Examples of bibliographic references in Chicago Style – notes and bibliography (17th ed.)

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This article presents examples of bibliographic references for all types of sources available on the web service Grafiati. For more information on the rules of The Chicago Manual of Style for every particular type of source, please see the following articles:

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Examples of references in a bibliography according to Chicago Style – notes and bibliography (17th ed.)


Book with one author

Gregory, Howard. Semantics. London: Routledge, 2000.

Book with several authors (from 2 to 10)

Willink, Jocko, and Leif Babin. Extreme Ownership: How U.S. Navy SEALs Lead and Win. New York: Macmillan, 2019.

Book witout an author (with an editor, etc.)

Sowers, Wesley, and Jules M. Ranz, eds. Seeking Value: Balancing Cost and Quality in Psychiatric Care. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association, 2020.

Volume (part of a multivolume edition)

Bauer, Susan Wise. The Story of the World: History for the Classical Child. Vol. 3, Early Modern Times: From Elizabeth the First to the Forty-Niners. 2nd ed. Charles City, VA: The Well-Trained Mind, 2020.

Barber, Barbara, ed. Solos for Young Violinists. Vol. 2. Miami: Summy-Birchard Music, 1997.

Chapter in an edited book

Akaogi, M. "Phase Transitions of Minerals in the Transition Zone and Upper Part of the Lower Mantle." In Advances in High-Pressure Mineralogy, edited by Eiji Ohtani, 1–13. Boulder: Geological Society of America, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1130/2007.2421(01).

Article (publication) in a periodical

Journal article

Shaw, Christopher L. "Green Taxes, Blue Taxes." Natural Resources Forum 15, no. 2 (1991): 123–31. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-8947.1991.tb00123.x.

Newspaper article

Neate, Rupert. "Pinterest Agrees to Pay Record $20m to Settle Gender Discrimination Case." Guardian, 16 December 2020.

Website (webpage)

Bray, Catherine. "Xanadu: Rethinking a Misunderstood Masterpiece." BBC Culture, 23 December 2020. https://www.bbc.com/culture/article/20201214-xanadu-rethinking-a-misunderstood-masterpiece.

Dissertation, thesis

Bishop, James. "Development and Optimisation of Efficient Spray-Coated Perovskite Solar Cells." PhD thesis, University of Sheffield, 2019. http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/25186/.

Conference materials

Conference paper

Cattaneo, A. S., and M. Zambon. "Graded Geometry and Poisson Reduction." In Special Metrics and Supersymmetry: Workshop on Geometry and Physics, edited by L. C. de Andrés, 48–56. Melville, NY: American Institute of Physics, 2008.

Law, act

Northern Ireland. Assembly. Private Tenancies (Coronavirus Modifications) Act (Northern Ireland) 2020. Adopted 4 May 2020. https://www.legislation.gov.uk/nia/2020/2/contents.

U.S. Congress. House. Making Emergency Supplemental Appropriations for the Fiscal Year Ending September 30, 2020, and for Other Purposes (The Heroes Act). HR 6800, 116th Cong., 2nd sess. Introduced in House 5 December 2020. https://www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/6800/text.


Khan, Sania. "Analysis of Organizational Factors Affecting Employee Innovation." Preprint, submitted in 2020. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202012.0008.v1.


Angelini, Marco, Matteo Carnevale, Massimiliano Daniele, Deepak Gupta, Mauro Mancini, and Vaclav Petracek. Fluid Delivery System for a Front-Load Washing Appliance for Delivering Fluid to Lifters of the Drum. U.S. Patent US20200378050A1, filed 6 May 2020, and issued 3 December 2020. https://patents.google.com/patent/US20200378050A1.


United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. Trade and Development Report 2020: From Global Pandemic to Prosperity for All; Avoiding Another Lost Decade. Geneva: UNITED NATIONS, 2020. https://unctad.org/system/files/official-document/tdr2020_en.pdf.


International Organization for Standardization. Guidelines for Auditing Management Systems. ISO 19011:2018. Geneva: ISO, 2018.

Archival document

Restored Patent Drawings, 1837 – 1847. National Archives at College Park, College Park, MD.

The rest of the information pertaining to the source is given in a note:

1. Orpheus Thompson, patent drawing for an inclined water wheel, 6 December 1828, 5294X, Restored Patent Drawings, 1837 - 1847, National Archives at College Park, College Park, MD, https://catalog.archives.gov/id/158587414.

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