Journal article: how to cite in Chicago Style – notes and bibliography (17th ed.)?

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General rules

In Chicago – notes and bibliography (17th ed.), the following templates should be used for citing articles published in scholarly journals:

Reference in a bibliography:

Author. "Article Title." Journal Title volume, no. issue (month year): pages. DOI / URL.

Full note:

Author, "Article Title ," Journal Title volume, no. issue (month year): number of the cited page, DOI / URL.

Short note:

Author, "Article Title," number of the cited page.

Please bear in mind that, in contrast to some other citation styles, The Chicago Manual of Style requires indicating a DOI as a full hyperlink and not in its pure alphanumeric form.

The web service Grafiati has everything you need to cite articles from scientific journals, including both vast catalogues with millions of articles from around the world and handy fields for adding references. In addition, our website allows referencing correctly articles from online scholarly journals published with special article identifiers – the so-called eLocators.

If a journal's title starts with 'The', this element is omitted in the reference: The Geographical JournalGeographical Journal.

If you wish citing a magazine article in your list of references, we recommend using the form for adding newspaper article references, as they are quite similar under Chicago Style.

Examples of references in a bibliography

Esher, Louise. "Autonomous Morphology and Extramorphological Coherence." Morphology 24, no. 4 (2014): 325–50.

Booker, M. Keith. "The Rats of God: Pynchon, Joyce, Beckett, and the Carnivalization of Religion." Pynchon Notes, no. 24–25 (1989): 21–30.

Examples of notes

1. Louise Esher, "Autonomous Morphology and Extramorphological Coherence," Morphology 24, no. 4 (2014): 340,

2. M. Keith Booker, "The Rats of God: Pynchon, Joyce, Beckett, and the Carnivalization of Religion," Pynchon Notes, no. 24-25 (1989): 27,

3. Esher, "Autonomous Morphology," 341.

4. Booker, "Rats of God," 27.

Other citation styles: