How to format the references pages in IEEE Style?

Utwórz poprawne odniesienie w stylu IEEE

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General rules

The list of references in IEEE Style should be in the numbered format. The numbers of references are given in brackets, without a full stop, and are aligned flush left, so that the reference number would form a separate column.

The references in a bibliography are given in the chronological order of the corresponding in-text citations.

Example of ordered bibliographic references in IEEE Style:

    1. <…>
    2. A. E. Eiben, “Robot evolution: Artificial intelligence by artificial evolution”, Open Access Government, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 226–227, Jan. 2023, doi: 10.56367/oag-037-10494. Accessed: Feb. 23, 2023. [Online]. Available:
    3. E. Rich, K. Knight, and K. Knight, Artificial Intelligence. New York, NY, USA: McGraw-Hill Education, 1991.
    4. <…>
    5. E. Curry, F. Heintz, M. Irgens, A. W. M. Smeulders, and S. Stramigioli, “Partnership on AI, data, and robotics”, Commun. ACM, vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 54–55, Apr. 2022, doi: 10.1145/3513000. Accessed: Feb. 23, 2023. [Online]. Available:
    6. <…>
    7. <…>

The in-text citations may be as follows:

Artificial intelligence is based on <…> [1, p. 20]. AI has gained widespread use in the sectors of <…> [2], [3], [4]. The development of AI ensures <…> [5], as well as <…> [6, pp. 154–156], and <…> [7].

See more about in-text citations in IEEE Style here.

As for the visual formatting of the bibliography page (indents, margins, fonts, etc.), different journals, conference organisers, etc. can have different requirements, therefore you should comply with the publisher’s instructions in each particular case.

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