Examples of references in works cited in MLA (8th ed.)

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Examples of bibliographic references in works cited with MLA (8th ed.)

Below, examples of bibliographic references are provided for different types of sources in accordance with the requirements of MLA Style (8th ed.).


Book with one author

Shakespeare, William. As You Like It. Edited by Juliet Dusinberre, Arden Shakespeare, 2006.

Brown, Dan. The Da Vinci Code. Corgi, 2006.

Twain, Mark. Fenimore Cooper's Literary Offenses. Project Gutenberg, 2008.

Book with two authors

Antony, Robert J., and Angela Schottenhammer. Beyond the Silk Roads: New Discourses on China’s Role in East Asian Maritime History. Otto Harassowitz, 2017.

Tromans, Stephen, and Robert Turrall-Clarke. Contaminated Land. Sweet & Maxwell, 1999.

Hardy, Stephen T., and R. V. Upex. Employment Law for Business Students. SAGE, 2006.

Book with three or more authors

Roberts, J. Murray, et al. Cold-Water Corals. Cambridge UP, 2009.

McConnell, Michael W., et al. Christian Perspectives on Legal Thought. Yale UP, 2001.

Remy, Nicolas, et al. Applied Geostatistics with SGeMS. Cambridge UP, 2009.

Book with no author (with an editor, etc.)

Lynn, John, and Stephen Robert Bloom, editors. Surgical Endocrinology. Butterworth-Heinemann, 1993.

Das Nibelungenlied: Song of the Nibelungs. Translated by Burton Raffel, Yale UP, 2008.

Volume (part of a multivolume edition)

Ellingson, Steven. Electromagnetics. Vol. 2, Virginia Tech Publishing, 2020.

Martin, George R. R. A Clash of Kings. Bantam, 2000.

Chapter in an edited book

Green, Stephen A., and Sidney Bloch. "The Ethical Dimension in Psychiatry." Psychiatry: Past, Present, and Prospect, edited by Sidney Bloch et al., Oxford UP, 2014, pp. 154-79, books.google.com/books?id=pDVjAwAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&hl=uk#v=onepage&q&f=false. Accessed 11 Aug. 2020.

Dickson, David, and Owen Hargie. "Questioning." The Handbook of Communication Skills, edited by Owen Hargie, 3rd ed., Routledge, 2006, pp. 121-47, books.google.com/books?id=azlL5W4EJrwC&printsec=frontcover&hl=uk#v=onepage&q&f=false. Accessed 15 June 2020.

Article (publication) in a periodical

Journal article

Kevin Brown. “The Psychiatrists Were Right: Anomic Alienation in Kurt Vonnegut’s ‘Slaughterhouse-Five.’” South Central Review, vol. 28, no. 2, 2011, pp. 101-09, doi:10.1353/scr.2011.0022.

Robinson, Bruce W. S., and Richard A. Lake. “Immunotherapy and Chemotherapy — a Practical Partnership.” Nature Reviews Cancer, vol. 5, no. 5, 2005, pp. 397-405, doi:10.1038/nrc1613.

Martella, V., et al. “Zoonotic Aspects of Rotaviruses.” Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 140, no. 3-4, 2010, pp. 246-55, doi:10.1016/j.vetmic.2009.08.028.

Newspaper article

Marimow, Ann E., and Spencer S. Hsu. "Court Affirms House Suit for McGahn Testimony." The Washington Post, 8 Aug. 2020, p. A2.

Barkham, Patrick. "High Hopes as Red Kite's Revival Boosts Other Reintroduction Efforts in England." The Guardian, 20 July 2020, p. 3.


"Teachers Set for Biggest Pay Rise in Fifteen Years." GOV.UK, 21 July 2020, www.gov.uk/government/news/teachers-set-for-biggest-pay-rise-in-fifteen-years. Accessed 11 Aug. 2020.

Gartenberg, Chaim. "Cyberpunk 2077 Gets Delayed Again, Will Now Be Released on November 19th." The Verge, 18 June 2020, www.theverge.com/2020/6/18/21295705/cyberpunk-2077-delayed-again-release-date-november-19th-bug-fixes-balance-cd-projekt-red. Accessed 11 Aug. 2020.

@RoyalFamily. "The Princess Royal made her debut as a flat race jockey in 1985 at Epsom Racecourse, competing in the Farriers Invitation Private Sweepstakes, riding on ‘Against The Grain’." Twitter, 11 Aug. 2020, twitter.com/RoyalFamily/status/1293106674287489024. Accessed 11 Aug. 2020.

Dissertation, thesis

Maring, J. A. Cellular Communication in Cardiac Regeneration. 2019. Leiden University, doctoral thesis. Leiden University Repository, openaccess.leidenuniv.nl/handle/1887/73912. Accessed 11 Aug. 2020.

