DGPs (5th ed.) reference generator: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychologie – Richtlinien zur Manuskriptgestaltung (5. Aufl.)

Create a spot-on reference in DGPs

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What is DGPs Style?

The acronym DGPs stands for Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychologie (German Society for Psychology), the German association dealing with scientific research and education in the field of psychology.

The organisation has adopted it proper standards for the preparation of manuscripts – Richtlinien zur Manuskriptgestaltung. These guidelines describe the rules which the authors should follow when writing their research papers, including in terms of bibliographic references and in-text citations.

The name DGPs Style denotes the referencing style adopted by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychologie. To date, the latest edition of DGPs Style is the 5th ed. published in 2019.

What are the specifics of DGPs Style (5th ed.)?

The manual Richtlinien zur Manuskriptgestaltung (5. Aufl.) by Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychologie is largely based on the APA Manual of Style (6th ed.) and follows the rules for references and in-text citations developed by the American Psychological Association.

In general, DGPs Style can be viewed as a German adaptation of APA Style. However, it has a few considerable discrepancies, namely in terms of the number of authors included in a bibliographic reference, use of punctuation, presentation of DOIs and other details for online sources, and so on.

Examples of references in accordance with the rules of Deutsche Gesellschaft für PsychologieRichtlinien zur Manuskriptgestaltung (5. Aufl.)

Here are several examples of bibliographic references in DGPs Style (note that the references are in German, but you can still create your bibliographies in other languages as well):


Klußmann, R., Mertens, W. & Schwarz, F. (Hrsg.). (2013). Aktuelle Themen der Psychoanalyse. Berlin: Springer-Verlag.


Umbach, N. R. (2021). Retrospektive Analyse von Stentimplantationen bei angeborenen Herzfehlern am Inselspital (Dissertation, Universität Bern). Verfügbar unter https://ubbern.swisscovery.slsp.ch/permalink/41SLSP_UBE/99pfpl/alma99117251927105511

Journal article:

Plötner, M., Rudolph, A., Exner, C. & Marwitz, M. (2023). Selbstreflexion als neues Element der Lehre in den Masterstudiengängen zur Approbation in Psychotherapie. Psychologische Rundschau74, 125–127. https://doi.org/10.1026/0033-3042/a000621


Gorecki, W. (2016, 21. November). Was? und Warum?, die wichtigsten Fragen deines Lebens. Verfügbar unter https://medium.com/@newmetl/was-und-warum-die-wichtigsten-fragen-deines-lebens-195626deb589#.9sx397kqk

Automated DGPs citation generator by Grafiati: generate correct bibliographic references in DGPs Style

In order to simplify the process of compiling lists of references in accordance with the requirements of Deutsche Gesellschaft für PsychologieRichtlinien zur Manuskriptgestaltung (5. Aufl.), Grafiati has developed its DGPs reference generator.

The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychologie citation generator is a new online tool aimed at delivering top-quality bibliographic references and in-text citations in compliance with the provisions of DGPs style. In contrast to the other DGPs style generators (e.g. Citethisforme, Zotero, etc.) that contain multiple errors (incorrect abbreviations, wrong online details, and so on), Grafiati uses custom algorithms designed in a way to meet all the requirements of Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychologie.

To start creating your DGPs references with our Deutsche Gesellschaft für Psychologie generator, use the widget on the top of this page and select the source type you would like to cite.

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