What is Chicago Style (17th ed.)?

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The Chicago Manual of Style (commonly referred to as CMoS, CMS) is a manual of academic writing published by the University of Chicago. To date, there have been seventeen editions of CMoS, with the most recent one published in 2017. This latest edition is the one used in the online bibliographic manager Grafiati.

The manual provides recommendations as regards grammar, punctuation, correct usage of terms and proper names, etc. Moreover, it describes the rules of creating bibliographic references under two systems: notes and bibliography (also known as Chicago A) and author-date (Chicago B).

A characteristic trait of The Chicago Manual of Style is its completeness and the availability of answers to almost any question an author of a scientific paper might have. Compared to many other international citation styles, Chicago Style adopts modern and up-to-date approaches. Thus, the authors of CMoS recommend explicitly to use automatic bibliographic managers and reference generators: even if such tools do not guarantee 100% correct results in terms of the requirements of the citation style, they still allow indicating all the required information to identify a source and guarantee the uniformity of bibliographic references and citations in a scholarly paper.

Our website allows automatically creating lists of references according to both systems of The Chicago Manual of Style within a user-friendly online interface.

In addition, we also support the latest editions of a wide range of other international and national citation styles, namely APA, MLA, Harvard, ISO 690:2010, and many more.

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