What is Vancouver Style?

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Vancouver Style is one of the international styles of bibliographic referencing. The Vancouver system is used widely in medicine, biological and physical sciences.

A characteristic trait of Vancouver Style is the requirement to arrange the references in a bibliography in the order in which they appear in the text. At the same time, an in-text citation is the number corresponding to the respective number of the source in the list of references, which means that numbers are used instead of the names of authors or dates. This system is commonly referred to as the ‘author-sequence’ or ‘author-number’ system.

The rules of Vancouver Style are presented in the manual Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers by the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM). Citing Medicine provides a detailed overview of the Vancouver referencing principles for different types of sources; however, the manual omits the rules for in-text citations, which leads to variations among journals, universities, etc. (see more in the article on the in-text citations in Vancouver).

The web service Grafiati generates the Vancouver Style references in accordance with the latest recommendations of the official publication of Citing Medicine and ensures the highest accuracy and precision of your bibliographic entries. In addition, you can easily convert your Vancouver references into other citation styles such as APA, MLA, Harvard, Chicago, ISO 690:2010, IEEE, and more.

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