Parr, Thomas. The Computational Neurology of Active Vision. 2019. University College London, doctoral thesis. UCL Discovery, discovery.ucl.ac.uk/id/eprint/10084391. Accessed 11 Aug. 2020.

Conference materials

Conference paper

Cattuto, Ciro, et al. "Semiotic Dynamics and Collaborative Tagging." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - PNAS, United States National Academy of Sciences, 2007, pp. 1461-64.

Wu, Joey. "Online Collaborative Learning of a Mixed Team: A Case Study of Hotel and Tourism Students from Varied Education Backgrounds." Proceedings of the 2019 3rd International Conference on Education and Multimedia Technology, Association for Computing Machinery, 2019, pp. 12-17.

Roberts, Paul, and Michael Smith. "Make Them Laugh, Make Them Cry: Reimaging the Initial Assessment Process of GCSE English." EAPRIL 2014 Conference Proceedings, 2015, pp. 118-34, eapril.org/sites/default/files/2017-03/eapril-2014-proceedings.pdf. Accessed 11 Aug. 2020.

Law, act

United States, Congress, House. COVID-19 Hate Crimes Act. Congress.gov, www.congress.gov/bill/116th-congress/house-bill/6721/text. 116th Congress, 2nd session, House Resolution 6721, Introduced 5 May 2020.

Scottish Parliament. Domestic Abuse (Scotland) Act. No. 2018 asp 5, 9 Mar. 2018, www.legislation.gov.uk/asp/2018/5/introduction. Accessed 12 Aug. 2020.

European Union. Decision (EU) 2020/701 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 May 2020 on Providing Macro‐Financial Assistance to Enlargement and Neighbourhood Partners in the Context of the COVID‐19 Pandemic. OJ, L 165, 27 May 2020, pp. 31-37.


Bingchun, Liu, et al. "Regional Collaborative Forecast of Primary Energy Consumption in China, Japan and South Korea Based on Multi-Source Data Combination." Preprints, 2020, www.preprints.org/manuscript/202008.0277/v1. Accessed 12 Aug. 2020. Preprint.

Meir, Michal, and Daniel Barkan. "Experimental Therapies of Mycobacterium Abscessus Infections." Preprints, 2020, www.preprints.org/manuscript/202008.0273/v1. Accessed 12 Aug. 2020. Preprint.

Tscheuschner, Georg, et al. "Fast Confirmation of Antibody Identity by MALDI-TOF-MS Fingerprints." Preprints, 2020, www.preprints.org/manuscript/202002.0207/v1. Accessed 15 June 2020. Preprint.


KMW INC. Cathode for Thin Film Microbattery. US 20180331329 A1, United States Patent and Trademark Office, 15 Nov. 2018, patft.uspto.gov/netacgi/nph-Parser?Sect1=PTO2&Sect2=HITOFF&p=1&u=%2Fnetahtml%2FPTO%2Fsearch-bool.html&r=25&f=G&l=50&co1=AND&d=PTXT&s1=paste&OS=paste&RS=paste. Accessed 16 June 2020.

Fresh Idea Global Ltd. Table Games Using Portable Devices. US10013847B2, United States Patent and Trademark Office, 3 July 2018, patents.google.com/patent/US10013847B2. Accessed 12 Aug. 2020.

SPI Lasers Uk Ltd. Multi-Fibre Arrangement for High Power Fibre Lasers and Amplifiers. US8743454B2, United States Patent and Trademark Office, 3 June 2014, patents.google.com/patent/US8743454B2. Accessed 12 Aug. 2020.


Space Systems — Space Debris Mitigation Requirements. ISO 24113:2019, International Organization for Standardization, 2019.

Program for Testing Radiation Shields in Light Water Reactors (LWR). ANSI/ANS-6.3.1-1987 (R2015), American Nuclear Society, 2020.

Standard Specification for Steel Castings, Iron-Chromium and Iron-Chromium-Nickel, Heat Resistant, for General Application. ASTM A297/A297M-20, ASTM International, 2020.

Archival document

Lincoln, Abraham. First Inaugural Address. Mar. 1861. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C., Abraham Lincoln Papers, www.loc.gov/resource/mal.0773800/?sp=12. Accessed 15 June 2020.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Exercising in a Pool at Warm Springs. 1928. Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, Hyde Park, NY, Franklin D. Roosevelt Library Photographs, 1870 - 2004, NPx 76-70(30), catalog.archives.gov/id/6037485. Accessed 12 Aug. 2020.

Draft of President's Radio Address on Expanding Opportunities for Americans with Disabilities. 18 Oct. 1999. William J. Clinton Library, Little Rock, AR, Records of the White House Office of Records Management (Clinton Administration), 1993 - 2001, catalog.archives.gov/id/6037509. Accessed 12 Aug. 2020.

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