Journal article: how to cite in IEEE Style?

Cita una fonte nel formato IEEE in modo facile e corretto

Scegli il tipo di fonte:

General rules

To cite an article from a scholarly journal in IEEE Style, use the following basic reference template:

Author(s), “Article title,” Journal Titlevolumeissue, p(p). pagesmonth year.


  • If the volume or issue numbers are missing, omit the corresponding elements from the bibliographic reference.
  • If the month of publication is missing, omit this element.
  • The title of the journal should be given in the abbreviated form.

For the specifics of giving authors’ names in IEEE references, see this article.

For a journal article accessed online, add the Internet source details to the reference. If the source also has a DOI, it should be given after the year of publication in the alphanumeric form:

Author(s), “Article title,” Journal Titlevolumeissue, p(p). pagesmonth year, doi: DOI. Accessed: date. [Online]. Available: URL


  • Do not put a full stop after the URL element.
  • Put a full stop after the DOI element.

As the IEEE Manual contains examples with different references with URLs/DOIs, the recommendations of universities may offer different reference templates: with or without the date of access, with the DOI as a hyperlink, etc.

Examples of references

M. Gutierrez, R. Ditto, and S. Roy, “Systematic review of operative outcomes of robotic surgical procedures performed with endoscopic linear staplers or robotic staplers,” J. Robotic Surgery, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 9–21, May 2018, doi: 10.1007/s11701-018-0822-5. Accessed: Mar. 16, 2021. [Online]. Available:

A. Mukherjee, P. Bruijnincx, and M. Junginger, “Techno-economic competitiveness of renewable fuel alternatives in the marine sector,” Renewable Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 174, Mar. 2023, Art. no. 113127, doi: 10.1016/j.rser.2022.113127. Accessed: Feb. 21, 2023. [Online]. Available:

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