production decisions with the requirements for the protection of the natural environment. This chapter is devoted to the coverage of these issues.
46

Svatoš, M. "Specific aspects of globalization." Agricultural Economics (Zemědělská ekonomika) 53, No. 2 (January 7, 2008): 65–68. http://dx.doi.org/10.17221/1423-agricecon.

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The decisive role of globalization processes and development tendencies has many positive and negative effects in economic (foreign-trade), environmental, and (bio) technological areas. From the evolution point of view still very successful human adaptation strategy hit the basic limit given by the capacity of the Earth biosphere. The evolution determinants of human society and their economic or technological activities manifesting themselves by global problems can find way out of sustainable development. The application of the so-called preventive principle represents a great dilemma.
47

Vyakina, I. V. "Social and environmental aspects of economic security as part of the sustainable development concept." National Interests: Priorities and Security 14, no. 12 (December 14, 2018): 2259–76. http://dx.doi.org/10.24891/ni.14.12.2259.

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48

Shahid, Muhammad Kashif, Ayesha Batool, Ayesha Kashif, Muhammad Haq Nawaz, Muhammad Aslam, Nafees Iqbal, and Younggyun Choi. "Biofuels and biorefineries: Development, application and future perspectives emphasizing the environmental and economic aspects." Journal of Environmental Management 297 (November 2021): 113268. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.113268.

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49

Adams, Charles E., and Jan A. Berg‐Andreassen. "Enviro‐economic aspects of navigation channel development in coastal Louisiana: A case study." Coastal Management 17, no. 2 (January 1989): 157–70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08920758909362082.

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50

Braun, Boris, Jürgen Oßenbrügge, and Christian Schulz. "Environmental economic geography and environmental inequality: challenges and new research prospects." Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsgeographie 62, no. 2 (May 25, 2018): 120–34. http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/zfw-2018-0001.

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Abstract The environmental dimension and sustainability-related issues have increasingly gained momentum in Economic Geography. This paper argues that integrating the inequality perspective into Environmental Economic Geography (EEG) and trying to disentangle the manifold interrelationships between economic, social, and environmental disadvantage could be worthwhile efforts. Based on three case studies – the debate on urban environmental justice in German cities, the spread of alternative food systems and food-sharing initiatives in Germany, and the socially selective migration in hazard prone areas in rural coastal Bangladesh – we demonstrate that aspects of social inequality indeed matter for EEG thinking.

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