CEUR-WS reference generator

Create a spot-on reference in CEUR-WS

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What is CEUR-WS?

CEUR-WS, or CEUR Workshop Proceedings, is a service for free publication of scientific conference proceedings online and providing open access to them. The service is popular among scientists from different countries and regularly publishes conference papers in the field of computer and other sciences.

In order to publish one's own work on the CEUR-WS website, the author must adhere to the defined standards, including correctly compiling the bibliography to the paper and formatting it according to the official requirements of the online publisher.

Having familiarized ourselves with examples of bibliographic references for the CEUR-WS style, we determined their structure, main elements and characteristics that distinguish this style from others, and created algorithms for automatic generation of bibliographic references according to the CEUR-WS style on the Grafiati site.

Structure of bibliographic references according to CEUR-WS

The main elements of a CEUR-WS citation, as in any other citation style, are the author of the source, its title, and the year of publication. Depending on the source, its type (for example, if it is a video, patent or disc), place of publication, volume or issue number, pages, etc. can be specified. For online sources, you must specify the URL or DOI, or give the name of the database that contains the source. Some distinguishing characteristics of CEUR-WS references include:

  • The title of the source is not visually highlighted in any way (no italics, bold, quotation marks, etc.).
  • The main punctuation mark that separates different elements of a reference is a comma. The use of the dot is limited and is used only in some places.
  • Although a URL is required for online documents, the access date is not included in the citation.
  • The date of publication is not indicated in full, but only the year is given.

Some examples of bibliographic references inthe CEUR-WS format:


T. D. Märk, G. H. Dunn (Eds.), Electron impact ionization, Springer, Vienna, 1985.

Journal article:

R. Narayan, E. Quataert, Black holes up close, Nature 615 (2023) 597–604. doi:10.1038/s41586-023-05768-4.

YouTube video:

SpaceX, Starship Flight Test, Video, 2023. URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-1wcilQ58hI.


H. M. Salim, Cyber safety: A systems thinking and systems theory approach to managing cyber security risks, Thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014. URL: http://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/90804.

CEUR-WS online generator: how to quickly create a reference with Grafiati

The quickest way to get started working with the CEUR-WS citation style is to click on the type of source you need in the special widget at the top of this page. Next, enter the source metadata or search in the Grafiati catalogues, and an automatically generated bibliographic reference will be added to your bibliography on the website in accordance with all the style’s rules.

If you already have a bibliography on Grafiati, all you have to do is choose a different citation style on the main page of the site.

You can create a CEUR-WS style works cited list for free with all the benefits of Grafiati's quality citation, or upgrade to a premium plan to unlock the unlimited possibilities of the site.

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